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Egypt on democratic track

Thursday, 29 January 2015 - 6:20 PM Cairo
Home >> Land & People >> Basic Information >> Population


Population census has been known in Egypt since ancient times. The first census was carried out in 1882 and the total number of population at that time was 6.7 million. The government takes a census of the Egyptian population every ten years.

The 1996 census puts the number of population at 59.3 million. The 2006 census is the thirteenth to be held by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS).


The CAPMAS announced on Monday 18/8/2014 that the Egyptian population inside the country hit 87 million.

In a statement, CAPMAS noted that the population daily increase reached 5604 persons and that the growth rate reached 2.5 per cent in 2013 against 2.6 per cent in 2012.

The report said Cairo is the biggest governorate as its population hit 9.2 million, followed by Giza with 7.5 million and Sharqiya with 6.4 million.

The report said the population is distributed on only 7.7 per cent of the total area of Egypt.

The CAPMAS said on Thursday 20/2/2014 that Egypt's population both at home and abroad is to reach around 94 million.

The Egyptian population at home increased from 85 million in August of 2013 to an expected 86 million, which means one million in six months.

Cairo is the biggest governorate in terms of population with a registered 9.1 million to be followed by Giza (7.4 million) then Sharqiya (6.3 million).


According to the 2012 census, official figures released by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics indicate that Egypt's population has reached 92 million living on just 5.3% of the country's area. Other figures include the following:


Labor force

26.891 million

Total Unemployment

3.395 million

Unemployed males


Females unemployed


Unemployment in urban areas


Unemployment in rural areas


Young people unemployed


Unemployed with qualifications


Contribution to economic activity


Dependency rate

Person with 2 dependants

Total number of the employed

23.496 million

Males employed

18.841 million

Females employed

4.655 million

Employed in urban areas

9.863 million

Employed in rural areas

13.633 million

Number of paid workers

14.784 million (62.7% of the total of employees/workers)

Number of people with businesses to run

3.604 million (15.3%)

Number of workers in the employment of the above group

2.831 million (12.1%)

Number of unpaid

2.277 million (9.7%)

People working in the fields of agriculture and fishing

6.318 million (26.9%)

People working in the fields of building & construction

2.808 million (12%)

People working in the field of processing industries

2.624 million (11.2%)

People working in international & regional organizations

14600 thousand (0.1%)

Average working hours/ week for paid workers

46.7 hrs.

Males: 47.5 hrs

Females: 42.9

According to the 2006 census figures, the population, including those living abroad, is estimated to have reached 76.5 million at a growth rate of 37% over the 1996 figure.



Date of publication:Tuesday, 19 August 2014