Wednesday، 04 January 2017 - 03:30 PM
2016 witnessed a strong start for the Egyptian policy to regain its regional and international role.
President's foreign visits
Djiboutian President’s visit (December 12, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received Djiboutian President Ismail Omar Guelleh in Cairo. The two leaders discussed ways to strengthen bilateral relations between the two countries.
Slovenian President’s visit (December 5, 2016)
Slovenian President Borut Pahor visited Egypt for the first time on December 5, 2016, at the head of a high-level delegation, including a number of ministers, officials and representatives from 15 companies representing various sectors including energy, agricultural technology, industry, electricity and telecommunications. President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received the Slovenian President and his delegation and discussed means to enhance cooperation between Egypt and Slovenia in various fields.
Slovenian President also met Prime Minister Sherif Ismail, senior officials and House of Representatives Speaker Ali Abdel Aal. A number of cooperation agreements and memoranda of understanding between Egypt and Slovenia in the fields of consumer protection, investment, environment, air services and media were signed.
Eritrean President's visit (November 30, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi recieved on November 30, 2016 at the Presidential Palace President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki. During the reception, President Sisi underscored the importance of developing bilateral relations with Eretria at all levels, in light of the distinctive and historic ties binding the two countries. President Sisi stressed the importance of activating the joint Egyptian-Eritrean committee in order to boost bilateral cooperation in various sectors, including agriculture, livestock and fishery. The President also called for continuing technical support programs presented by the Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development (EAPD).
The Eritrean president voiced appreciation for Egypt's leading role in promoting development in addition to maintaining security and stability in Africa. Asmara is looking forward to enhancing cooperation with Cairo in various fields in a way that serves the interests of both peoples, he noted.
Singaporean President visit (October 31, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received on October 31, 2016 at the Presidential Palace Singaporean President Tony Tain. The visit coincides with the 50th anniversary of establishing diplomatic ties between Egypt and Singapore and is the first by a Singaporean president to Egypt in 20 years.
During the visit, Tan met Al Azhar Grand Imam Ahmed El Tayyeb, and Head of the Coptic Orthodox Church Pope Tawadros. Tan’s also visited Al Azhar University and held a meeting with members of the Egyptian-Singaporean business council.
Bilateral agreements were signed during the visit. They focused on technical education, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), electronic governance, ports, water desalination, energy and information technology. Also, a Singaporean logistic company inaugurated in the 10th of Ramadan city.
American business community delegation's visit (October 24, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received on October 20, 2016 a delegation from the American business community, headed by senior adviser to US Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, Ambassador David Thorne. The delegation comprised representatives of about fifty major US companies of various sectors. The President started the meeting welcoming the American delegation, stressing the importance of the Egyptian-American strategic relations along with Egypt’s aspiration to reinforce cooperation and coordination with the new US administration regarding issues of common interest, in a way to enable the two countries to address the current regional and international challenges.
The President praised the good reputation enjoyed by American companies in the Egyptian market, alluding to the importance of increasing the volume of trade exchange and American investments in Egypt in accordance to the great potentials of the two countries. He also underlined Egypt’s keenness on communicating with investors to identify the problems and obstacles facing them and work to overcome them.
El Sisi stressed that the Egyptian exports of agricultural and food commodities enjoy the American standard specifications defined by the concerned US authorities, noting that they are saleable in the US market. During the meeting, Ambassador David Thorne highlighted the strategic partnership, business and investment relationships between Egypt and the United States. He also underlined that the stability of the Middle East is pivotally based on that of Egypt and that his country supports Egypt’s economic reform program. He also praised the determination of the political leadership in Egypt to continue economic reform efforts despite the challenges facing Egypt during the past period, confirming the existence of real opportunities for the advancement of the Egyptian economy during the next phase.
Egyptian- Greek- Cypriot summit (October 11, 2016)
Cairo hosted on October 11, 2016 the fourth Egyptian-Greek- Cypriot summit aiming to boost joint cooperation in the development, investment and defense fields along with other issues of joint interest. President Abdel Fattah El Sisi will received Cypriot President Nicholas Anastasiades and Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras for summit talks focusing on reinforcing joint cooperation in the energy and military fields along with means of combating extremism and terrorism. They also reviewed regional and international issues of common concern.
It is certain that the growing constructive cooperation between Egypt, Greece and Cyprus is a gleam of hope for improving the volatile regional situation. Also, this cooperation attests to keenness of the three countries to consolidate their joint relations that cover all vistas of cooperation in the economic, development, security and defense fields along with coordinating stances and exchanging visions regarding international issues.
Higher Egyptian-Sudanese Committee (October 2, 2016)
The Higher Egyptian-Sudanese Committee convened in Cairo on October 2, 2016. It was held for the first time at the level of the presidents of the two countries.
