19 April 2024 02:36 AM

Bilateral Relations

Egypt and Oman

Wednesday، 29 November 2017 - 11:25 AM

Location

Oman is located in the far southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, overlooking a coast extending 3165 kilometers, starting from the far southeast where the Arabian Sea and the entrance to the Indian Ocean, extending to the Sea of Oman until it ends at Musandam in the north, to overlook the strategic Strait of Hormuz where the entrance to the Arabian Gulf,  Oman's borders are linked with the Republic of Yemen from the southwest and with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the west, and the United Arab Emirates in the north, followed by a number of small islands in the Sea of Oman and the Strait of Hormuz.

Capital

Muscat

Area

309,501 km²

Official Currency

Omani Rial

Official language

Arabic

Political relations

Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman have distinguished historical diplomatic relations that extend for more than 50 years, established by the late Sultan Qaboos bin Said, may God rest his soul, believing in Egypt's position and pivotal role in the region.

The history of Omani-Egyptian relations is well established, continuous, and fixed for more than 3,500 years, when cultural communication extended between Omanis and Pharaonic families, and the famous Omani frankincense as a strategic commodity played a pivotal role in that unique cultural communication, and that communication continued in the modern era between Cairo and Muscat, and there are several important stations that proved the solidity and consolidation of these relations.

Oman's support for Egypt during the 1979 Egypt-Israel peace process, which resulted in Egypt's recapture of the rest of its land in Sinai, is perhaps one of the most well-known political positions between Oman and the Arab Republic of Egypt. The Egyptian people still remember with appreciation and respect the remarkable position of the Omani leadership at the time, as it was the historic decision of the late Sultan Qaboos bin Said - may God have mercy on him - and the continuation of this harmony and political approach in the era of the renewed renaissance led by the wisdom and ability of His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq - may God protect him - and perhaps the visit of His Excellency President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi to the Sultanate of Oman and his fruitful meeting with His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq - may God protect him - and the important results at the level of political and economic files, where they agree The Omani and Egyptian visions on all issues of concern to the region and the Arab world,  and the signing of a number of agreements, memoranda of understanding and executive programs between the two countries gives an indication of the compatibility of the two visions: Oman 2040 and Egypt 2030.

On November 18 of each year, the Sultanate of Oman celebrates its glorious National Day, and these days it celebrates the 52nd anniversary of the National Day, in light of an amazing development boom, solid infrastructure, an accessible educational system, high-quality hospitals, and development strategies with long-term goals, all of these achievements are the result of a seasoned leadership,  sparked and nurtured for decades by the late Sultan Qaboos bin Said, founder of the modern renaissance of Oman, and now his successor, His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq - may God protect him - completes He is the owner of Oman's renewed Vision 2040, and a documented testament to the resilience and hard work of Omanis.

The most prominent stations of relations between Cairo and Muscat

On 19/4/2023, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a phone call from his brother, Sultan Haitham bin Tariq, Sultan of Oman, the two leaders exchanged congratulations on the blessed Eid Al-Fitr, asking God Almighty to return it to the brotherly Egyptian and Omani peoples with goodness, blessings and prosperity, and to bless the peoples of the Arab and Islamic nations with security, stability and prosperity.

On 19/4/2023, Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, received a phone call from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman, Mr. Badr bin Hamad bin Hamoud Al-Busaidi, on the developments of the situation in Sudan, where the Minister of Foreign Affairs was keen to review the efforts made by Egypt to contain the crisis,  and the contacts it is making with regional and international actors, and on the Arab and African arenas in order to ensure the unity of the message that is sent to the parties to continue consultation and coordination on the crisis.

On 13/3/2014, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi made a phone call with Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, Sultan of Oman, to congratulate him on the holy month of Ramadan, where the President expressed his sincere wishes to the brotherly Omani people for all good, progress and stability.

On 3/11/2022, Dr. Mustafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, met with Ambassador Abdullah bin Nasser Al-Rahbi, Ambassador of the Sultanate of Oman in Cairo, the interview touched on preparing for the celebration of the 50th anniversary of Egyptian-Omani relations, in late November 2022, where the Prime Minister pointed to the importance of this occasion and the economic, commercial and cultural events it will include,  in order to celebrate five decades of cooperation and brotherhood relations between Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman, and to build on the friendly and brotherly relations that bind His Excellency President Abdel Fattah Sisi, with his brother His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq, and for the benefit of the peoples of the two brotherly countries.

On 14/8/2022, Ambassador Abdullah Al-Rahby, Ambassador of Amman in Cairo, expressed his sincere condolences to Egypt and President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi for the victims of a church fire in Giza Governorate, which resulted in several deaths and injuries.

On 28/6/2022, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi paid a visit to Oman, received by Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, Sultan of Oman, the two leaders held an expanded session of talks that included the delegations of the two countries, where Sultan Haitham bin Tariq welcomed the President in the Sultanate of Oman, praising the close and historical brotherly ties that unite the two countries,  the President thanked his brother the Sultan of Oman for the good reception and hospitality, stressing Egypt's pride in the depth and strength of the strategic relations between the two brotherly countries.

On 30/4/2022, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a phone call from His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, Sultan of Oman, where the Omani Sultan congratulated the President on Eid Al-Fitr, wishing Egypt and its people continued progress and prosperity.

On 2/4/2022, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi made a phone call with Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, Sultan of Oman, to congratulate him on the occasion of the holy month of Ramadan, expressing his wishes to the brotherly Omani people for all the best, progress and stability. The Omani Sultan expressed his sincere thanks and gratitude to his brother the President, wishing Egypt and its people continued progress and prosperity.

On 23/1/2022, the Foreign Ministers of Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman discussed the most important regional and international issues of common interest, and expressed their satisfaction with the level of consultation and political coordination based at various levels regarding regional and international issues of common interest, and the two sides affirmed their keenness to work together in regional and international organizations and forums in order to achieve their common interests,  and in a way that achieves the hopes and aspirations of the peoples of the two countries.

