20 October 2017 04:00 PM

About OIC

Thursday، 17 January 2013 - 12:00 AM

 

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an international organization consisting of 57 member states. The organization attempts to be the collective voice of the Muslim world and to safeguard the interests and ensure the progress and well-being of its member countries in an atmosphere of international peace.
 
The OIC has a permanent delegation to the United Nations. The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English and French.
 
The OIC has 57 members, 56 of which are classed by the United Nations as member states. Some, especially in West Africa, are - though with large Muslim populations - not necessarily Muslim majority countries. The collective population of OIC member states is between 1.3 billion and 1.5 billion.
 
Leaders of Muslim nations met in Rabat to establish the OIC on 25 September 1969. In 1972, the OIC foreign ministers approved the OIC charter. The OIC aims to preserve Islamic social and economic values; promote solidarity amongst member states; increase cooperation in social, economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas; uphold international peace and security; and advance education, particularly in the fields of science and technology.
 
It changed its name on 28 June 2011 from the Organization of the Islamic Conference to its current name.
 
Member States
 
 
States
Date of Joining
1
Azerbaijan
1992
2
Jordan
1969
3
Afghanistan
1969
4
Albania
1992
5
United Arab Emirates
1972
6
Indonesia
1969
7
Uzbekistan
1996
8
Uganda
1974
9
Iran
1969
10
Pakistan
1969
11
Sudan
1969
12
Turkey
1969
13
Tajikistan
1992
14
Djibouti
1978
15
Algeria
1969
16
Burkina-Faso
1974
17
Senegal
1969
18
Saudi Arabia
1969
19
Turkmenistan
1992
20
Chad
1969
21
Togo
1997
22
Tunisia
1969
23
Bahrain
1972
24
Benin
1983
25
Brunei-Darussalam
1984
26
Bangladesh
1974
27
Syria
1972
28
Suriname
1996
29
Sierra Leone
1972
30
Somalia
1969
31
Iraq
1975
32
Oman
1972
33
Gabon
1974
34
Gambia
1974
35
Guyana
1998
36
Guinea
1969
37
Guinea-Bissau
1974
38
Palestine
1969
39
Comoros
1976
40
Kyrgyz
1992
41
Qatar
1972
42
Kazakhstan
1995
43
Cameroon
1974
44
Cote D'ivoire
2001
45
Kuwait
1969
46
Lebanon
1969
47
Libya
1969
48
Maldives
1976
49
Mali
1969
50
Malaysia
1969
51
Egypt
1969
52
Morocco
1969
53
Mauritania
1969
54
Mozambique
1994
55
Niger
1969
56
Nigeria
1986
57
Yemen
1969
 
Observer States
 
States
Date of Joining
1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
1994
2
Central African Republic
1996
3
Kingdom of Thailand
1998
4
The Russian Federation
2005
5
Turkish Cypriot State
1979
 
Structure and organization
 
The OIC system consists of:
 
Islamic summit
 
The largest meeting, attended by the kings and the heads of state and government of the member states, convenes every three years.[clarification needed]The Islamic Summit takes policy decisions and provide guidance on all issues pertaining to the realization of the objectives as provided for in the Charter and consider other issues of concern to the Member States and the Ummah.
 
Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers
 
It meets once a year to examine a progress report on the implementation of its decisions taken within the framework of the policy defined by the Islamic Summit.
 
General Secretariat
 
It was established by the First Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, held in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in Muharram 1390H (February 1970). The General Secretariat comprises a Secretary General who is the Chief Administrative Officer of the Organization and such staff as the Organization requires.
 
Standing Committees
 
In order to advance issues of critical importance to the Organization and its Member States, the Organization has formed the following Standing Committees:
· Al Quds Committee, located in Rabat, Morocco.
· Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC), located in Dakar, Senegal.
· Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC) , located in Ankara, Turkey.
· Standing Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH), located inIslamabad, Pakistan.
 
Subsidiary organizations
 
The under-mentioned Organs are established within the framework of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in accordance with the decisions taken by the Islamic Summit or the Council of Foreign Ministers. Member States shall automatically become members of these organs and their budgets shall be approved by the Council of Foreign Ministers.
· The Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRIC), located in Ankara, Turkey.
· The Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA), located in Istanbul, Turkey.
· The Islamic University of Technology, located in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
· The Islamic Centre for the Development of Trade, located in Casablanca, Morocco.
· The Islamic Fiqh Academy, located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· The Executive Bureau of the Islamic Solidarity Fund and its Waqf, located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· The Islamic University in Niger, located in Say, Niger.
· The Islamic University in Uganda, located in Mable, Uganda.
 
Specialized institutions
 
These are established within the framework of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in accordance with the decisions of the Islamic Summit or Council of Foreign Ministers. Membership to these organs is optional and open to OIC Member States. Their budgets are independent of the budget of the Secretariat General and those of the subsidiary organs and are approved by their respective legislative bodies as stipulated in their Statutes.
 
To-date, four specialized institutions have been established and they are located in different capitals and cities in the Islamic World - they are the following:
· The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO), located in Rabat, Morocco.
· Islamic Development Bank (IDB), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· The Islamic States Broadcasting Organization (ISBO), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· The International Islamic News Agency (IINA), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
 
Affiliated institutions
 
Membership to these institutions is optional and open to institutions and organs of OIC Member States. Their budgets are independent of the budget of the Secretariat General and those of subsidiary and specialized organs. Affiliated institutions may be granted observer status by virtue of a resolution of the Council of Foreign Ministers. They may obtain voluntary assistance from the subsidiary and specialized organs as well as from Member States.
· Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI), located in Karachi, Pakistan.
· World Islamic Economic Forum (WIEF), located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
· Organization of Islamic Capitals and Cities (OICC), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· Sports Federation of Islamic Solidarity Games, located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
· Islamic Committee of the International Crescent (ICIC), located in Benghazi, Libya.
· Islamic Ship-owners Association (ISA), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· World Federation of International Arab-Islamic Schools, located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· International Association of Islamic Banks (IAIB), located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
· Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC), located in Istanbul, Turkey.
· General Council for Islamic Banks and Financial Institutions (CIBAFI), located in Manama, Bahrain.
· Standards and Metrology Institute for Islamic Countries (SMIIC), located in Istanbul, Turkey.
· Federation of Contractors from Islamic Countries (FOCIC)
 
Summit Conferences
 
Number
Date
Country
Place
1st
22–25 September 1969
Morocco
Rabat
2nd
22–24 February 1974
Pakistan
Lahore
3rd
25–29 January 1981
Saudi Arabia
Mecca and Ta’if
4th
16–19 January 1984
Morocco
Casablanca
5th
26–29 January 1987
Kuwait
Kuwait City
6th
9–11 December 1991
Senegal
Dakar
7th
13–15 December 1994
Morocco
Casablanca
1st Extraordinary
23–24 March 1997
Pakistan
Islamabad
8th
9–11 December 1997
Iran
Tehran
9th
12–13 November 2000
Qatar
Doha
2nd Extraordinary
4–5 March 2003
Qatar
Doha
10th
16–17 October 2003
Malaysia
Putrajaya
3rd Extraordinary
7–8 December 2005
Saudi Arabia
Mecca
11th
13–14 March 2008
Senegal
Dakar
4th Extraordinary
14–15 August 2012
Saudi Arabia
Mecca
 


 

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