09 August 2022 08:50 AM

The Ninth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption

Monday، 13 December 2021 - 11:33 AM

The Arab Republic of Egypt hosts the ninth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, from December 13 to 17, 2021 in Sharm El Sheikh, with the participation of 144 countries around the world.



The Conference, which is held once every two years, is one of the world's largest anti-corruption gatherings and brings together people from Member States, parliaments, inter-governmental organizations, civil society and the private sector. The conference will review of the implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption, the only legally binding universal anti-corruption instrument and discuss preventing corruption, improved international cooperation to better tackle corruption and asset recovery.

This is only the second COSP taking place in Africa. Around 2,700 participants from governments, regional and intergovernmental organizations, civil society, academia, and the private sector are expected to participate in Egypt or online.

This year, 2021, has been a landmark year for global anti-corruption action. In June, the world came together at the first United Nations General Assembly special session against corruption (UNGASS), adopting a strong political declaration to step up anti-corruption action and accelerate implementation of the UN Convention against Corruption – the only legally-binding universal instrument against this crime.

Every two years, the States parties to the Convention meet to review the implementation of the Convention and to discuss how States can better tackle corruption. Among the topics to be discussed at the ninth session are prevention, asset recovery and international cooperation, as well as topical issues like beneficial ownership and how to take forward the commitments in the political declaration of the special session of the General Assembly against corruption.

The United Nations Convention against Corruption

The Convention came into force in December 2005 and has reached almost universal adherence, having been ratified by almost all United Nations Member States, with 189 States parties. The newest UN Member States to join are Somalia and Suriname.

Under the Convention, States are legally obliged to prevent and criminalize corruption; to promote international cooperation; to recover and return stolen assets; and to improve technical assistance and information exchange in both the private and public sectors.

Criminalization of corruption

The Convention requires States to criminalize a wide range of acts of corruption, including not only classic acts of corruption such as bribery and the embezzlement of public funds, but also trading in influence, abuse of functions, and the concealment and laundering of the proceeds of corruption. Private sector corruption is also covered.

Preventing corruption

Effective measures to prevent corruption are vital to ensure public trust, the effectiveness of institutions and sustainable development. The entire chapter II of the Convention is dedicated to preventing corruption with measures directed at both the public and private sectors, ranging from the establishment of anti-corruption bodies to enhanced transparency in the financing of election campaigns and political parties. States should promote efficient and transparent recruitment based on merit, as well as codes of conduct for public officials together with requirements for their financial and conflict of interest disclosures, and the establishment of appropriate disciplinary measures for public officials who do not adhere to these measures. Preventing corruption also requires the involvement of society as a whole including non-governmental and community-based organizations.

International cooperation

States are bound by the Convention to afford one another the widest range of mutual legal assistance in investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings. States have agreed to cooperate with one another in a variety of criminal matters related to corruption and are required to undertake measures which will support the tracing, freezing, seizure and confiscation of the proceeds of corruption.

Asset recovery

The return of stolen assets is a fundamental principle of the Convention, and States must fully cooperate with each other to turn the provisions of the Convention into a reality. The mandatory return of assets to their country of origin in the case of the embezzlement of public funds was a novelty at the time of the adoption of the Convention, and some progress can be seen in the form of successful returns of assets on the basis of the Convention.

While corruption is a global phenomenon, asset recovery is particularly important for many developing countries where national wealth has been decimated by corruption and where resources are badly needed to finance sustainable development. Effective asset recovery supports efforts to redress the worst effects of corruption while also sending a message to corrupt officials that there will be no place to hide their illicit assets.

How the Convention works

Through the Convention’s Implementation Review Mechanism, States parties have agreed to participate in a process which assesses how they are living up to their obligations under the Convention. This peer review process aims to identify good practices and challenges in national anti-corruption laws, processes and institutional frameworks.

The first review cycle which started in 2010, covered the chapters of the Convention on criminalization and law enforcement, and on international cooperation. The second cycle of reviews started in 2015 and covers the chapters on preventive measures and asset recovery.

Following observations made during the review process, many States have taken various measures to strengthen their anti-corruption framework. Such steps include the creation of new legislation, new and independent anti-corruption authorities, active engagement of the private sector, an open dialogue with civil society or improving their asset recovery frameworks.

States parties have reiterated their support for the review mechanism and reaffirmed the positive role it plays promoting the implementation of the Convention. One element of its success is the willingness of States to share their experiences and learn from each other.

