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Main attractions                                                     for print
Qa’it Bay Citadel

Built by Mamluke Sultan Abdul-Nasser Qa'it Bay in 1477 AD but razed and reconstructed twice since. This citadel was built in 1480 by Sultan Qaitbay on the site of the Pharos Lighthouse, to protect the city from the crusaders who used to attack the city by sea. The Citadel is situated at the entrance of the eastern harbour on the eastern point of the Pharos Island.

It was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria. The lighthouse continued to function until the time of the Arab conquest, then several disasters occurred and the shape of lighthouse was changed to some extent, but it still continued to function. During the 11th century an earthquake destroyed the top of the lighthouse and the bottom was used as a watchtower. A small Mosque was built on the top. About 1480 A.D the place was fortified as part of the coastal defensive edifices.

Alexandria Opera House

The Alexandria Opera House was constructed in 1918 during the reign of Sultan Fouad I and named “Mohamed Ali Theatre”.

Following its inauguration in 1921, the theatre was host to celebrated Arab and foreign singers.

In 1962, it was renamed “Sayed Darwish Theatre” in honour of this pioneer of Arab musician. Renovations on the badly neglected building were completed in 2004.

Bibliotheca Alexandrina

A huge modern library and research centre, it is constructed on the site of the former Library of Alexandria. It has also a big conference centre and a planetarium, as well as displays of ancient texts and other special exhibitions.



Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa

The catacombs stand on the site where the village and fishing port of Rhakotis, the oldest part of Alexandria that predates Alexander the Great, was located. The underground tunnels of the catacombs lie in the densely populated district of Karmouz to the east of Alexandria.

They were most probably used as a private tomb, for a single wealthy family, and later converted to a public cemetery. They are composed of a ground level construction that probably served as a funerary chapel, a deep spiral stairway and three underground levels for the funerary ritual and entombment.

The catacombs are unique both for their plan and for their decoration, which represents an integration of the cultures and traditions of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans

Alexandria Aquarium

The Alexandria Aquarium was built in 1930 and is located in the vicinity of the Qaitbay Fort on Alexandria's Eastern Harbour.

On show there are many species from the Mediterranean and Red Seas around Egypt, as well as some freshwater species from the Nile and the Amazon.

Animals on display range from fish to crustaceans and turtles (both marine and freshwater). The Aquarium is also home to the Marine Research Institute.

Alexandria National Museum

A history Museum with more than 1800 archaeological pieces exhibited chronologically: the basement is devoted to Prehistoric and Pharaonic times; first floor to the Greco-Roman period; second floor to the Coptic and Islamic era that highlights artefacts raised during recent underwater excavations.

Monastery of Saint Mina

The Monastery of Saint Mina is located in the Western Desert near Alexandria.
Saint Mina was tortured and killed by the Romans. His body was loaded onto a camel and steered toward the Western Desert. At one place, however, the camel would not move. It is there that Saint Mina was buried and it is also there that monastery was built.

Today, thousands of pilgrims flock from all over the world to receive spiritual and physical healing at the revived monastery.

Pompey’s Pillar

An ancient monument, this 25-meter-high granite column was constructed in honour of the Emperor Diocletian in AD 297. The confined area where the column stands also has other ruins and sculptures such as the Serapium oracle.

Also beside this area is a very big shopping centre for cloth and furniture called "El-Saa3a," where one can find many types of cloth or clothes.

Sunken Cities of Abu Qir

Northwest of Alexandria lies the site of Abu-Qir, where archaeologists have been exploring the sunken cities of Heracleion and Canopus since 1992.

Roman Amphitheatre

Built in the 2nd century AD, this Roman amphitheatre has 13 semi-circular tiers made of white and grey marble, with marble seats for up to 800 spectators, galleries and sections of mosaic-flooring.

In Ptolemaic times this area was the Park of Pan, a pleasure garden surrounded by Roman villas and baths.

Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral

St. Mark's Coptic Cathedral in Alexandria is the seat of the Pope of Alexandria, the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The cathedral is said to stand on the site of the church founded by St. Mark the Evangelist in 60 AD.

The present St. Mark's Coptic Cathedral is of recent date, but is said to stand on the site of church founded by St. Mark himself.

Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue

The Eliyahu Hanavi Synagogue is located in Nabi Daniel Street. Built in 1354, it was bombed by the French during their invasion of Egypt in 1798, and was re-built in 1850 with contributions from the Muhammad Ali Dynasty.

Although services are still held in the synagogue, it now caters to a very small community due to the dwindling number of Jews in Alexandria.

Cavafy Museum

Constantine Cavafy, born in 1863, was a Greek poet who lived in Alexandria most of his life.

After he died, his apartment was taken by Cavafy International Committee and turned into a museum which opened to the public on November 16, 1992.