On 22/1/2022, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry visited Amman to chair the Egyptian side participating in the work of the fifteenth session of the Egypt-Amman Joint Committee, Minister Shoukry met with several senior officials in Amman to discuss aspects of the distinguished bilateral relations between the two countries and their strong ties, as well as exchanging visions on pressing Arab issues and the most prominent regional and international files of common interest.

On 18/7/2021, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received a phone call from Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, Sultan of Oman, during which they discussed bilateral relations between the two countries, as well as bilateral relations between Egypt and Oman, within the framework of the distinguished process of cooperation between the two brotherly countries.

On 22/7/2020, Sultan Haitham bin Tariq, Sultan of Oman, sent a cable of congratulations to President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi on the anniversary of the twenty-third of July revolution, in which he expressed his sincere congratulations and sincere wishes for good health, happiness and long life.

On 11/3/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry paid a visit to Oman, received by Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, where Shoukry handed him a letter from President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi regarding his invitation to visit Egypt at the earliest opportunity, expressing Egypt's appreciation for the position of the Sultanate of Oman during its presidency of the last ministerial meeting of the Council of the League of Arab States,  during which it supported the Arab decision on solidarity with the Egyptian position on the issue of the Renaissance Dam.

On 4/3/2020, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman, Yusuf bin Alawi, on the sidelines of the regular session of the Council of the League of Arab States at the ministerial level, where the two ministers reviewed the overall close relations between the two brotherly countries.

On 12/1/2020, President El-Sisi sent a cable of congratulations to His Majesty Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, on his assumption of the reins of power as Sultan of the Sultanate of Oman.

On 12/1/2020, Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, headed a high-level delegation that includes the Ministers of Awqaf, Justice, Tourism and Antiquities, and Planning visited Oman to offer condolences on the death of Sultan Qaboos bin Said, the delegation received Sultan Haitham bin Tariq bin Taimur, Sultan of Oman.

On 10/1/2020, the Presidency of the Republic of Egypt mourned Sultan Qaboos bin Said, Sultan of Oman, who passed away and described him as a wise leader, who gave his life to his country and nation.

On 18/3/2019, Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, visited the Sultanate of Oman, at the invitation of Yusuf bin Alawi bin Abdullah, Minister responsible for Foreign Affairs, and the Omani-Egyptian Joint Committee held its fourteenth session in Muscat under the chairmanship of the two Foreign Ministers, and with the participation of a number of senior officials in the two brotherly countries.

On 24/2/2019, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Asaad bin Tariq Al Said, Deputy Prime Minister of Oman and Personal Representative of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos, on the sidelines of the First Arab-European Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, the meeting touched on a number of regional and international files, foremost of which is the Palestinian cause, where the two sides agreed on the importance of concerted efforts to resolve the current stalemate in the peace process and settle the Palestinian issue.

On 19/2/2019, the Sultanate of Oman strongly condemned the terrorist bombing that took place near Al-Azhar Al-Sharif in Cairo, which resulted in several victims and injuries, and the statement issued by the Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs affirmed the Sultanate's stand and solidarity with sisterly Egypt against all acts of violence and terrorism.

On 11/2/2018, Musallam Al-Mashani, Deputy Speaker of the Arab Parliament and member of the State Council in Amman, visited Egypt, where he was received by Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, where the two sides discussed the latest developments in the Arab world, especially the situation in Yemen, Syria and Libya.

On 4/2/2018, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi paid a visit to Oman, during which he was received by Sultan Qaboos bin Said and senior officials in the Sultanate, and this visit is the first visit of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to the Sultanate since he assumed his duties, and the two sides discussed ways to enhance cooperation between the two countries in various fields.

On November 14, 2017, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met his Omani counterpart Yousuf Bin Alawi Bin Abdullah. The two sides discussed ways of cooperation between the two countries and issues of common concern.  Skoukry also handed over President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi's message to Sultan Qaboos .

On April 22, 2017, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met Yousef Bin Alawi Foreign Sultanate of Oman as part of his visit to Cairo, where the meeting dealt with various aspects of bilateral relations between the two countries, ways of strengthening them and the latest developments on the Arab arena .

On March 7, 2017, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with Omani Minister of Foreign Affairs Youssef bin Alawi on the sidelines of the Ministerial Meeting of the Council of the League of Arab States that was held in Cairo. Foreign Ministry Spokesman Ahmed Abu Zeid said that the Omani minister affirmed during the meeting that the Egyptian-Omani relations are the focus of the Arab region, which derive its strength from the historical dimension and the depth of the bilateral relations between the two countries .

On February 12, 2017, Deputy Premier of the State Council of Oman Dr. Ghaleb Al-Hinai visited Egypt. Ali Abdel-Al President of the House of Representatives met him .

On January 10, 2017, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri paid a visit to Oman. He was received by Sheikh Asaad bin Tariq bin Taymour Al Said, the personal representative of Sultan Qaboos Sultan of Oman, where he conveyed a verbal message from President Al Sisi to Sultan Qaboos .

On July 27 2015 Foreign Minister of the Sultanate of Oman, Yousuf Bin Alawi, visited Egypt and met with Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri. The two sides discussed bilateral relations and means of activating them in various fields.

On March 27, 2015, Personal Envoy of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Assad bin Tarek visited Egypt to attend the 26thsession of the Arab Summit, and he was met by President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi .

On December 7, 2014, Egyptian foreign minister Sameh Shoukry paid a visit to the Sultanate of Oman during which he met Omani Foreign Minister Yousef Bin Alawi, where they discussed bilateral relations and means of deepening them in various fields

Relations in the era of President Hosni Mubarak

Sultan Qaboos maintained good relations with President Hosni Mubarak, and his visits to Egypt during the Mubarak era were numerous, as did Mubarak's visits to Oman.

On 18/3/2009, former President Hosni Mubarak paid a visit to the Sultanate of Oman, during which he was accompanied by Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time and a number of ministers, and was received by Sultan Qaboos, where the two leaders discussed all matters that would open new horizons of bilateral cooperation between the two brotherly countries in various fields in addition to discussing the current developments on the Arab and international arenas.