Since its beginning in 2010, there have been 230 executive summaries and almost 200 country reviews completed. The executive summaries are published as official United Nations documents in its six official languages.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on the pace of the reviews, in particular the country visits. Further delays are expected because of the accession of additional States parties to the Convention which have yet to be reviewed under both cycles of the review mechanism. While the period to complete the second cycle has been extended until 2024, significant efforts will need to be undertaken to complete the cycle within the extended time frame.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime’s action against corruption

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) provides technical assistance and training to support States in implementing the Convention. Through its Global Programme against Corruption and its extensive field presence, UNODC is supporting 116 countries

UNODC serves as the secretariat of a new powerful global tool in the fight against corruption, the GlobE Network. This was conceived during Saudi Arabia’s Presidency of the G20 and the first G20 Anti-Corruption Ministerial Meeting in 2020 and launched at the UNGASS in June. The network aims to improve direct cooperation between countries’ law enforcement authorities, in line with a key provision of the UN Convention against Corruption.

The Global Operational Network of Anti-Corruption Law Enforcement Authorities (GlobE Network) links up anti-corruption law enforcement authorities to facilitate investigations and prosecution through cross-border cooperation and information-sharing and leave no safe haven for corruption. So far, 79 anti-corruption law enforcement authorities from 47 countries have joined. The long-term goal is universal membership by all UN Member States.

Together with the World Bank, UNODC established the joint Stolen Assets Recovery (StAR) Initiative which has been providing assistance to States since 2007 to support the recovery of stolen assets and international efforts to end safe havens for corrupt funds and illicit financial flows. In 2021 until September, 17 countries received assistance and more than 900 people were trained by the StAR Initiative.

It is worth mentioning that Egypt acceded to the Convention in December 2003, out of its belief in the importance of international cooperation to prevent corrupt practices around the world.

Previous Sessions of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption

First session

The First session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Amman, 10-14 December 2006)

Second session

The Second session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Nusa Dua, Indonesia, 28 January-1 February 2008)

Third session

The Third session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Doha, 9-13 November 2009)

Fourth session

The Fourth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Marrakech, 24 to 28 October 2011)

Fifth session

Fifth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Panama City, 25 to 29 November 2013)

Sixth session

The Sixth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (St. Petersburg, 2 to 6 November 2015)

Seventh session

The Seventh session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Vienna, 6 to 10 November 2017)

 Eighth session

The Eighth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (Abu Dhabi, 16-20 December 2019)

Activities
Day 1 

13/12/2021



The ninth session of the Conference of States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption kicked off on Monday morning 12/13/2021 in Sharm El-Sheikh, in the presence of Prime Minister Dr. Mustafa Madbouly, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)  Ghada Wali, in addition to the Ministers of Justice, Planning and International Cooperation, Immigration, Local development and Solidarity, as well as governors, heads of agencies and bodies, and officials of the concerned authorities.

The conference was, also, attended by attended by 5 heads of state, who gave their speeches via video conference. This is in addition to 50 ministers, 30 of whom attended in person, 30 heads of anti-corruption bodies, , as well as 268 international civil society organizations that have consultative status at the United Nations, 257 ordinary NGOs, and 47 research centers, with a total of about 2,700 participants.

Before the beginning of the opening session, a ceremony of hoisting the flag of the United Nations and the flag of the Arab Republic of Egypt took place at the headquarters of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption in its ninth session at the International Conference Center in Sharm El Sheikh.

The flags were hoisted by Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, Prime Minister, and Dr. Ghada Wali, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

After that, the opening session of the conference began with a speech by Dr. Harib Al-Amimi, President of the eighth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption. He spoke about the importance of the first “Special session of the General Assembly against corruption”, during which a political  resolution  was adopted to intensify anti-corruption measures and to accelerate the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

Then, Dr. Harib Al-Amimi announced the election of Major General Engineer Hassan Abdel Shafi, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, as the new president of the conference in its ninth session.

Afterwards, Major General Hassan Abdel Shafi, President of the Ninth Session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, delivered a speech in which he expressed his welcome to all attendees at the Conference of the States Parties in the City of Peace on the dear land of Egypt, the cradle of civilization and history.

He expressed his thanks and appreciation for their trust and his election as president of the ninth session of the conference. He, also, expressed his appreciation to Dr. Harib Al-Amimi, President of the State Audit Institution of the United Arab Emirates (SAIUAE), stressing that this conference is an important platform for consultation and exchange of experiences with the aim of protecting our peoples, and striving to change our world for the better no matter how many challenges we face.

