The Egyptian-Ethiopian relations are of the oldest relations in the history of Africa as it dates back to the Pharaonic era through the trade trips between the two countries. Diplomatic ties between Egypt and Ethiopia were established in 1927 to be of the oldest diplomatic relations in the world and Africa.
The Egyptian-Ethiopian relations have a special nature especially because both countries have interests on common vital issues including the Nile water file, the security of the Horn of Africa region and combating piracy. Furthermore, Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan are members in the Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO) which coordinates efforts of the three countries to implement projects in the field of water and energy in cooperation with the donor countries.
Moreover, Egypt and Ethiopia are members of the Nile Basin Initiative that was established in 1999 with the aim of promoting cooperation among the Nile Basin states to achieve the aspirations of their peoples.
The Egyptian popular diplomacy delegation which visited the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa recently has succeeded in restoring confidence and cooperation between the two countries.