On 3/2/1999, Sultan Qaboos paid an official visit to Egypt for several days, during which he held consultations with President Hosni Mubarak in the resort of Sharm El-Sheikh to discuss the most important Arab issues and also discussed the development of relations between the two countries and giving a strong impetus to trade and economic relations to a level that reflects the real potential of the two countries.

On 10/7/1996, Sultan Qaboos visited Egypt to coordinate with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on the preparation for the Arab Summit in Cairo from 21 to 23 July 1996, and also met with the Secretary-General of the Arab League at the time, Ismat Abdul Majeed, and President Hosni Mubarak stated that Sultan Qaboos "at the forefront of Arab leaders who believe in Arab reunification and the settlement of differences and rise above them in order to achieve the supreme Arab interest," and "purifying the Arab atmosphere" was the focus of Qaboos' talks, Secretary-General of the League of States The summit was attended by twenty Arab countries and was the first summit that brought together almost all Arab leaders since the summer of 1990.

On 19/5/1989, Sultan Qaboos visited Al-Azhar Mosque and performed Friday prayers in it accompanied by President Mubarak, and visited the Egyptian Opera House, and Sultan Qaboos rode with President Mubarak to the Cairo subway, which was considered a qualitative leap in transportation in the Middle East at that time, and the first subway in the Middle East and Africa. Sultan Qaboos named one of the main streets in Sharm el-Sheikh, where he sometimes spent his vacation, and where he had a private palace.

On 18/11/1984, Sultan Qaboos delivered a historic speech during the celebration on the occasion of the fourteenth National Day of the Sultanate, in which he said: "It has been proven throughout the stages of contemporary history that Egypt was the main element in building the Arab entity and ranks, and it never hesitated to sacrifice for it,  and to defend the causes of Arabs and Islam, and that it deserves all appreciation."

Sultan Qaboos maintained good relations with President Hosni Mubarak, and his visits to Egypt during the Mubarak era were numerous, as did Mubarak's visits to Oman.

On 18/3/2009, former President Hosni Mubarak paid a visit to the Sultanate of Oman, during which he was accompanied by Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time and a number of ministers, and was received by Sultan Qaboos, where the two leaders discussed all matters that would open new horizons of bilateral cooperation between the two brotherly countries in various fields in addition to discussing the current developments on the Arab and international arenas.

On 3/2/1999, Sultan Qaboos paid an official visit to Egypt for several days, during which he held consultations with President Hosni Mubarak in the resort of Sharm El-Sheikh to discuss the most important Arab issues and discussed the development of relations between the two countries and giving a strong impetus to trade and economic relations to a level that reflects the real potential of the two countries.

On 10/7/1996, Sultan Qaboos visited Egypt to coordinate with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on the preparation for the Arab Summit in Cairo from 21 to 23 July 1996, and also met with the Secretary-General of the Arab League at the time, Ismat Abdul Majeed, and President Hosni Mubarak stated that Sultan Qaboos "at the forefront of Arab leaders who believe in Arab reunification and the settlement of differences and rise above them in order to achieve the supreme Arab interest," and "purifying the Arab atmosphere" was the focus of Qaboos' talks, Secretary-General of the League of States The summit was attended by twenty Arab countries and was the first summit that brought together almost all Arab leaders since the summer of 1990.

On 19/5/1989, Sultan Qaboos visited Al-Azhar Mosque and performed Friday prayers in it accompanied by President Mubarak, and visited the Egyptian Opera House, and Sultan Qaboos rode with President Mubarak to the Cairo subway, which was considered a qualitative leap in transportation in the Middle East at that time, and the first subway in the Middle East and Africa. Sultan Qaboos named one of the main streets in Sharm el-Sheikh, where he sometimes spent his vacation, and where he had a private palace.

On 18/11/1984, Sultan Qaboos delivered a historic speech during the celebration on the occasion of the fourteenth National Day of the Sultanate, in which he said: "It has been proven throughout the stages of contemporary history that Egypt was the main element in building the Arab entity and ranks, and it never hesitated to sacrifice for it,  and to defend the causes of Arabs and Islam, and that it deserves all appreciation."

Relations in the era of President Mohamed Anwar Sadat

Sultan Qaboos had good relations with Egypt for 50 years, his tenure, which began under the late President Mohamed Anwar Sadat.

In the following points, we review the most important of these relations.

On 9/11/1977, when the late President Anwar Sadat decided on his initiative for peace with Israel and the signing of the Camp David Accords, the Arab countries took their decision to boycott Egypt, but Oman, refused to cut its relationship with Egypt, and Sultan Qaboos stated: Egypt does not boycott, isolate, or die because of its position,  and from the principle of his wise policy, His Majesty supported the Egyptian decision and its choice on the path to peace, stressing that it does not interfere in Egypt's policy, which seeks its interests, and also stressed the continuation of his unlimited political and economic support for Egypt until he wakes up The Arabs from their unjust decision that lasted from 1979 to 1989.

On 24/11/1973, the victorious commander Mohammed Anwar Sadat, wearing his military uniform, received at the airport, Sultan Qaboos bin Said, who got off his plane also wearing his military uniform, after the glorious October victory.

During the October War of 1973, Sultan Qaboos launched a historic initiative, when he issued a decree donating a quarter of the salaries of employees to support Egypt, while sending two Omani medical missions to Egypt.Sultan Qaboos, as everyone knows, is the only Arab leader who never severed ties with Egypt. Here, we remember the ambassador of the Sultanate of Oman who was killed with President Anwar Sadat in the famous podium incident on October 6, 1981.

Relations during the era of President Gamal Abdel Nasser

During the reign of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian-Omani relations during the rule of leader Gamal Abdel Nasser represent an important pivot on the Arab political arena, where the two countries have always sought a policy of establishing peace and stability regionally and internationally.

In 1959, Egypt supported and supported the Sultanate in its struggle to confront British colonialism, as part of Egypt's policy under leader Gamal Abdel Nasser aimed at combating Britain's incursion into the region.

During the tripartite aggression in 1956, Oman declared its support for Egypt, and when the Omanis learned about the tripartite aggression against Egypt, feelings of anger exploded throughout Oman, and hundreds of Omanis expressed their willingness to participate in Egypt's national struggle against the aggressors.