A documentary video was screened displaying Egypt's role in combating and confronting corruption, followed by the recorded speeches of the President of the United Nations General Assembly, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization.



Then, Dr. Ghada Wali, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), delivered a speech in which she congratulated Major General Engineer Hassan Abdel Shafi, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, on his election as President of the ninth session of the Conference of States Parties. She also thanked Dr. Harib Al-Amimi, President of the State Audit Institution of the United Arab Emirates (SAIUAE), for his efforts during his presidency of the eighth session of the conference, pointing to the great importance of the Conference of the States Parties.

Then, Prime Minister Dr. Mostafa Madbouly, delivered a speech. At the outset of his speech, Madbouly welcoming the heads of delegations of the states party to the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

Dr. Mostafa Madbouly indicated that corruption constitutes one of the obstacles against achieving sustainable development. He, also, noted that the 2014 Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt includes articles in which the state obligates its agencies to fight corruption.

The Prime Minister also indicated that over the past years, the Egyptian state has worked hard to enhance social protection, which is clearly embodied in Takaful and Karama (Solidarity and Dignity) program, which the number of beneficiaries reached about 3.8 million families in 2021.

Dr. Mostafa Madbouly concluded his speech by expressing his sincere wishes for the success of the ninth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption.



Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly, also, inspected the Administrative Control Authority pavilion located at the International Conference Center in Sharm El Sheikh, on the sidelines of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, accompanied by a number of ministers, the Governor of South Sinai, the Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, and a number of officials of the concerned authorities.

Major General Amr Adel, Deputy Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, delivered a speech in the plenary session in his capacity as head of the Egyptian delegation, in which he stressed that Egypt has been keen, since its accession to the United Nations Convention against Corruption in 2005, to adopt a consistent approach based on the continuous development of its efforts and support for international action to keep pace with the Convention. He pointed out that this was confirmed by the first and second periodic review reports.

Day 2

14/12/2021



On the sidelines of the conference, Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, met with Charles Deuchene, Head of the French Anti-Corruption Authority.

The meeting discussed ways of future cooperation between the two sides concerning issues of common interest, preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, in addition to exchanging experts and expertise between the two sides. It, also, discussed ways of cooperation in the field of training, particularly on the use of the latest means of detecting and investigating corruption crimes



The two sides, also, agreed that the National Anti-Corruption Academy affiliated to the Administrative Control Authority would seek the assistance of French experts to train cadres in counterpart bodies in the African continent.



Mr. Khalid AbdulRahman, Deputy head of the Administrative Control Authority for the affairs of
the National Anti Corruption Academy met with Mr. Tan Sri Azam Baki, Chairman of the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC).

The meeting discussed ways of cooperation between the two sides in the fields of preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, exchanging expertise between the two sides, and exchanging information in the field of combating corruption crimes within the framework of cooperation between the Administrative Control Authority and the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC), which extends for many years in all aspects of the fight against corruption. In this respect, the cooperation agreement between the two sides will be renewed during the coming period.



The National Sub-Coordinating Committee for Preventing and Combating Corruption organized a special session entitled "National Anti-Corruption Strategy: Successful Practices and Challenges", in the presence of Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, President of the Ninth Session of the Conference of States Parties, and Counselor Ahmed Saeed Khalil, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of   the Egyptian Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Combating Unit (EMLCU), and a number of Egyptian and international senior officials.

The session included an explanation of the Egyptian state’s keenness to implement the provisions of the United Nations Convention against Corruption by adopting a number of institutional and legislative frameworks, in accordance with Article 5 of the Convention that stipulates on setting and consolidating effective and coordinated anti-corruption policies. The National Anti-Corruption Strategy represents the general framework regulating the fight against corruption in Egypt. In this respect, Egypt launched two phases of the national anti-corruption strategy: Phase 1 (2014-2018) and Phase 2 (2019-2022).



During the session, the Egyptian expertise in the field of preventing and combating corruption and the progress made in implementing the executive plan of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy 2019-2022 was presented, in the presence of members of the Technical Secretariat of the National Coordinating Committee, representatives of the Administrative Control Authority as well as the Ministry of Justice, and the President of the General Federation of NGOs.

The meeting reviewed the practices achieved concerning each of the nine objectives of the strategy, which can be generalized in any of the party-states.



