27 November 2022 08:04 AM

Egypt and Saudi Arabia

Monday، 06 November 2017 - 12:00 AM

The relations between Egypt and Saudi Arabia are distinguished with their strong ties as both enjoy a sublime position on the Arab and international scales . King Abdul Aziz Al Saud realized the importance of the Egyptian-Saudi relations and  he said "Arabs are in need of Egypt and Egypt is in need of Arabs". Therefore, he was keen to establish solid relations with Egypt .

The Egyptian-Saudi Relations Strategy:

Egypt and Saudi Arabia enjoy a very distinguished relations  due to their sublime position and incredible  potentials. This position has provided the two countries with key influential capabilities in their foreign relations.

On the Arab level, history proves that Cairo and Riyadh are the two poles of relations and interacts in the Arab regional system. They shoulder a big responsibility to realize  Arab solidarity and achieve the aspired goals for Arab nations from  the Atlantic Ocean to  the Gulf. The strong Egyptian-Saudi relations served all Arab countries, as reflected in War of October 1973.

On the international and Islamic levels, the similarities between the Egyptian and Saudi policies led to  their  rapprochement concerning  many international, Arab and Islamic issues such as the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Palestinian cause. Therefore, the Saudi-Egyptian relations are characterized by strength and sustainability. A number of stances indicated the depth of these  relations:

First: King Abdul Aziz visited Egypt in 1946, though  he did not visit any other  Arab or international country,  excluding  his stay in between Qatar and Kuwait before the unification of the Kingdom.

Second: The most prominent of these stances, which still sticks in minds of  the Egyptians, is the role of King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz during the war of attrition. As he kept supporting Egypt,and  told the late President Gamal Abdel Nasser at a conference held in Khartoum after the 1967 war "Egypt must  not ask but commands."

Third: After former President Hosni Mubarak assumed leadership , the Arabs sensed the danger of keeping Egypt out of the Arab ranks after Sadat signed the Camp David agreement with Israel. In 1986, King Salman bin Abdul Aziz, who was the Amir of Riyadh at that time, had a remarkable role in bringing Egypt and Saudi Arabia together.

Fourth: The relations between Egypt and Saudi Arabia in all stages  were distinguished  by respecting the sovereignty  and supporting  each country as best they could be . In the second Gulf War, the Egyptian soldier was next to his Saudi brother to defend the borders of Saudi Arabia.

Fifth: The Saudi-Egyptian relations continued to form an important and vital strategic depth, which made them the center of power and influence in the Arab and Islamic world.

On 5/7/2017, The foreign ministers of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain  met in Cairo to discuss the developments in the  relations with Qatar and the threats affecting the Arab security.

The meeting was held after the end of an additional deadline that was given to Qatar to respond to demands presented by the four countries which accuse Qatar of supporting terrorism and meddling in their internal affairs.

The four countries confirmed their stance which is based on the necessity of commitment to all international agreements, conventions and resolutions along with the well-established principles of the charters of United Nations, the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation along with agreements on fighting international terrorism.

The following principles were highlighted:

1- Commitment to fighting terrorism and extremism in all their forms and preventing their funding or providing safe havens for terrorists.

2- Stopping all acts of instigation and the discourse of hatred or violence

3- Full commitment to Riyadh agreement for the year 2013 and its supplementary agreement and its mechanism of implementation for the year 2014 within the framework of the Gulf Cooperation Council.

4- Commitment to the outcome of the Arab-Islamic-American Summit that was held in Riyadh in May 2017.

5- Stopping interference in the internal affairs of other countries and stopping supporting outlawed entities.

6- All countries of the international community are responsible for fighting all forms of terrorism and extremism as they constitute a threat to international peace and security.

The four Arab countries confirmed that supporting terrorism and extremism and interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries do not tolerate any bargaining or procrastination. The demands that were presented to Qatar came within the framework of guaranteeing commitment to the six principles that were above mentioned and for protecting the Arab national security and maintaining the international peace and security along with fighting terrorism and extremism. These demands are also meant to provide a suitable atmosphere for hammering out a political settlement to regional crises as it became impossible to tolerate the destructive role undertaken by the State of Qatar in these crises.

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