Economic relations

The Egyptian-Omani economic relations are witnessing great momentum, especially considering the belief of the political leadership in the two countries in the importance of developing and expanding the volume of joint relations between the two countries during the next stage.

The Egyptian-Omani economic relations are close and strategic, based on enhancing joint trade, industrial and investment cooperation between the two countries, and aimed at enhancing the economic growth rates of Egypt and Oman.

Trade Exchange

The data of the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) revealed in June 2022 that the value of trade exchange between Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman increased to reach $ 586.2 million during 2021 compared to $ 546.9 million during 2020, an increase of 7.2%, as :

The value of Egyptian exports to the Sultanate of Oman recorded $ 163.3 million during 2021 compared to $ 170.2 million during 2020, a decrease of 4.1%.

The value of Egyptian imports from the Sultanate of Oman reached $ 422.9 million during 2021 compared to $ 376.7 million during 2020, an increase of 12.3%.

The most important commodity groups exported by Egypt to the Sultanate of Oman during 2021

1.  Fruits worth $30 million.

2.  Prefabricated furniture and facilities worth $17.7 million.

3.  Machinery, appliances, and electrical equipment worth $16.3 million.

4.  Dairy and dairy products worth $15.3 million.

5.  Plastics and articles thereof worth $14.1 million.

The most important commodity groups imported by Egypt from the Sultanate of Oman during 2021

1.  Metal ores worth $325.9 million.

2.  Plastics and articles thereof worth $50.4 million.

3.  Fish worth $18.4 million.

4.  Aluminum and its articles worth $ 15.2 million.

5.  Organic chemical products worth $3.7 million.

The value of remittances of Egyptians working in the Sultanate of Oman recorded $ 162 million during the fiscal year 2020/2021 compared to $ 160.4 million during the fiscal year 2019/2020, an increase of 1%, while the value of remittances of Omanis working in Egypt reached $ 2.6 million during the fiscal year 2020/2021 compared to $ 3 million during the fiscal year 2019/2020,  a decrease of 15%.

The value of Omani investments in Egypt reached $ 68.8 million during the fiscal year 2020/2021 compared to $ 15.8 million during the fiscal year 2019/2020, an increase of 334.8%.

The most prominent milestones of economic relations between the two countries

On 7/2/2023, Dr. Hala Al-Saeed, Minister of Planning and Economic Development and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Sovereign Fund of Egypt, visited Oman, the Minister met with Dr. Saeed bin Muhammad Al-Saqri, Minister of Economy, Qais bin Muhammad Al-Yousef, Minister of Commerce, Industry and Investment Promotion, Abdul Salam bin Muhammad Al-Murshidi, Chairman of the Oman Investment Authority,  and Faisal bin Abdullah Al-Rawas, Chairman of the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry.Al-Saeed indicated that the Egyptian government gives priority to enhancing the role of the private sector in the Egyptian economy as the cornerstone of stimulating growth Continuing that the coming period, great emphasis will be placed on directing long-term investments in key sectors such as renewable energy,  water desalination, health, communications, information technology, industry, and agriculture, as well as providing incentives to enhance foreign direct investment links with local sectors, which contributes to creating greater value and enhancing the competitiveness of the economy, and about the Sovereign Fund of Egypt,

On 31/1/2023, the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development received an Omani delegation of faculty members - students of the tenth session of the Omani National Defense College, to review the role of the Ministry of Planning, the mechanisms of work in the ministry, and the most important projects and qualitative units.

On 24/11/2022, a delegation from the Muscat Stock Exchange headed by Mohamed Mahfouz Al-Ardhi, Chairman of the Board of Directors, and Haitham Salem Al-Salmi, CEO of the Muscat Stock Exchange, visited Egypt, and was received by Dr. Hala Al-Saeed, Minister of Planning and Economic Development.Al-Saeed reviewed the areas of work of the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development and the most important files and projects it supervises,  as well as the structural reforms program and its objectives to develop the Egyptian economy. Mohamed Mahfouz Al-Ardhi stressed the keenness of the Muscat Stock Exchange to expand cooperation with the Egyptian Stock Exchange, investment institutions and the government in the Republic of Egypt  and taking advantage of the available opportunities, due to the important economic development Egypt has been witnessing in recent years.

On 28/6/2022, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with representatives of the business community and heads of major companies in the Sultanate of Oman, with the participation of a number of senior Omani officials and representatives of various concerned government agencies, the meeting began with the screening of a documentary film on the march of development and economic achievements in Egypt in recent years,  as well as Dr. Hala Al-Saeed, Minister of Planning and Economic Development, reviewing the mechanisms and investment opportunities available in Egypt in all sectors.

On 28/5/2022, Dr. Assem El-Gazzar, Minister of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities, met with Ambassador Abdullah bin Nasser Al-Rahbi, Ambassador of the Sultanate of Oman to Egypt, and Eng. Hamad bin Ali Al-Nizwani, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Planning in the Sultanate of Oman, to present the urban experience witnessed by the Egyptian state,  in various fields. The Minister of Housing reviewed the efforts made by the Egyptian state under the leadership of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, to achieve an unprecedented urban renaissance in the history of the Egyptian state, in various fields, within the framework of implementing the outputs of the National Strategic Plan for Urban Development "Egypt 2052".

On 21/3/2022, Ambassador Khaled Rady, Ambassador of Egypt to the Sultanate of Oman, met with the Minister of Trade, Industry and Investment Promotion of the Sultanate of Oman, Qais Al-Yousef, the meeting discussed ways to enhance economic and investment relations between the two countries, commensurate with the level of cooperation between them in various fields and achieve the interests of their brotherly peoples,  the two sides stressed during the meeting the importance of encouraging the private sector to contribute to supporting the development process and activating the trade movement between the two countries, and agreed to provide all forms of support from the concerned authorities to achieve this purpose, They also agreed to continue work and coordination during the coming period to advance the movement of bilateral trade and mutual investments between the two sides.