Mr. Ahmed Nour, Deputy head of the Administrative Control Authority, and members of the technical secretariat of the National Coordinating Committee reviewed the measures of the national strategy in addition to the most prominent goals that have been achieved in the fields of “developing an efficient and effective administrative authority, providing high-quality public services, activating transparency and integrity mechanisms in government units, enhancing the legislative structure supporting anti-corruption, upgrading judicial procedures to achieve prompt justice, supporting law enforcement agencies to prevent and combat corruption, raising societal awareness of the importance of preventing corruption, and activating international and regional cooperation in preventing and combating corruption.”




The efforts of the Administrative Control Authority were presented in the field of launching societal awareness campaigns on the dangers of corruption, as well as setting a national indicator for detecting and combating corruption.

Dr. Talaat Abdel Qawi, President of the General Federation of NGOs reviewed the most prominent practices achieved with respect to the ninth goal related to the participation of civil society organizations and the private sector in preventing and combating corruption.



Mr. Khalid Abdul Rahman, Deputy head of the Administrative Control Authority for the affairs of the National Anti Corruption Academy  met with James A. Walsh, Deputy Assistant Secretary of U.S Department of State via video-conference.

The meeting discussed ways of cooperation between the two sides in the fields of preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its risks, as well as detecting and investigating corruption crimes.

Day 3

15/12/2021



Egypt reviewed on Wednesday its mechanism to enforce the provisions of the UN Convention against Corruption.

Addressing the 9th session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption in Sharm El Sheikh, a representative of the Administrative Control Authority (ACA) reviewed precautionary measures included in the Constitution to activate the role of monitoring bodies and ensure their independence.

In his report, the ACA representative shed light on Egypt's launching of the second phase of the national anti-corruption strategy in 2019, which achieved a success rate of more than 85%.

He added that the state also implemented media campaigns to spread awareness among citizens about the importance of combating corruption.

The report emphasized Egypt’s keenness to comply with international conventions, casting light on legislation passed to regulate the work of NGOs and government contracts, as well as combating money laundering and profiteering.



Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, met with Dr. Muhannad Hijazi, Chairman of the Jordanian Integrity and Anti-Corruption Commission.

The meeting discussed ways of future cooperation between the two sides concerning issues of common interest, in addition to preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, as well as exchanging experts and expertise, in addition to ways of cooperation in the field of training, particularly on the use of the latest means of detecting and investigating corruption crimes, in cooperation with the National Anti-Corruption Academy affiliated to the Administrative Control Authority.



At the end of the meeting, the two sides signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in preventing and combating corruption.

Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, met with Mr. Abdul Aziz Abdul Latif Al Ibrahim, President of the Board of Trustees of Kuwait Anticorruption Authority (Nazaha).

The meeting discussed ways of future cooperation between the two sides concerning issues of common interest, in addition to preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, as well as exchanging experts and expertise between the two sides. It, also, discussed ways of cooperation in the field of training, particularly on the use of the latest means of detecting and investigating corruption crimes.



Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, met with Mr. Raed Radwan, Head of the Palestinian Anti-Corruption Authority.

The meeting discussed ways of future cooperation between the two sides concerning issues of common interest, in addition to preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, as well as exchanging experts and expertise between the two sides. It, also, discussed ways of cooperation in the field of training, particularly on the use of the latest means of detecting and investigating corruption crimes.

During the special session entitled “National anti-corruption strategy: Best practices and Challenges”, organized by Egypt on the sidelines of the conference, a film was screened demonstrating Egypt’s efforts concerning the best practices and challenges emerged from the implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy.

Egypt and Côte d'Ivoire discussed means of boosting cooperation in the field of combating corruption.



This came during a meeting held between Khaled Abdul Rahman, Deputy head of the Administrative Control Authority for the affairs of the National Anti Corruption Academy and Mr. Epiphane Zoro Bi Ballo, Minister of Governance, Capacity Building and Anti-Corruption in Côte d'Ivoire, on the sidelines of the 9th session of the Conference of State Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

The two sides discussed potential cooperation in raising awareness against corruption, sharing expertise, and training activities in this regard.



Egypt organized a special session entitled “The Role of Financial Intelligence Units in Combating Illicit Financial Flows”. The session was moderated by Counselor Ahmed Saeed Khalil, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Egyptian Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Combating Unit and President of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force (MENAFATF), in the presence of Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority and President of the Ninth Session of the Conference of States Parties, besides many Egyptian and international officials.

The session discussed highlighting the role of financial intelligence units in combating illegal financial flows in the light of international conventions and standards.

