Egyptian Policy Foundations
Tuesday، 19 January 2016 12:00 AM
Egypt has a multi-dimensional personality that has a direct impact on its foreign policy and its regional and international relations. This pluralism is not a dividing line between different identities, but it is exploited to maximize the Egyptian role. Egypt's Arab identity does not conflict with its specificity and its African identity reflects geographical reality and human attachment while the Islamic identity reflects the spiritual aspect of the Egyptian identity. The Constitution of Egypt in 2014, in its first article, states that Egypt is part of the Arab nation and enhances its integration and unity. Egypt is also part of the Islamic world that belongs to the African continent, proud of its Asian extension and contribute to the building of human civilization.
Egypt plays a cultural role in its region as the first church in Africa, the Church of Alexandria, was in Egypt, the first mosque in Africa, the mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas, was in Egypt and the first university in Africa, the University of Al-Azhar, was in Egypt. The first national revolution in Africa that changed the systems of government and worked to achieve the independence of the Arab and African countries was, also, in Egypt. So Egypt is very close with the Islamic civilizations in Africa and Asia as well as in Europe.
Following the revolutions of January 25, 2011 and June 30, 2013, Egypt aims to meet the aspirations of the Egyptian people by adopting an active foreign policy and an effective regional and international role with an Arab and African orientation. It also aims to balance its foreign policy by cooperating with all the international powers, especially emerging ones such as Russia, China, India and Brazil in order to maximize common interests and benefit from the successful experiences of those emerging economies.
Egypt, through its non-permanent membership of the Security Council for the period 20