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi and his Sudanese counterpart Omar Hassan al Bashir co-chaired the meetings of the Higher Egyptian-Sudanese Committee. The meetings tackled expanding cooperation between Egypt and Sudan, increasing trade exchange and activating cooperation agreements in the fields of irrigation, industry, communications, training and transport.
Hungarian PM visit (May 31, 2016)
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán visited Cairo on May 31, 2016 on top of great Hungarian businessmen delegation in a 3-day visit. The visit aimed at completing the talks held by President Abdel Fattah El Sisi during his visit to Budapest in June 2015. Besides, the visit came to push forward the bilateral relations in all domains. President Sisi and Prime Minister Sherif Ismail held talks with the Hungarian PM on means of cooperation in all domains and international issues of joint interests.
The visit witnessed signing a number of cooperation agreements between Egypt and Hungary.
Palestinian President visit (May 28, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received on May 28, 2016 Palestinian President Abou Mazen. During the meeting, Sisi stressed support for international efforts, especially those by France, to settle the Palestinian issue and establish an independent Palestinian State along the June 4, 1967 borders with Al-Quds its capital.
Bahraini King's visit (April 26, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received King Hamad Bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain who started on April 26, 2016 a three-day visit to Egypt. Talks between the two leaders dealt with means of boosting bilateral relations, cooperation in the field of combating terrorism and a wide range of regional issues.
French President's visit (April 17, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received his French counterpart Francois Hollande on April 17, 2016. The two presidents discussed the latest developments in the Middle East region in general, and the fight against terrorism in particular. Also, they discussed the crisis in Syria, Libya and Yemen and the French initiative for the Middle East process peace. A number of trade agreements between the two countries were signed to promote cooperation in the fields of natural gas, renewable energy, sewage treatment, transport, electricity, vocational training, heritage preservation and tourism.
Togolese President's visit (April 10, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi held talks with Togolese President Faure Gnassingbe. President Sisi and his Togolese counterpart stressed the importance of cementing cooperation between the two countries to achieve development and fight terrorism and poverty in Africa. President Sisi described his talks with Gnassingbe as fruitful, saying they dealt with bilateral relations and African and international issues of mutual concern. President Sisi said he agreed with the Togolese President on promoting efforts of regional cooperation to fight terrorism and extremism which threatens the whole world and affects social and economic development efforts in the African continent. President Sisi said his talks with the Togolese leader covered maritime security, piracy and the challenges the African continent is facing. President Sisi and his Togolese counterpart Gnassingbe witnessed the inking of a protocol and four programs for joint cooperation.
Saudi King's visit (April 7, 2016)
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz's visit to Egypt has been well received by the Egyptian people and the government, with the host country describing the King as the “Great Guest of Egypt in Cairo.” This historic visit aims at entrenching and consolidating relations between the two countries. The visit brought good results and promoted the common interests of the two states within the framework of the brotherly ties between them. The visit also reflected a continuation of the close historical ties between the peoples of the two countries.
Mauritania President's visit (April 2, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi welcomed his counterpart of Mauritania Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. Egyptian-Mauritanian relations witnessed a boost after the discussions held between President El Sisi and his Mauritanian counterpart. The two leaders agreed on promoting bilateral cooperation in various domains and witnessed the inking of six agreements and Memorandums of Understanding (MoU).
Macedonian President's visit (March 13, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi met his Macedonian counterpart Gjorge Ivanov. President El Sisi and his Macedonian counterpart agreed to boost bilateral cooperation in the various fields. They also agreed to benefit from the available investment and economic opportunities in the two countries and continue joint coordination at international forums. President Sisi, meanwhile, said that agreement was reached to promote joint cooperation and benefit from the promising opportunities between the two sides in the fields of trade and investment.
Iraqi President's visit (March 7, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received Iraqi President Fuad Masum and affirmed Egypt's full support for the unity and sovereignty of the Iraqi state on the entire territory. During his meeting, Sisi reiterated Egypt's commitment to support all efforts to restore security and stability in Iraq in the face of current challenges and attempts to sow discord and division among the Iraqi people. President Sisi and Masum underlined the two countries' keenness to strengthen bilateral relations and upgrade them to wider horizons in various political, economic and cultural fields. The two Presidents agreed to activate bilateral working mechanisms, especially the joint commission between the two countries.
Chinese President’s visit (January 20, 2016)
Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Egypt. President Abdel Fattah El Sisi received the Chinese leader at the airport. Xi's visit marked the 60th anniversary of establishing diplomatic ties between Egypt and China.
President Sisi hosted a banquet in honor of President Jinping and his accompanying delegation. President El Sisi described as strategic the relations between Egypt and China, expressing the two countries' keenness on promoting them.
