Health Care is simply caring for people and their lives. It is the art of delivering hope and attention in an active process that requires communication, collaboration, and decision-making across care providers and care settings.
Egypt has a long history in health care and medical practice, which dates back to Pharoanic times. In recent decades, the country has achieved several improvements both in health indicators and health care provision.
The health system in Egypt incorporates both the public and private sectors of the health insurance market.
Health care services are provided by three main sectors, the government, the public sector, and the private sector. Although these sectors complement each other, the government is considered the principal provider of health care services in terms of capacity, expenditures and the different kinds of services offered.
The Egyptian government has undertaken an ambitious reform program of the national health care system, to build on a reputation as a good source of health care in the region and as a major destination for both health tourism and investment. As a result, the government has pledged to involve the private sector in every aspect of the economic reform process, including health care sector.
In 2011/2012, government expenditure on health reached EGP 23.8 billion compared to EGP 20.3 billion in 2010/2011.
Approximately 50% of the population are covered by basic government health insurance, a further 30% are enrolled in private health insurance plans and 20% of Egyptians have no health insurance.
Egypt has a good health care system as many of its doctors have been trained in reputable medical centers outside the country, besides the vast majority of them speak English. Thus, attracting many students from different Arab countries to study medicine in the universities of Egypt. They generally have a high standard of medical knowledge.
In the framework of the state’s commitment to provide health services and medicine to all citizens, especially the unprivileged categories, the health sector has made major achievements in this respect.
The State works on ensuring that all citizens get equal access to the integrated health care services as follows:
(1) Medical Services are provided by medical units affiliated to the Ministry of Health, other ministries and the private sector. These data are tabulated according to the number of hospitals, medical units, beds and pharmacies in each governorate.
(2) Production of vital drugs and vaccines.
(3) Treatment of citizens inside and outside Egypt, at the government’s expense.
(4) Number of physicians, pharmacists and nursing staff belonging to the Ministry of Health, in addition to number of employees working at the Ministry of Health.
Competitive Strengths and Capabilities:
Core Areas for Investment: Private hospitals, health tourism, elective procedures, pharmaceuticals, continuing education programs, platforms and software, rural health care.
Largest Trained Workforce in the Region: An annual average of 10,000 graduates from medical schools, Egypt produces more doctors and pharmacists than any other country in the Middle East. Egypt’s workforce is the largest in the Arab world and the second largest in the MENA region, after Iran.
Ongoing Training and Networking: Egypt’s health care workforce has an excellent reputation in the region for high quality standards and experience. Medical personnel have access to state-of-the-art training programs from such companies as Intel and Microsoft, while networking and chat sites allow knowledge sharing. Additionally, Egypt’s doctors have access to online medical journals, allowing them to keep up-to-date on the latest medical innovations.
Upgrade of the National Health Care System: The government’s plan to overhaul the national health care system will drive new traffic to more than 1607 hospitals and will create additional opportunities for investment, particularly through the PPP program.
The state is keen on extending health insurance coverage to include non-insured new categories. The total number of the insured beneficiaries reached 37.300 million, of which about 27.92 million under laws and a number of 11.208 million insured child under ministerial decrees, showing an insurance coverage of about 51.6 per cent of Egypt’s population.