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Egypt's role in the Palestinian national dialogue

Tuesday، 19 September 2017 - 04:41 PM

On the basis of the Egyptian political leadership's keenness on achieving Palestinian unity and heading towards an objective and goal oriented Palestinian national dialogue, that aims at ending division that the Palestinians suffer from and entering a new phase topped by national responsibility, unity and  discarding organizational differences, Egypt has sponsored the Palestinian-Palestinian dialogue which has been hosted in Cairo in frequent rounds since November 2002 aiming at helping these factions to reach the Palestinian reconciliation. Egypt has sought to achieve the following objectives in the dialogues:

- Any faction nor the Palestinian Authority (PA) should not derogate from the unified political platform or take any unilateral decision.   

- All factions should support the PA and reconstruct the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).

- Egypt has been keen on notifying the Palestinian factions since the beginning of the dialogue that they are not a substitute for the Palestinian Authority, have to think about the interests of the Palestinian people and unify their visions to draw the international parties attention back to the peace process in the Middle East, after the international parties were convinced that what is taking place in Palestinian territories have harmed the Palestinian cause.

The Egyptian role in the reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas September 2017

In the framework of the continuous efforts exerted by Egypt to unite the Palestinians and end the internal division between Hamas and Fatah movements, Egypt welcomes their stances to start the reconciliation dialogue in September 2017, where Cairo received Azzami Al-Ahmad, Fatah Central Committee member and Chairman of Fatah parliamentary bloc, Hussein Al-Sheikh, Palestinian Minister of Civil Affairs and Fatah Central Committee member and Rawhi Fattouh, Fatah Central Committee member and the movement's international relations commissioner.  A delegation from Hamas movement also visits Cairo, who asserted their readiness to hold dialogue sessions with Fatah movement in Cairo to conclude an agreement and determine its implementation mechanisms.

Hamas in an earlier statement announced dissolving the administrative committee, allowing the national reconciliation government to operate in Gaza, agreeing to hold general election, responding to the Egyptian invitation for dialogue with Fatah about the implementation mechanisms of the Cairo agreement in 2011 and its annexes and forming a national unity government (responsible for the Palestinian people in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Al Quds) within a dialogue framework in which all Palestinian factions who signed the Cairo agreement  participate in.

The Palestinian Reconciliation Government was officially handed over its missions in Gaza Strip. The Palestinian authority convened its first session on October 3rd presided over by Ramy Al Hamd Allah , in a step seeking to settling the government’s authority where the Egyptian efforts resulted in eliminating the Palestinian  division between Hamas and Fatteh. In his speech during the meeting of the Palestinian reconciliation government’s meeting in Gaza Strip, President Sisi underlined Egypt’s keenness to fully support the Palestinian people to reach its national objectives and that the Palestinian issue is Egypt’s top priority whether throughout meetings with world leaders or through participation in all the international forums to effect just and comprehensive peace in the region.

Highlights of the Egyptian role in the Palestinian reconciliation

The Egyptian side is keen on achieving the Palestinian reconciliation, ending the division and realizing the national unity, as a result it boosts the consultations between the Palestinian powers, to serve the public interest and the Palestinian cause. Egypt sponsored a number of successive comprehensive reconciliation agreements between Fatah and Hamas, who have had political tensions for more than 10 years. The agreements are:

1- The Cairo agreement in 2009, after a series of meetings, Egypt put forward a reconciliation paper and called for elections, and after some differences took place the paper was freezed.

2- Reconciliation agreement in Cairo in 2011, where an agreement of forming an independents government and holding general elections were announced, but the government was not formed due to differences on substantial issues related to government's actions, programs, security and others.

3- The Cairo meeting in 2012, this agreement was made to set up application mechanisms of the Doha agreement.

4- The Cairo agreement in 2013, it was made to declare the reconciliation agreement, but after interpretations divergence no progress took place.

5- The Cairo agreement in September 2017, which comes with regard to implementing the 2011 agreement; form a national unity government and hold elections to surpass this phase of the history of the Palestinian people.

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