In this respect, Counselor Ahmed Saeed Khalil confirmed that Egypt has taken many measures to combat illegal financial flows in the context of combating corruption in general, and combating money laundering and terrorist financing in particular.

Day 4

16/12/2021



Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority, met with Mr. Artur Davtyan, Prosecutor General of the Republic of Armenia, in the presence of the Armenian Ambassador in Cairo.

The meeting discussed ways of future cooperation between the two sides concerning issues of common interest, in addition to preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, as well as exchanging experts and experiences, and ways of cooperation in the field of training.

The two sides, also, agreed to activate bilateral cooperation between the Administrative Control Authority and its counterpart in the Republic of Armenia through the cooperation agreements signed between the two sides.



Khaled Abdul Rahman, Deputy head of the Administrative Control Authority for the affairs of the National Anti Corruption Academy met with Judge Alaa Jawad Hamid, Chairman of the integrity Commission in Iraq.

The meeting discussed ways of future cooperation between the two sides concerning issues of common interest, in addition to preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its dangers, as well as exchanging experts and experiences, and ways of cooperation in the field of training.

The two sides also agreed to activate bilateral cooperation between the Administrative Control Authority and the Iraqi Integrity Commission in cooperation with the National Anti-Corruption Academy, especially in the areas of asset recovery, international cooperation and academic master's programs in the field of governance and anti-corruption offered by the Academy.



Egypt reviews anti-corruption measures during a meeting of the working group concerned with preventive procedures

Egypt asserted that it has taken a group of preventive measures and procedures as part of its efforts to implement the provisions of the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

An Egyptian delegation reviewed the action plan which was carried out over the past years in this regard at a meeting of a working group concerned with preventive procedures, which was held on the sidelines of the 9th session of the Conference of State Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption.

The representative of the Administrative Control Authority pointed out that Egypt’s 2014 constitution includes several articles that oblige the state to combat corruption and boost the values of integrity and transparency.

He highlighted that the state has established a national coordination committee for the protection against corruption as well as fighting it.

He, also, said: "The state has also issued and followed up on the implementation of a national strategy to fight corruption in its first and second phases," adding that "The success of the first phase reached 85% of the targets during 2019 and 2020."

Furthermore, the representative of the Administrative Control Authority pointed out to the issuance of several codes of conduct for workers in the state’s administrative bodies and the launching of media campaigns to raise the citizens’ awareness about the dangers of corruption.



Minister Hassan Abdel Shafi Ahmed, Chairman of the Administrative Control Authority met with Sheikh Nasser bin Hilal Al Maawali, Chairman of Oman’s Audit Institution (SAI).

The meeting discussed ways of cooperation between the two sides in issues of common interest, preventing and combating corruption, raising awareness of its risks, exchanging experts and expertise between the two sides, fully tap the potentials available at the National Anti-Corruption Academy, as well as coordinating with the Investment Support Department of the Administrative Control Authority to support Omani investment efforts.

Day 5
17/12/2021



Khaled Abdul Rahman, Deputy head of the Administrative Control Authority for the affairs of the National Anti Corruption Academy delivered Egypt's speech during the session held under the title "Beyond Covid", which came as follows:

Egypt was one of the countries that took many measures to confront the repercussions of the Corona pandemic, not only at the economic or social level, but also at the institutional level. This includes strengthening governance and combating corruption in line with the recommendations issued by international bodies in this regard, taking into consideration that the issues of governance and combating corruption are intersectional issues in all the measures taken by the Egyptian state.

The Egyptian state has an institutional framework for dealing with crises and disasters represented in the Crisis Management and Disaster Risk Reduction Sector at the cabinet's Information and Decision Support Center, in addition to the Supreme Committee of Crisis and Disaster Management headed by the Prime Minister. The Board of Governors headed by the Chairman of the Council of Ministers Ministers represent the mechanism through which the crisis is dealt with in the governorates, where the Council discusses the decisions issued by the Supreme Committee of Crisis and Disaster Management and follows up on their implementation in the governorates. As for the legislative authority; the health committees of the House of Representatives and the Senate periodically follow up on the government’s performance with regard to all decisions related to the crisis, whether health decisions, or those related to the provision of vaccines, venues to provide vaccines, and ways to facilitate the provision of vaccines to citizens.

