23 May 2024 06:16 PM

National Projects of Silos

Saturday، 25 December 2021 - 11:02 AM

The Egyptian State pays special attention to the National Project of Silos, where it allocated the needed funds to develop and modernize the existing silos in addition to building the new ones. In light of importance of the wheat as strategic food commodity, the State started to build developed wheat storage silos in accordance with the world most advanced technology on the level of wheat storage and management.

The National Project of Silos comes within the framework of the State’s plans to secure the needed stock of strategic foods through building nearly 50 silos with a storage capacity reaching nearly 1.5 million tons distributed over 17 governorates.

The National Project of Silos includes building 50 grains and wheat storage silos in 17 governorates with a storage capacity of 1.5 million tons distributed as follows: Berqash in Giza, Meet Ghamr and Sherbeen in Dakahlia, El Qantara Sharq in North Sinai, Tanta in El Gharbia, Menouf in El Monofiya, Hehia in Sharqia, Damanhour in El Behira, El Sabahiya in Alexandria, Qena and East Owainat in the New Valley, Banha in Qaliobia, Beni Suef, Fayyoum, El Sheikh Fadhl in Menia, Bahnsa in El Menia, El Mafalsa in Aswan.

Egypt is currently grouping a number of 70 state-of-art silos located in different Egyptian governorates, where they were built with the use of the most advanced technology in the world.

Strategy of National Project of Silos   

The State suffered from the lower number of unsafe silos in addition to the high wastage percentage reaching nearly 15%, which refers to wasting nearly one million tons of wheat in each nine million tons thus equaling nearly EGP 4.5 billion at the current price of wheat.

The storage capacity reached nearly 1.2 million tons in 2014 while the national wheat consumption reached nearly 800 thousand tons per month, the matter which shows that the storable strategic stock of wheat at that time reached five weeks while the remaining quantities were stored in barns and hangars in order to maintain quality of the Egyptian wheat.

The State started implementation of this project in 2015 on an area reaching nearly 20 thousand square meters per silo with the use of the most advanced technology, where the wheat bags were weighted over trucks while the needed quantities were taken without any wastage.

The wheat harvest season starts in April ever year, where the State collects harvested wheat in the newly-developed silos thus confirming application of the technical requirements that ensures preserving Egypt’s wealth of this strategic commodity and achieving self-sufficiency of wheat.  

The cost of silo establishment reaches nearly EGP 68 million per silo with a capacity of 60.000 tons and EGP 300 million per silo with a capacity of 90.000 tons. The period of wheat storage in silos reaches nearly 1-1.5 years, the matter which keeps wheat in high quality according to the technical systems applied in the silo.    

The storage capacities are now reaching nearly 3.4 million tons with periods reaching nearly 4.5 months inside silos. The strategic stock of wheat reaches nearly five months in silos.

Egypt’s total production of local wheat reaches nine million tons while the local consumption volume reaches nearly 16 million tons annually, which means that the self-sufficiency reaches nearly 55% against 45% of imported wheat through the private sector (nearly seven million tons).  

Silo

The silo is the place where the grains are stored. It is more developed than the barn, which is only a temporary store. The silo is a well-prepared and equipped building for grains storage, loading and unloading. Silos are usually located in the farms, mills, railway stations and ports where wheat and grains are stored.

Each silo has 12 storage units with a capacity of 5000 tons for each; it includes: the pit intakes–belt conveyors for wheat through the different units of the silo – purification equipment for wheat – sifting equipment – truck scale – weighting scale for wheat - dust extraction system and isolate from the air through filter and store it in special storages for preserving environment.   

Advantages

1- Silos have different storage capacities reaching nearly 500, 750 and 1000 tons.

2- Silos are built on solid cement bases, iron slates and steel sheets for coverage and insulation.

3- Equipment for wheat lifting, transporting, loading and unloading.

Utilization

1- Wheat and grains storage.

2- Air blowers.

3- Sensors to control materials and know storage capacities.

4- Closed silos.

5- Silos with different storage capacities.

Silos Automation

Digital transformation plays key role in controlling the wastage volume in different projects, the matter which is possible with the Egyptian silos. The silos automation system will have significant role in controlling the wheat system, determining the volumes of coming-in and going-out wheat automatically thus giving more accurate databases.

The digital system will cover all stages of wheat storage starting from entry of trucks loaded with wheat bags, weighting, scale and unloading under follow-up of the Control Room electronically in the Holding Company.    

Avoiding Manipulation

The Holding Company uncovered that a number of 72 silos will be transferred this year within the framework of the digital transformation project, the matter which leads to control wheat and grains supply and storage thus avoiding any wastage or manipulation in the near future.