On 8/9/2021, Nevine Gamea, Minister of Trade and Industry, confirmed during the meeting held by the Minister with members of the Egyptian-Omani Business Council from both sides following the first meeting of the Council after its restructuring, in the presence of Eng. Reda bin Juma Al Saleh, Chairman of the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry,  Ambassador Mohamed Fahmy Ghoneim, Ambassador of Egypt to the Sultanate of Oman, Ahmed bin Alawi, Chairman of the Omani side of the Egyptian-Omani Business Council, and Dr. Ahmed Maghawry, Head of Commercial Representation, the Ministry's keenness to strengthen the bonds of economic cooperation between Egypt And the Sultanate of Oman, especially in light of the consensus of visions and brotherly relations between the political leadership and the governments of the two countries,  pointing to the importance of translating these strong relations into major projects that benefit the Egyptian and Omani economies, meet the aspirations of the two brotherly peoples and create more job opportunities.

On 6/8/2021, Nevine Gamea, Minister of Trade and Industry, met with Abdullah Al-Rahbi, Ambassador of the Sultanate of Oman in Cairo, where the two sides discussed ways to enhance cooperation between the two countries in various fields, foremost of which is industrial and trade cooperation.

On 16/11/2019, Eng. Amr Nassar, Minister of Trade and Industry, visited the Sultanate of Oman to participate in the inauguration of the Egyptian-Omani Joint Business Council, Nassar met during the visit with Dr. Ali bin Masoud Al-Sunaidi, Omani Minister of Commerce, the meeting discussed ways of cooperation between the two sides in the industrial fields, especially in the field of establishing and managing industrial zones and cities,  and industrial training for Omani technicians in Egypt through the Industrial Development Authority, as agreed during the joint meeting held between the Authority and a delegation from the Corporation General of Oman Industrial Estates  .

On 19/4/2019, Eng. Amr Nassar, Minister of Trade and Industry, confirmed that Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman are linked by strategic and distinguished bilateral relations in various fields, and at various political, economic and cultural levels, pointing out that there is full agreement between the officials of the two countries on the importance of making a qualitative leap in the level of joint economic relations,  which will reflect positively on the movement of bilateral trade and joint investments between the two countries.

On 17/5/2017, bilateral meetings were held in Cairo between Omani and Egyptian companies with the aim of enhancing trade exchange between the two countries, organized by the Public Authority for Investment Promotion and Export Development of Oman, the Sultanate's Embassy in Cairo and the Egyptian company "ibis" specialized in the field of business management and investment services.

On 17/1/2017, Sultan Qaboos directed his government to facilitate the obstacles facing Egyptian workers in the Sultanate, and ordered the Sultan to study the projects offered by the Egyptian side for their establishment in Egypt, and to allocate $ 250 million for investments in Egypt.

In 2015, Sultan Qaboos bin Said's representative at the economic conference in Sharm el-Sheikh announced support to Egypt with $ 500 million in solidarity, and a contribution to supporting and developing the Egyptian economy with $ 250 million in support of financial liquidity, and 250 million direct investments.

On March 13, 2015 Prime Minister of Oman Yahiya Bin Mahfouz Al-Manthzari visited Egypt to attend a conference on the support and development of  the Egyptian economy .

Tourism Cooperation

On 13/10/2022, the Ambassador of the Sultanate of Oman in Cairo, Abdullah bin Nasser Al-Rahbi, stressed the importance of tourism cooperation between his country and Egypt, pointing to the importance of exchanging experiences in this regard, as he pointed out that the Sultanate of Oman is currently moving in its new renaissance.

On 23/1/2022, Amr El-Kady, CEO of the Egyptian General Authority for Tourism Promotion, participated in the opening session of the Egyptian-Omani Joint Committee, and the CEO of the Authority met with officials of the Omani Ministry of Tourism, where they exchanged some proposals and ideas to stimulate Omani tourism to Egypt and push cooperation between the two countries in the field of tourism and antiquities and benefit from Egypt's great experience in the field of tourism, and it was agreed to set a visit for some Omani officials to Cairo to complete the discussion and discuss aspects of joint cooperation according to the program  Executive that was signed.

On 23/4/2019, Oman Air held a press conference in Alexandria, which opened the conference with a welcome speech delivered by Jaafar Al Lawati, Regional Vice President for the Middle East and Africa at Oman Air and announced the launch of the first direct inaugural flight from Alexandria to the Sultanate of Oman on 30 May 2019 as an initiative to stimulate tourism between the two countries.

health

On 8/12/2022, Ambassador Khaled Rady, Ambassador of Egypt to Oman, met with Dr. Hilal bin Ali Al-Sabti, Omani Minister of Health, the meeting discussed ways to strengthen relations in the field of health between the two brotherly countries, and Egypt's readiness to share its distinguished medical capabilities and expertise with the Sultanate, in order to serve Oman Vision 2040,  as well as the desire to enhance cooperation in various health fields between the two countries, in addition to looking forward to the visit of the Omani Minister of Health and officials concerned with the medical sector to Egypt at the earliest possible opportunity to exchange experiences in this Important area.

On 27/11/2022, Dr. Khaled Abdel Ghaffar, Minister of Health and Population, visited Oman to participate in the Third Global Ministerial Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance, and also met with his Omani counterpart, Dr. Hilal Al-Sabti, on the sidelines of the conference, the two sides discussed exchanging experiences in the field of combating the irrational use of antimicrobials,  confronting health crises, pandemics, and epidemiological surveillance, as well as cooperation in training medical personnel in the two countries, as well as cooperation between research centers. He added that the minister reviewed the pioneering experiences of the Egyptian state in combating communicable and non-communicable diseases through presidential initiatives in the field of public health.

On 2/3/2016, Dr. Majdi Yaqoub participated during his visit to the Sultanate in the sixteenth edition of the Advanced Medicine Conference organized by Sultan Qaboos University, in cooperation with the Ministry of Health and the Oman Board for Medical Specializations.

