Thursday، 23 April 2015 - 12:00 AM
In recent months Yemen has descended into conflicts between several different groups, pushing the country "to the edge of civil war".
The main fight is between forces loyal to the beleaguered President, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, and those allied to Zaidi Shia rebels known as Houthis, who forced President Hadi to flee the capital Sanaa in February.
Yemen is strategically important because it sits on the Bab al-Mandab strait, a narrow waterway linking the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden, through which much of the world's oil shipments pass. Egypt and Saudi Arabia fear a Houthi takeover would threaten free passage through the strait.
In short, after months of tightening their hold, the Houthis have formally seized power. In January, the group said it would dissolve parliament and announced plans for a new interim assembly and five-member presidential council, which would rule for up to two years.
The move filled a political vacuum which had existed since President Hadi, the prime minister and cabinet resigned earlier that month after the Houthis placed President Hadi under house arrest and detained other leading figures.
But the Houthis are minority Shia from the north, and their declaration has not been recognized by Sunni tribesmen and southern leaders, threatening Yemen with a further descent into chaos.
President Abdrabbuh Hadi, who is recognized as Yemen's legitimate leader by the international community, managed to escape to Aden, which he declared the de facto capital.
The Houthis are members of a rebel group, also known as Ansar Allah (Partisans of God), who adhere to a branch of Shia Islam known as Zaidism. Zaidis make up one-third of the population and ruled North Yemen under a system known as the imamate for almost 1,000 years until 1962.
In 2011, the Houthis joined the protests against then President Saleh and took advantage of the power vacuum to expand their territorial control in Saada and neighboring Amran province.
They subsequently participated in a National Dialogue Conference (NDC), which led to President Hadi announcing plans in February 2014 for Yemen to become a federation of six regions.
The Houthis however opposed the plan, which they said would leave them weakened.
1) Protecting Yemen’s unity and stability
2) The international community agrees that Operation “Decisive Storm” is inevitable to protect Yemen from disintegrating; particularly with the Houthis being in control, rejecting dialogue and resorting to arms and violence assisted in that by Iran and other regional powers. Egypt’s input has been part of a coalition that includes a number of Arab and other neighboring countries. In the 1960s, Egypt’s decision to intervene was unilaterally taken. 1) Some external parties are capitalizing on the situation in some Arab countries to interfere in their internal affairs or to polarize their citizens in a way that threatens our national security so that we cannot disregard its consequences on the Arab identity and the entity of the nation. Therefore they violated the sovereignty of these countries and started looting their resources and targeting their peoples.