The rapid spread of the Corona virus has shocked countries, prompting governments to implement rapid policies to respond to this spread. As a result of the global confusion caused by the spread of the Corona virus; many international and regional organizations as well as donors tended to provide recommendations to governments on the policies and procedures that should be adopted to deal with the economic and financial repercussions of the pandemic, and mitigate its severity. Egypt is one of the countries that was keen to publish everything related to the stimulus packages that were adopted in response to the pandemic, whether for individuals, companies, or for the sectors most affected, through the “Covid-19 Observatory”, which was established by the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development to monitor all the measures taken by the state.

Within the framework of the Egyptian state’s keenness to enhance transparency regarding the measures taken during the pandemic, and to support the most vulnerable, the NCW established the 'Women policy tracker on Responsive Policies and Programs to serve the needs of women during the COVID-19 Pandemic'.

The NCW has presented a policy paper responding to the needs of women for the government to counter the outbreak of COVID-19, and worked with various government partners to support the development and implementation of mitigation and response policies to ensure the protection of women and girls.

Also, the Ministry of Health was keen to launch the “Egypt Health” application, which includes updated information and data about the virus and its spread, in addition to instructions related to dealing with the virus in case of infection, or in case of contact with an infected person. The application, also, provides services that can be obtained from various health units, including the mechanism of reporting in case of suspected infection with the virus.

An official website was launched to receive applications for registration to obtain the vaccine, and to identify priority groups through it. The priority groups included “medical personnel, the elderly, and those with chronic diseases.” The Ministry of Health, also, provided services through the hotline for categories that cannot register through the website. It is worth noting that the “100 Million Seha” campaign, launched in 2018, greatly contributed to the success of this system by having an integrated database for people with chronic diseases.

The Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population also implemented a mobile phone app named Egypt Health Passport for Android and iPhone, to serve as an e-health passport at airports to substitute paper certificates providing coronavirus vaccination. The application shows whether the person has received the vaccine or not, and is equipped with a QR code serving as the medical passport. The code can be read in all airports of the world inside and outside Egypt and shows the type of vaccine that the traveller has received.

In order to prevent corruption, the registration on the application will take place by inserting the ID or passport number, and the application will directly identify the number and type of doses obtained by the person.

With regard to the recommendations of international organizations to strengthen public administration, procurement and public financial management systems to enhance good control over planning processes and allocate budgets to deal with the pandemic, strengthen exchange control, and publish the distribution of financial allocations directed to deal with the crisis to ensure accountability and transparency in the distribution of allocations, Egypt adopted a group of measures aiming to maintain the fair and transparent distribution of financial allocations directed to deal with the crisis, in addition to other strict rules for dealing with public procurement to reduce corruption.

The Egyptian government was also keen to launch several awareness campaigns for citizens on how to deal with the virus, in cooperation with various media and social media.

In the context of combating the new Coronavirus, the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development launched "Egypt Shall Pass" campaign, in collaboration with the NGO “Terous Misr Foundation for Development”, with the participation of a large number of businessmen, aiming to support the most affected groups by stimulating the private sector to preserve and not compromise employment, due to the circumstances of facing the current Corona Virus crisis.



The ninth session of the Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (CoSP) concludes its activities on Friday 17 December 2021.

The ninth session of the Conference of the States Parties the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) concluded on Friday 17 December 2021 with the adoption of the Sharm El-Sheikh Declaration as well as seven other resolutions and an agreement on the host country for the tenth session of the world’s anti-corruption conference.



The Sharm el-Sheikh Declaration, underscoring the increased risks of corruption presented by urgent economic and health relief spending, calls for States parties to collect best practices and challenges, with the aim of developing guidelines to strengthen cooperation to prevent, identify, investigate and prosecute corruption during times of emergencies and crisis response and recovery.

Ghada Waly, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) said in her closing remarks: “The Sharm el-Sheikh Declaration on fighting corruption in times of crisis will inform our recovery from the pandemic with integrity, and will help countries be ready for the emergencies of tomorrow.” She added: “As 2021 with all its challenges comes to an end, with many important anti-corruption commitments made during this landmark year, let us agree that 2022 will be the year of action. Let us keep our promises to people and youth, letting no one down, and leaving no one behind.”

Other resolutions were adopted at the session addressing key issues such as beneficial ownership in asset recovery, regional and international cooperation, education, and youth empowerment, as well as advancing commitments made at previous sessions to enhance prevention, and to strengthen cooperation between supreme audit institutions and anti-corruption authorities. In addition, a resolution to follow up on the political declaration from the first-ever UN General Assembly Special Session against corruption in June was adopted.

States parties, also, agreed that the US will host the 10th session of the conference in 2023.




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