On 19/5/2016, Dr. Mohammed Fathallah, First Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health, discussed with Dr. Mohammed bin Saif bin Sultan Al Hosani, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Health for Health Affairs in the Sultanate of Oman, ways to enhance health cooperation between the two countries and aspects of bilateral cooperation between the two brotherly countries in the health fields and ways to enhance them,  especially with regard to the exchange of medical expertise and training fields in various medical specialties.

Communications & Information Technology

On 20/1/2023, Dr. Sherif Farouk, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Egypt Post, received Nasr Al-Busaidi, Vice President of the Post in the Sultanate of Oman, and Ahmed Al-Ameri, Director of International Affairs and National Coordinator of the Universal Postal Union of the Sultanate of Oman, this meeting came to discuss opportunities for joint cooperation between Egypt Post and Oman Post,  where the meeting dealt with presenting opportunities for joint cooperation between the two countries and how to increase them, in addition to discussing developments in postal work at the regional and international levels, for his part, Aban Nasr Al-Busaidi, Vice President of the Sultanate of Oman Post Oman Post seeks to open the horizons of cooperation with Egypt Post.

On 17/6/2022, Ambassador Khaled Rady, Ambassador of Egypt to the Sultanate of Oman, met with the Minister of Transport, Communications and Information Technology, Saeed Al-Maawali, the meeting discussed ways to enhance relations between the two brotherly countries in the sectors of transport, communications and information technology, in light of the multiple opportunities available in the two countries in these fields,  the two sides discussed the importance of coordination and exchange of experiences in the ICT sector, and the two sides agreed on the importance of enhancing mutual visits, and encouraging participation in international events organized by the two sides in this sector.

Cultural and educatio

On 4/2/2018, during President Sisi's visit to Oman, he toured the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, the Royal Opera House, and the Sultan's Armed Forces Museum, during which he recorded a speech in the VIP guestbook, in which he expressed his admiration for the wonderful designs and architecture of the mosque.

On 1/2/2018, the Ministry of Culture held a seminar on the mutual relations between the Egyptian and Omani cultures, within the activities of Luxor, Capital of Arab Culture, at the Luxor Culture Palace, in which many cultural symbols from the Sultanate of Oman and Egypt participated.

On 31/1/2018, the Supreme Council of Culture organized a seminar on Egyptian-Omani cultural relations, at the Luxor Culture Palace, as part of the Arab Culture Pioneers Program organized by the Supreme Council of Culture monthly, in celebration of Luxor as the capital of Arab culture.

On 9/7/2017, the Supreme Council of Culture in Cairo hosted an introductory meeting about the Sultan Qaboos Award for Culture, Arts and Literature, and Ain Shams University hosted another meeting about the award, its definition, objectives, standards, special requirements for each field, and ensuring that the idea of the award reaches those interested. The Sultan Qaboos Award for Culture, Arts and Literature is an annual award, which is awarded periodically every two years, so that it is discretionary in one year in which Arabs compete in general, and in another year for Omanis only, so that the award is an indicator of the cultural, artistic and literary situation at the local and Arab levels.

On 4/2/2018, during President Sisi's visit to Oman, he toured the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, the Royal Opera House, and the Sultan's Armed Forces Museum, during which he recorded a speech in the VIP guestbook, in which he expressed his admiration for the wonderful designs and architecture of the mosque.

On 1/2/2018, the Ministry of Culture held a seminar on the mutual relations between the Egyptian and Omani cultures, within the activities of Luxor, Capital of Arab Culture, at the Luxor Culture Palace, in which many cultural symbols from the Sultanate of Oman and Egypt participated.

On 31/1/2018, the Supreme Council of Culture organized a seminar on Egyptian-Omani cultural relations, at the Luxor Culture Palace, as part of the Arab Culture Pioneers Program organized by the Supreme Council of Culture monthly, in celebration of Luxor as the capital of Arab culture.

On 9/7/2017, the Supreme Council of Culture in Cairo hosted an introductory meeting about the Sultan Qaboos Award for Culture, Arts and Literature, and Ain Shams University hosted another meeting about the award, its definition, objectives, standards, special requirements for each field, and ensuring that the idea of the award reaches those interested. The Sultan Qaboos Award for Culture, Arts and Literature is an annual award, which is awarded periodically every two years, so that it is discretionary in one year in which Arabs compete in general, and in another year for Omanis only, so that the award is an indicator of the cultural, artistic, and literary situation at the local and Arab levels.

On 21-27/3/2016, Egyptian participation in Muscat Film Festival.

On 23/9/2015, the Egyptian exhibition "Clones and Treasures of Egyptian Cinema" was inaugurated at the headquarters of the Omani Cinema Association in Muscat, under the patronage of Ambassador Mohammed bin Salem Al Said, Head of the Protocol Department at the Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and in the presence of Egyptian Ambassador Sabri Magdy Sabri.

On 20/4/2015, the Attaché at the Embassy of Amman in Cairo organized a cultural symposium entitled "Omani Cultural Day", at Zagazig University, within the framework of the continuous cooperation between the Attaché, cultural institutions and universities in Egypt, in cooperation with the Institute of Asian Studies at Zagazig University.

Manpower

On 21/9/2022, Dr. Saleh Al-Sheikh, President of the Central Agency for Organization and Administration, received His Excellency Dr. Mohad bin Saeed Baawain, Minister of Labor of the Sultanate of Oman, and his accompanying delegation, to see the Egyptian experience in conducting central competitions for employment in the administrative apparatus of the state, and inspected the work of the examination work for applicants (from the governorates of Damietta and Fayoum) to fill the positions of  (assistant teacher) at the Ministry of Education and Technical Education, and the head of the agency welcomed his brother, Dr. Mohad bin Said, and his accompanying delegation in their second country, Egypt, praising the close relations between the Sultanate of Oman and the Arab Republic of Egypt's leadership, government and people, stressing that this meeting is an extension of the bonds of brotherhood and cooperation between the two countries with ancient civilizations and history.

On 9/1/2020, Dr. Saleh Al-Sheikh, President of the Central Agency for Organization and Administration, visited the Sultanate of Oman at the head of a high-level delegation, during which discussions were held between the Omani Ministry of Civil Service and the Central Agency for Organization and Administration.