Youth monthly dialogue (December 10, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi inaugurated the first youth monthly dialogue which discussed what have been implemented from recommendations of the first youth national conference held in Sharm El Sheikh in October 2016.
The dialogue conference included a number of public sessions to tackle the outcome of the national dialogue meetings on education, recent economic reform measures, population increase, challenges facing the State, mechanisms to upgrade agriculture and oil sectors.
Open discussions were held with youths on the visions floated during the past period as well as the government visions towards such economic reforms and means of luring more investments.
Prime Minister Sherif Ismail, Governor of the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) Tarek Amer, the ministers of finance, investment, oil, agriculture, education, the head of the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) as well as experts participated in the sessions.
As many as 1,000 youths, including 60 per cent new participants and 30 per cent of attendees at Sharm El Sheikh national youth conference, volunteers from the ministries of youth and sports, members of political parties, intellectuals, parliamentarians, journalists and media figures are attending the one day conference.
National Youth Conference (October 25, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi inaugurated the first National Youth Conference. The conference was held under the theme "Innovate...Advance" and focused on an array of education-related issues. The event is held in implementation of an initiative that was launched by the President on the Egyptian Youth Day on January 9, 2016.
The conference focused on ways of supporting small and medium sized enterprises within the framework of confronting unemployment.
The second session of convention was held under the theme "Youth Vision of Linking Education System with the Labor Market".
A workshop titled "Education and Scientific Research" was held on the fringe of the conference.
The workshop involved four sessions:
1- "Blended Learning: A New Vision of the Egyptian Education".
2- "The Future of Technical Education in Egypt".
3- "Proposals for the Development of Cultural Exchanges and Missions".
4- "Youth Vision of the Development of Scientific Research System".
In 2016, the foreign visits of President Abdel Fattah El Sisi witnessed remarkable activities, which aimed to support balanced relations with all countries that reflected the challenges faced Egypt’s regional role and its foreign policies in light of the changes in the region.
President Sisi’s visit to Uganda (December 18, 2016)
The visit of President Abdel Fattah El Sisi to Uganda on 18/12/2016 aims at furthering bilateral relations in all domains, especially trade and economic ones and mulling possible increase of trade exchange.
In addition to bilateral relations, talks to tackle a number of African issues of mutual interest in light of Uganda's efforts to achieve peace and security in the Nile basin, Horn of Africa and the African continent.
President Sisi’s visit to UAE (December 1-3, 2016)
The visit of President Abdel Fattah El Sisi to United Arab Emirates (UAE) on 1/12/2016 came within the framework of following up continuous consultation and coordination between the two countries, as well as the President's participation in the activities of the National Day of the UAE.
The talks of President Sisi with the leaders of UAE concentrated on ways to develop the distinguished bilateral relations at various levels, so as to enhance the strategic cooperation between the two countries to face the current regional challenges in the region.
President Sisi's visit to Portugal (November 21-22, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi's visit to Portugal comes as part of the two countries' keenness on enhancing bilateral ties in the coming period. During the visit, President Sisi also tackled ways of promoting political and diplomatic ties along with promoting cooperation in economy, scientific research and defense spheres.
President Sisi's visit to Sudan (October 10, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi participated in the final session of Sudan's National Dialogue General Conference in Khartoum upon an invitation from Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir. Sisi's participation comes within the framework of special relations between the two countries and the two brotherly peoples.
President Sisi's participation in 71th UNGA Session (September 18, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi participated in a high-level segment of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly, which held in New York. This comes as part of Egypt's keenness on reaching a political settlement of economic and international crises. Sisi delivered Egypt's address to the UN General Assembly, during which he will expound the latest developments in Egypt.
President Sisi's visit to India (September 1-3, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi visited the Republic of India and laid down a wreath on the tomb of late Indian leader Mahatma Ghandi in the Indian capital.
Indian President Pranab Mukherjee held session of talks with President Abdel Fattah El Sisi on means of boosting bilateral relations. The two leaders also discussed developing bilateral coordination and cooperation on regional and international issues.
President's participation in AU Summit (July 17-18, 2016 Kigali, Rwand)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi participated in the 27th African Summit, in Kigali, with the participation of heads of State and government of member States. President Sisi attended an unofficial session of African leaders. The session focused on the funding of AU activities and ways to increase financial resources to help implement ambitious projects and programs.
In his speech at unofficial talks, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi stressed the importance of discussing ways to increase resources to implement ambitious programs and projects in Africa. The President also stressed the importance of doubling efforts of preventive diplomacy to ward off conflicts and disputes in Africa.
