Ashtoum El Gamil Natural Reserve
Sunday، 15 May 2016 - 12:00 AM
Objective : Conservation of migratory birds
Management: Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency
Climate: A typical Mediterranean climate with winter temperatures between 12o C and 20o C and summer temperatures between 18o C and 33o C.The annual rainfall averages 75-150 mm.The winds are mainly northern,north-eastern and western during summer and north eastern, northern, southeastern and western during winter, with a direct influence on the exchanges between the lake and the open sea.The water temperature in the lake varies from 13C in winter to more than 30o C in summer.
Flora: Most of the shallower areas are densely planted mainly with rooted plants (Phragmites: Potamogeton: Ceratophyllum: and Najas species.)
Fauna :The area is an important wintering place for numerous birds,like Phalacrocorax carbo: ,Egretta alba, Ardea cinerea,Tadorna tadorna, Anas crecca, A. clypeata, Circus aeruginosus: , Fulica atra, Recurvirostra avosetta, Charadriusalexandrinus, Calidris, alba, minuta, alpina, Tringa totanus, Larusgenei, Chlidoniashybridus, Alcedoatthis, Motacillidaes, Lusciniasvecica.Numerous fishes are caught in the lake and at the entrance, freshwater fishes like Cichlidae,(Tilapia), Siluridae, Cyprinidae, Serranidae, andeuryhaline or haline fishes like Mugilidae, Anguillidae, Serranidae, Sparidae, Clupeidae, and Pleuronectidae.