On 24/10/2019, the Egyptian-Omani bilateral technical committee concluded its work in Cairo, in implementation of the technical cooperation program in the fields of manpower between Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman, and the Minister of Manpower announced that the meetings of the joint committee stressed the need to enhance cooperation in the field of occupational safety and health and benefit from the experiences gained in this field between the two parties,  and push bilateral relations in the fields of manpower to broader horizons.

Parliamentary Cooperation

On 30/1/2023, Counselor Ahmed Manna, Secretary General of the House of Representatives, received a military delegation from the Sultanate of Oman from faculty members and students of the tenth session of the Oman National Defense College.  For their part, the members of the Omani military delegation thanked Counselor Ahmed Manna, Secretary General of the House of Representatives and the Egyptian House of Representatives, for  receiving them on that visit to the headquarters of the Council, which comes within the framework of their desire to see the role of the House of Representatives within the framework of the Egyptian political system,  and after the end of the meeting, the House of Representatives organized a tour for the Omani military delegation in During that tour, the Omani military delegation listened to a detailed explanation about the nature of the work of the House of Representatives and the history of the ancient Egyptian parliamentary life, which dates back to more than 150 years,  * The Omani military delegation also attended part of the work of the plenary session of the House of Representatives.

On 22/1/2023, Counselor Dr. Hanafi Jabali received the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Khalid bin Hilal bin Nasser Al-Maawali, Speaker of the Omani Shura Council, bin Hilal stressed the desire of the Omani side to promote Omani investments in Egypt, as well as the desire to enhance parliamentary cooperation in the interest of the two countries and their peoples.

On 30/1/2023, Counselor Ahmed Manna, Secretary General of the House of Representatives, received a military delegation from the Sultanate of Oman from faculty members and students of the tenth session of the Oman National Defense College.  For their part, the members of the Omani military delegation thanked Counselor Ahmed Manna, Secretary General of the House of Representatives and the Egyptian House of Representatives, for  receiving them on that visit to the headquarters of the Council, which comes within the framework of their desire to see the role of the House of Representatives within the framework of the Egyptian political system,  and after the end of the meeting, the House of Representatives organized a tour for the Omani military delegation in During that tour, the Omani military delegation listened to a detailed explanation about the nature of the work of the House of Representatives and the history of the ancient Egyptian parliamentary life, which dates back to more than 150 years,  * The Omani military delegation also attended part of the work of the plenary session of the House of Representatives.

On 22/1/2023, Counselor Dr. Hanafi Jabali received the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Khalid bin Hilal bin Nasser Al-Maawali, Speaker of the Omani Shura Council, bin Hilal stressed the desire of the Omani side to promote Omani investments in Egypt, as well as the desire to enhance parliamentary cooperation in the interest of the two countries and their peoples.

Military relations

The relations between Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman always provide, at various stages and circumstances, a good and high model for relations between brothers, and the mutual appreciation and respect on which they are based, trust, clarity and keenness on everything that serves peace and stability in the region.

Military visits and maneuvers

 On 25/12/2022, His Excellency Lieutenant General Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Numani, Minister of the Royal Office, received in his office today, Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa, Commander of the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, during the meeting, a number of matters of interest were discussed, a number of areas of joint cooperation between the two brotherly countries were discussed,  and a number of regional and international issues of interest to both sides were discussed.

On 25/12/2022, Major General Matar bin Salem Al Balushi, Commander of the Royal Army of Oman, received in his office at Al-Alia Camp, Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa, Commander of the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and his accompanying military delegation, which is currently visiting the Sultanate of Oman, the Commander of the Royal Army of Oman welcomed the Commander of the Egyptian Naval Forces and his accompanying delegation,  and during the meeting, views were exchanged, and a number of military issues of common interest were discussed. The meeting was attended by Rear Admiral Saif bin Nasser Al Rahbi, Commander of the Royal Navy of Oman, and the Defense Attaché at the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Muscat.

On 25/12/2022, Rear Admiral Saif bin Nasser Al Rahbi, Commander of the Royal Navy of Oman, received in his office at Al-Alia Camp, Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa, Commander of the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and his accompanying military delegation, and during the meeting, a number of topics were reviewed that would work to develop the existing military relations between the Royal Navy of Oman and the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, in addition to exchanging views on a number of matters of common interest, especially in the fields Marine.

On 25/12/2022, His Excellency Dr. Mohammed bin Nasser Al Zaabi, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Defense, received in his office in Al-Alia Camp, Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa, Commander of the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and the accompanying military delegation, during the meeting, they reviewed the good relations between the two friendly countries,  and exchanged views on a number of matters of common interest. The meeting was attended by Rear Admiral Saif bin Nasser Al Rahbi, Commander of the Royal Navy of Oman, and the Defense Attaché at the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Muscat, and Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa visited the Sultan's Armed Forces Museum in Bait Al Falaj Castle, and at the end of the visit,  the visiting guest recorded a speech in which he expressed his pleasure at what he saw of the ancient military heritage, and the rich cultural heritage of the Sultanate of Oman and the manifestations of progress and development. On 25/12/2022, Rear Admiral Saif bin Nasser Al Rahbi, Commander of the Royal Navy of Oman, received in his office at Al-Alia Camp, Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa, Commander of the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and his accompanying military delegation, and during the meeting, a number of topics were reviewed that would work to develop the existing military relations between the Royal Navy of Oman and the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, in addition to exchanging views on a number of matters of common interest, especially in the fields Marine.

On 25/12/2022, His Excellency Dr. Mohammed bin Nasser Al Zaabi, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Defense, received in his office in Al-Alia Camp, Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa, Commander of the Naval Forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and the accompanying military delegation, during the meeting, they reviewed the good relations between the two friendly countries,  and exchanged views on a number of matters of common interest. The meeting was attended by Rear Admiral Saif bin Nasser Al Rahbi, Commander of the Royal Navy of Oman, and the Defense Attaché at the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Muscat, and Lieutenant General Ashraf Ibrahim Atwa visited the Sultan's Armed Forces Museum in Bait Al Falaj Castle, and at the end of the visit,  the visiting guest recorded a speech in which he expressed his pleasure at what he saw of the ancient military heritage, and the rich cultural heritage of the Sultanate of Oman and the manifestations of progress and development.

