18 October 2017 07:39 AM

Egypt and Peacekeeping

Sunday، 10 September 2017 - 02:33 PM

A founding member of the United Nations, Egypt has played a significant role in maintaining international peace and security.

Egypt has and continues to be committed to strengthening international action through the United Nations to achieve collective security and uphold the goals enshrined in the Purposes and Principles of the UN.

Egypt is a longstanding and committed contributor to UN peacekeeping operations. Egypt’s first contribution to UN peacekeeping was in 1960 in the Congo. Since then, Egypt has contributed to 37 UN missions with over 30,000 peacekeepers, deployed in 24 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe.

Egypt ranked third in the United Nations peacekeeping operations’ largest contributing countries for the current period, according to the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). A total of 729 Egyptian officers and police personnel serve in U.N. peacekeeping operations in various countries, as announced by the Ministry of Interior Affairs.

Egypt’s position on peacekeeping missions can be summarized as follows:

Achievable Mandates: Egypt emphasizes the need for the United Nations Security Council to outline achievable mandates and avoiding mandates that lack political basis or sufficient resources or are not politically achievable.

Role of Troop Contributing Countries in Policy Formulation: Egypt emphasizes the need for the full participation of TCCs in the decision making process in the Security Council to achieve the required effectiveness for United Nations peacekeeping missions on the ground.

Use of Force: The unjustified expansion in the capacity of Peacekeeping Operations to use force can easily blur the line between peacekeeping and peace enforcement and jeopardize the impartiality of the military component of the mission.

Integrating Peacekeeping and Peace building: so that peacekeeping efforts are accompanied by economic recovery and capacity building efforts, based on national ownership.

Protection of Civilians: Egypt emphasizes protection of civilians where mandated and the need for peacekeeping to support the national efforts in this regard, taking duly into consideration that the primary responsibility of this task remains of states to protect their civilians.

Strengthening the Role of Regional and Sub-regional Organizations in Peacekeeping Operations: In accordance with chapter VII of the U.N. Charter.

Modernizing UN Peacekeeping Operations including the use of high-tech equipment remains a huge challenge: In this regard, it is important to deal with the political, legal, and financial implications of using such technologies, although the issue of control and confidentiality of information collected by these equipments requires special attention.

Predictability and Sustainability of Resources: Including human and technical, to implement their mandates, to deal with the difficult environments and to carry on its multidimensional tasks. Indeed, in this context the United Nations can learn from the African Union architecture with the presence of the African Union Standby Force. While this experience is still work in progress, it is by far more developed than anything the United Nations has to offer.

Egypt’s contribution in UN peacekeeping missions

- Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1960

- Sarajevo, 1990’s

- Côte d'Ivoire, 2003

- Somali, from December 1992 to February 1995

- Central African Republic, from June 1998 to March 2000

- Angola, from 1991 to 1995

- Republic of Mozambique, from February 1993 to June 1995

- Liberia, from December 1993 to September 1997

- Rwanda

- Comoros Islands, from 1997 to 1999

- Sierra Leon, September 1997 – until now

- Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1999 – until now

- Liberia, from 2003 – until now

- Burundi, from September 2004 – until now

- Darfur, from August 2004 - until now 

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