Sisi’s visit to Kazakhstan (February 26 – 27, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi held talks with Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev. The two presidents discussed ways of enhancing bilateral relations in all domains along with expanding joint cooperation in the economic and investment fields. Presidents Sisi and Nazarbayev also attended a meeting of the Egyptian-Kazakh Business Forum where President Sisi delivered a speech taking up the economic projects that were launched in Egypt and its efforts to attract more investments along with improving the Egyptian economic indicators.
Sisi’s visit to Japan (27 February - 2 March, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi held official talks with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on boosting bilateral cooperation. During his talks with Abe, Sisi welcomed partnership between Egypt and Japan, expressing desire to benefit from the Japanese expertise.
Sisi’s visit to South Korea (March 2-4, 2016):
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi met South Korean President Park Geun-hye. They discussed ways to upgrade bilateral relations into comprehensive partnership and cooperation. President Sisi called on his South Korean counterpart to boost relations between the two countries in all fields in the coming period. Speaking about regional issues, Sisi called on the international community to unify efforts to uproot the growing threat of terrorism, which seeks to undermine security and stability of the Middle East.
Egypt’s Participation in 26th African Union Summit (January 30, 2016)
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi participated in the 26th African Union (AU) Summit. The summit held under the theme: "2016: African Year of Human Rights with a particular focus on the Rights of Women".
Sisi's participation in the African Summit comes as part of Egypt's keenness on activating its ties with the various African countries, promoting its participation in the joint African action and settling conflicts in the continent and enhancing social and economic development.
In 2016, President Abdel Fattah El Sisi issued a number of important presidential decrees as follows:
· Presidential decree treating Bahraini King like an Egyptian citizen
· President Sisi issued decree to set up two churches
· President Sisi pardons prisoners on Eidul Adha, 6th of October war victory
· President Sisi issued decree for building Coptic Church in New Cairo
· Presidential decree re-allocating land for aquaculture projects
· Presidential decree to re-organize Supreme Council of Tourism
· President Sisi mandated Petroleum Minister to amend agreement
· State of emergency, curfew extended in N. Sinai for 3 months
· President Sisi allocated State-owned plot of land for petroleum projects in Alamein
· President Sisi allocated State-owned land for urban projects in Luxor
· Presidential decrees pardoning prisoners on Eidul Fitr, 1952 Revolution anniversary
· President Sisi decrees commuting jail sentences issued against some inmates
· President Sisi approved loan agreement with Russia to finance Egypt's nuclear plant
· President Sisi issued republican decree on forming committee of Egyptian-Japanese education initiative
· Presidential decree extending state of emergency in areas in N.Sinai for 3 months
· President Sisi issued decree approving $550 mn loan agreement with IBRD
· Presidential decree establishing new university for technology, information
· Presidential decree for establishing Al Arish University
· President Sisi issued presidential decree granting Mauritanian president Collar of the Nile
· Presidential decree approved loan to facilitate 5th structural adjustment between Egypt, AMF
· Presidential decree issued to pardon prisoner
· Presidential decree sanctioning amendments to US aid deal
· Republican decree on amending aid agreement between Egypt, US
· Republican decree approved visa-free travel between governments of Egypt, Colombia
· Republican decree approved amending grant assistance agreement on SITE with US
· Republican decree permitted establishment of Evangelical Church in Assuit’s Quseya
· President Sisi approved Korean grant for technological education
· President Sisi approved 500-million-dollar loan agreement with WB
· President Sisi issued decree to reform NCW
· Presidential decree approved loan agreement for power station funding
· President Sisi approved amendments to Egypt-WB healthcare cooperation project
· President Sisi pardons prisoners on occasion of Police Day, January 25th Revolution
· Presidential decree agreed credit facility agreement between Egypt, AFD
House of Representatives
In the wake of June 30 Revolution, the House of Representatives had become many tasks in the new constitution in discussing making the laws issued by President Abdel Fattah El Sisi in the absence of the House of Representatives and the issuance of bylaws of Council, in addition to issuance of supplementary laws of the Constitution, the laws of social justice, discussed the State budget and many fact-finding commissions formed by the Council.
This is in addition to the role of the Council in the parliamentary diplomacy at the level of parliamentary delegations, as well as the historic visits of Presidents and Kings of countries to the Parliament, particularly the visit of Saudi Monarch King and Presidents of China, France, Iraq, Macedonia and Togo.
The most important work of House of Representatives
- Discussion 342 laws that have been referred to the Council and approved of 341.
- Completion the internal bylaw of the Council.
- Discussion 82 bills in the first session, the most important is church building law and in the second legislative term issued a number of laws, the most important is civil service law, NGO’s law and institutional organization of press and media law.
- Discussion 32 draft law during the first legislative term.
- Formation seven special committees to find out the reality of the situations.
- Discussion the government's program in 10 plenary sessions, which ended by giving the confidence to the government by a majority of 433 voted by 90.97%.