Egypt adopted unprecedented methods of grains storage 7000 years ago, the matter which enabled it to protect grains from moisture and damage. This has led the world to call Egypt as the “Silo of the Globe” 

The Ancient Egyptians built small barns of clay in all cities in order to secure availability of grains. Grains storage places have been discovered in the temples, the matter which the great status enjoyed by Egypt as the basket of world grains.

National Project of Grain Silos

Under the auspicious of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented 15 grain silos with storage capacity of 60000 tons, which comes within the frameworks of the first phase of the National Grain Silos Project which includes 25 grain silos of the United Arab Emirates' grant for Egypt.

These grain silos are: Sherbeen in Dakahlia, Damanhour in El Behira, Hehia in Sharqia, Berqash in Giza, El Qantara Sharq in North Sinai, Meet Ghamr in Dakahlia, El Sheikh Fadhl in Menia, Tanta in El Gharbia, Menouf in El Monofiya, Bahnsa in El Menia, El Mafalsa in Aswan. They are affiliating to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade’s Egyptian Holding Company for Silos and Storage, while the grain silos of Tamia in El Fayoum, Sharq El Awinat in New Valley, Banha in Qalioupia and El Sabahiya in Alexandria are affiliating to the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.

Within the framework of the Saudi loan's projects, the Arab Contractors Company implemented Borg El Arab Grain Silo in Alexandria (90000 tons storage capacity), El Hamamm Silo in Marsa Matrouh (45000 tons storage capacity), El Kharga Grain Silo in the New Valley (45000 tons storage capacity), Arab El Olikat Silo in Qalioupia (90000 tons storage capacity), Fayed Silo in Ismailia (30000 tons storage capacity), Sidi Ghazi Silo in Kafr El Sheikh (60000 tons storage capacity) and San El Hagr Silo in Sharqia (60000 tons storage capacity).

Borg El Arab Grain Silo

The works of Borg El Arab Grain Silo include the designing, construction, civil works, manufacturing, supplying, installation, start-up tests, spare parts and start-up for metal silos with storage capacity of 45000 tons under a turnkey system. The project includes (18 silos – 2 security rooms – water tank – pumps room – electricity room – storage – spare parts building – office building – mosque – workshop – loading silos – the scale – pit intake).

El Hamamm Silos

The works of El Hamamm Silos include construction of 9 grains storage cone-based silos with 45000 storage capacity in El Hamamm City in Marsa Matrouh. The project comprises of: (9 cone-based silos – cranes tower – main tunnels – pit intakes - truck scale – loading silos – dust silos – office building – mosque – washing room – firefighting tank – pumps room - electricity room – workshops building - spare parts building – storage building – control room of the truck scale – control room of the machines towers – 2 security rooms – guard wall and towers – storage area of 1750 square meters).

 

El Sabahiya Silos

The works of El Sabahiya Silos include construction of 12 metal silos for grain storage with a total capacity of 60000 tons. The project includes the followings: (cranes tower – main tunnels – pit intakes - truck scale – loading silos – dust silos – office building – mosque – washing room – firefighting tank – pumps room – electricity building – workshops building - spare parts building – storage building – control room of the truck scale – control room of the machines towers – 2 security rooms – guard wall and towers).

Project Implementation Phases

First Phase

A presidential decree was issued to establish a number of 50 metal silos in Egypt over several stages with a capacity of 30 thousand tons per silo. The Egyptian government has assigned the General Authority of Supply Commodities to own and operate the National Project of Silos through the Holding Company for Silos and Storage.

Ministry of International Cooperation, through making contacts with the donors, provided soft loans to finance the foreign component of these projects at the appropriate times to match with the timetables of implementation. Framework agreements were signed with the Danish International Development Agency (Danida), the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund to finance the first phase of the National Project of Silos.

The Arab Contractors Company was the first to establish metal silos for the account of the Egyptian Holding Company for Silos and Storage, a subsidiary of the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade. The Company has implemented more than 70% of the silo projects in cooperation with the Danish Cumbria Jungren Group, which accounts for nearly 90% of the wheat silos in Egypt.

Implementation of 15 Silos

Under the auspicious of the Engineering Authority of the Armed Forces, the Arab Contractors Company has implemented 15 grain silos with storage capacity of 60000 tons, which comes within the frameworks of the first phase of the National Grain Silos Project which includes 25 grain silos of the United Arab Emirates' grant for Egypt.

