Egypt always keen on caring about special needs persons, helping them achieve a lot of successful results in various fields, which approve their abilities to challenge difficulties.
Latest official statistics by central agency for public mobilization and statistics reported that number of special needs in Egypt is 10.64% of the total population
Law no 10 of 2018 defined special needs persons as “everyone has stable complete or partial deficiencies, whether physical, mental, mental or sensory, which prevents him to participate fully and effectively with society and on an equal basis with others”.
Article 93 in Egyptian constitution provides that “The State shall be bound by the international human rights agreements, covenants and conventions ratified by Egypt, and which shall have the force of law after publication in accordance with the prescribed conditions”, it also confirmed all rights and duties according to special needs person as described in “53, 55, 54, 80, 81, 180, 214, 244” constitution articles.
All Egyptian laws put in its consideration principle of equality between special needs women, mothers and whom without disability, giving them equal rights, for example children law no 12 of 1996 and its amendments didn’t state the denial of disability mother from custody of children.
In 19th February 2018 law no 10 was issued containing 58 article included all special needs rights without distinction or separation and equal to others according to their situation and abilities.
This law has been drawn up according to definition of disabilities and rights contained in United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, discussed in parliament and has been approved after having been submitted to social dialogue, and take National Council on Disability Affairs opinion.
Egypt celebrates annually the International Disability Day in 3rd December, the council connect with the assemblies to receipt nominations of exceptional special needs males and females in all fields to participate and honor them in that event.
The Egyptian constitution guarantees equality before the law in public rights and duties, and equal opportunities for all citizens, men and women, without discrimination.
It states in article 11 that: “The State shall ensure the achievement of equality between women and men in all civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution”, “The State shall take the necessary measures to ensure the appropriate representation of women in the houses of representatives, as specified by Law. The State shall also guarantee women’s right of holding public and senior management offices in the State and their appointment in judicial bodies and authorities without discrimination”.
It also stated that The State shall protect women against all forms of violence and ensure enabling women to strike a balance between family duties and work requirements, and that the State shall provide care to and protection of motherhood and childhood, female heads of families, and elderly and neediest women”.
Law no 10 of 2018 also achieved full equality between special needs’ men and women, guaranteed all rights and duties for them without discrimination, some amendments have been made to save women’s rights, reduce violence and negative discrimination against her, and achieve equality, equal opportunities to girls and women with disabilities in Egypt.
Egyptian constitution offers childcare as article 80 of it provides: “Each child shall have the right to a name, identity documents, free compulsory vaccination, health and family or alternative care, basic nutrition, safe shelter, religious education, and emotional and cognitive development. The State shall ensure the rights of children with disabilities, their rehabilitation and their integration in the society. The State shall provide children with care and protection from all forms of violence, abuse, mistreatment and commercial and sexual exploitation”.