On 16/4/2018, the Gulf Shield exercise: It was held in Saudi Arabia and is the largest military exercise in the region ever, both in terms of the number of troops and participating countries, which reached 25 countries, including Egypt and Oman, or in terms of the diversity of their expertise and the quality of their weapons.

On 5/2/2018, during President Sisi's visit to the Sultanate of Oman, he visited the Sultan's Armed Forces Museum, which documents Oman's military history from the pre-Islamic period to the Renaissance, displays the achievements of the Omani Armed Forces, and highlights the stages of their development through the ages until the modern era, and the military level and distinguished capabilities they have reached.

On 12/11/2017, General Sidqi Sobhi, Minister of Defense and Military Production and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, visited Muscat, on his way to India, where he met with Badr bin Saud bin Harib Al Busaidi, Omani Minister responsible for Defense Affairs, and during the meeting, they reviewed the areas of military cooperation between the two brotherly countries,  and discussed several matters of common interest.

On 7/4/2015, the Chief of Staff of the Sultan's Armed Forces in the Sultanate of Oman, Lieutenant General Ahmed bin Harith Al Nabhani, met at Muscat International Airport with the Minister of Defense, Lieutenant General Sedki Sobhi and the accompanying military delegation during his stop in the Sultanate of Oman, while heading to Pakistan, during the meeting,  they exchanged views, and discussed a number of matters of common interest, and the process of military cooperation between the two countries.

Cooperation in the field of youth and sports

On April 9, 2017, Minister of Sports Affairs in Oman, Chairman of the Executive Office of the Council of Arab Youth and Sports Sheikh Saad Bin Mohammed Saeed Al-Mardouf Al-Saadi and his accompanying delegation visited Egypt to attend the Arab Fund for Youth and Sports activities at the headquarters of the League of Arab States. Egyptian Minister of Youth and Sports Khalid Abdul Aziz met him. The two sides discussed ways of cooperation between the two countries .

2021 Cooperation agreements between Omani and Egyptian companies in several fields, most notably:

The Omani side signed a cooperation protocol with "Sunrise Resorts and Floating Hotels Management Company" and "Elite International Project Management Company representing Al-Nakheel Factories for Modern Irrigation Systems, Megagreen Factories for Plastic Industries" and "Al-Pharaoniya Company for Consulting and Support for Small and Medium Enterprises".

Oman Air, the national airline of the Sultanate, and EgyptAir have signed a codeshare agreement between the two carriers as part of the expansion of their network. Under the agreement, EgyptAir passengers will benefit from additional connections with the ability to travel through Oman Air's network to many destinations in Asia, while EgyptAir will give passengers on board Oman Air the ability to fly on direct EgyptAir flights between Muscat and Cairo and to a number of its domestic points such as Sharm El Sheikh,  Luxor, Aswan and Hurghada, in addition to its flights to Casablanca, Morocco.

The Omani-Egyptian Business Council agreed on the possibility of discussing between the governments of the two countries to establish a company, fund or bank between the two sides worth 100 million US dollars to develop investment exchange and complete the legal aspects of the agreements signed between the two countries to facilitate trade exchange, ensure investment rights and activate the double taxation avoidance agreement.

The two sides signed memorandums of understanding and executive programs in the following fields: a memorandum of understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Sultanate of Oman and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Arab Republic of Egypt regarding political consultations, a memorandum of understanding in the field of housing and urban development,  a memorandum of understanding for cooperation in the field of media, an executive program for an agreement on cooperation in the legal and judicial fields, an executive program in the field of tourism, and an executive program between the Ministry of Education in the Sultanate of Oman and the Ministry of Education and Technical Education in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Signing an agreement for cooperation between the Institute of Veterinary Serums and Vaccines and the Oman National Company for Veterinary Vaccines in the field of producing veterinary vaccines and enhancing food security.

On 9/1/2020, a cooperation protocol between the Omani Ministry of Civil Service and the Central Agency for Organization and Administration.

On 4/9/2019 a memorandum of understanding in the field of oil and natural gas and the exchange of experiences and technologies in addition to cooperation and investment in the various fields of oil and gas industry.

 On 20/3/2019 Memorandum of Understanding between Egypt and the Sultanate of Oman in the field of environmental protection

On 18/3/2019, the signing of memoranda of understanding and executive programs, on the sidelines of the Omani-Egyptian Joint Committee in its fourteenth session in Muscat, which included the following areas:

Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Health in the Sultanate of Oman and the Ministry of Health in Egypt.

An executive program between the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs in Oman and the Ministry of Environment in Egypt for the years 2019-2020.

An executive program between the Ministry of Education in Amman and the Ministry of Education in Egypt for the years 2019-2020.

An executive program between the Ministry of Manpower in Oman and the Ministry of Manpower in Egypt for the years 2019-2020.

A cooperation program between Egypt and Oman in the field of standards, metrology, quality and mutual recognition of conformity certificates for non-food industrial goods.

2017 Agreement on joint investments and access to African markets.

2016Memorandum of Understanding in the field of tourism.

2014 Memorandum of Understanding in the field of administrative development, training and development, consulting, career planning, exchange of laws and legislation regulating human resources, modern technology and mechanisms used in measuring the return of training and administrative development.

On 15/5/2014 a memorandum of understanding for media cooperation between the Government of the Sultanate of Oman, represented by the Omani Ministry of Information, and the Egyptian government, represented by the State Information Service.

In 2009, a memorandum of cooperation in the field of environmental protection.

2004 Memorandum of Understanding between Muscat Securities Market and Cairo and Alexandria Stock Exchanges.

2001Memorandum of Understanding in the field of export development and another in the field of agriculture.

1998 Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation and Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of Investments.

1999 A working agreement for cooperation in the field of standards, and another in the establishment of the Egyptian-Omani Business Council and a work program for tourism cooperation.

In 1983 a media cooperation protocol.

In 1974 a cultural agreement between the two countries.

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