These grain silos are: Sherbeen in Dakahlia, Damanhour in El Behira, Hehia in Sharqia, Berqash in Giza, El Qantara Sharq in North Sinai, Meet Ghamr in Dakahlia, El Sheikh Fadhl in Menia, Tanta in El Gharbia, Menouf in El Monofiya, Bahnsa in El Menia, El Mafalsa in Aswan. They are affiliating to the Ministry of Supply and Internal Trade’s Egyptian Holding Company for Silos and Storage, while the grain silos of Tamia in El Fayoum, Sharq El Awinat in New Valley, Banha in Qalioupia and El Sabahiya in Alexandria are affiliating to the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation.

90.000-tons Storage Capacity

Within the framework of the Saudi loan's projects, the Arab Contractors Company implemented Borg El Arab Grain Silo in Alexandria (90000 tons storage capacity), El Hamamm Silo in Marsa Matrouh (45000 tons storage capacity), El Kharga Grain Silo in the New Valley (45000 tons storage capacity), Arab El Olikat Silo in Qalioupia (90000 tons storage capacity), Fayed Silo in Ismailia (30000 tons storage capacity), Sidi Ghazi Silo in Kafr El Sheikh (60000 tons storage capacity) and San El Hagr Silo in Sharqia (60000 tons storage capacity).

Most Advanced Systems of Storage

Each silo has 12 storage units with a capacity of 5000 tons for each; it includes: the pit intakes–belt conveyors for wheat through the different units of the silo – purification equipment for wheat – sifting equipment – truck scale – weighting scale for wheat - dust extraction system and isolate from the air through filter and store it in special storages for preserving environment.  

Project Goals

- The National Project of Grain Silos aims at putting an end to the quantitative and qualitative wastage of grain reaching nearly 15%, which is resulting from grains storage in open barns thus causing heavy losses for the State.

- The modern and developed barns help in grains protection, storage and classification. There will not be a wheat grain in the open areas as they will filter, purify and store the wheat.

- Silos manage grain storage in a good way, thus reducing its waste, classifying the Egyptian wheat into degrees and issuing the origin certificates for cultivation of the finest types.

- Silos help in keeping safe strategic stock of wheat in order to achieve real food security in the country.

- Existence in the areas in which the increase of wheat production is targeted, the matter which leads to decreases the freight cost.

- Participation in providing job opportunities for youths.

- The Project increased wheat storage capacity to reach 3.4 million tons up from 1.6 million tons before 2011.

- Wheat storage in silos helps in achieving the Egyptian national security as wheat is one of the most important and strategic commodities for countries.

- The Projects saves nearly EGP 2.5 billion annually for the State through avoiding the wastage in the “dust barns”. It represents a quantum leap in the field of grains and wheat storage in addition to securing the production of high-quality subsidized bread. 

Port Silo…High Storage Capacities

The State has executed new expansions in the port silos thus taking their capacities from 7 million tons up to 12 million tons annually.

Damietta Silo…Largest Port Silo in Egypt

Being the biggest among other 25 silos under a UAE grant for Egypt, the new grain silo in Damietta port is 70.000 tons capacity and contains ten storing cells.

Withdrawing capacity from ship is 700 tons / hr; while discharging capacity from the silo is 4500 tons/ hr.  The ISO-certified silo is equipped with new electronic scales, which will help decrease vessel discharged time.

The two berths 13 – 14 can be used in unloading two ships at the same time, which means high vessel turnover time and lower vessel dwelling time resulting into more revenues generated by port of Damietta for the interest of the national economy.

Setting a study plan for linking Al-Amriya to Safaga port

Alexandria silo is the second largest silo in Egypt which was built in Al-Amriya port with a capacity of 60 thousand tons and can unload 14,000 tons per day. The possibility of linking Alexandria silo to Safaga Port is being studied, and the quantity transported by trains during 2018 amounted to about 321,000 tons. Also, much efforts are exerted to operate river transport during the winter flow to operate at the full capacity.

The silos of Port Said and Safaga ports will soon work after the completion of their development works, to reduce the loads on the roads.

The project is the first of its kind

The importance of the Egyptian market and Egypt's geographical location and climate are factors that attracted investors to establish the silos and grain city project, where all international companies can store their crops in the Suez Canal area and then export them to various countries of the world. This will record the return of Egypt as a basket of wheat to the whole world.

The project of establishing the grain storage silos in the east of the Suez Canal is the first of its kind in the region; nearby the development projects in the Suez Canal area axis. It includes 12 silos with a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons. The project is located on the land of the city of East Qantara, which belongs to the Ismailia Governorate. The project is built on an area of 20,000 square meters, and its cost is about EGP 112 million.

The project contributes to supporting the Egyptian economy by reducing the need to import grains in foreign currency, which gives the Egyptian government the required flexibility in setting more competitive prices for importing wheat.

A study is currently underway to establish logistical areas for the Egyptian Holding Company for Silos and Storage (EHCSS) in the Suez Canal area and set up a transport company especially for it. River transport will be used to reduce costs, in addition to setting up projects related to grain and wheat activities.

Silos of Ataqa and Al-Adabaa are established to save time and transportation expenses

In 2017, Egypt implemented one of the most important strategic projects related to food security, so the Suez governorate today has the capacity to store tens of thousands of tons of wheat, after operating the Ataqa Silos Station, which includes 12 cells, each of which accommodates 5,000 tons of wheat and grains with a total of 60,000 tons and at a cost of EGP 130 million.

The silos in Ataqa receive large quantities of wheat to meet the needs of the entire Suez governorate, along with the governorates of Ismailia, North and South Sinai, and some areas in the eastern Delta.

Ataqa silo includes laboratories to conduct tests on wheat imported by farmers, to measure the percentage of moisture, and non-combustible materials such as silica.

Furthermore, some wheat shipments are directed also to enter the port of Adabiya in Suez, where the distance between Ataqa silo and the new warehouses is no more than 15 kilometers, to save time and transportation expenses.

 

Traditional methods of preserving and storing grains ceased

After completely avoiding the work of the traditional methods of preserving and storing grains, and in a civilized appearance, Al-Menoufia governorate witnessed a great boom in the establishment of a number of silos, which have had the greatest impact in maintaining the commodity stock of the wheat crop. This also solved crises that were arose due to overcrowding during storage process.

 

The governorate has built 3 silos, the first is in the village of Kafr Daoud in the Sadat rural community with a capacity of 30,000 tons, the second in the city of Shebin El-Koum with a capacity of 30,000 tons as well, and the third in the city of Menouf with a capacity of 60 thousand tons, in addition to 7 storage hangars with a capacity of 18,000 tons. In addition, cement storages has been built in the Shebin al-Koum and Birkat al-Sabaa areas, their capacity reaches 7,000 tons.

Moreover, the city of Menoufia also has a large surplus in a storage capacity of 180,000 tons to end the use of mud huts, which leads to preserving the crop and not polluting it.

 

Large capacity for storing grains

Four modern silos were established in Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate. The largest is in the Chabas El Melh area of Disouq with a capacity of 60 thousand tons, the second is the main Desouq mill with a capacity of 4 thousand tons, and the third and fourth are in the Sidi Salem area and the Mills area, with a capacity of 30,000 tons each. In this way, there are no losses in the stored crops.

Moreover, the governorate also has modern storage places that can accommodate large quantities of crops and store them well, as there are 5 warehouses with a capacity of 17,920 tons and 4 modern cement warehouses with a capacity of 22,560 tons. This storage capacity is sufficient to store the crops provided by all farmers.

During the crop supply season, the governorate develops an integrated plan in which the old traditional storage sites are used as crop collection centers due to their proximity to agricultural land. The incoming quantities are transferred directly to the silos and modern cement stores.

 

Solve problems of annual storage

The construction of silos began in the Bargash area in Giza Governorate on January 1, 2015. This area is of strategic importance due to its proximity to the Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, as it mediates an area known for the local supply of wheat and its milling.

The project aims to increase the storage capacity of wheat and grain at the strategic level to 1.5 million tons. The project has a positive impact in reducing spoilage on the wheat stored by traditional methods in the governorate and avoiding the annual loss resulting from that.

The new project will be built on an area of 33,600 square meters, with a storage capacity of 60 thousand tons. The store is of a metal type with a flat horizontal bottom, and it consists of 12 metal cells. The storage capacity of each cell is about 5 thousand tons. The cells work according to the latest modern automated technologies.

The most modern silo into service

By the end of 2018, the state constructed the silo and put it into service in the south of Kharga city, in the New Valley Governorate, at a cost of EGP 86 million.

The silo includes 9 cells with a capacity of 5,000 tons for each cell separately, with a total of 45 thousand tons. It aims to solve the problems of storing wheat in the old traditional dirt warehouses, and develop the processes of receiving, trading and storing wheat and grains in the governorate.

The largest silos funded by the UAE

Tanta silo is one of the largest modern warehouses that was established with a grant from the UAE, at a cost of EGP 62 million. The silo consists of 12 cells and includes 5 stores: a Burma warehouse, two warehouses that are open to each other and a storage capacity of 5 thousand tons and 120 tons, a Karsa warehouse with a capacity of 2560 tons, Beltag with 2560 tons and a smanoud of 1600 tons. This project solved many problems related to the supply and storage of wheat in the governorate.

Significant improvement in grain storage system

Annually, wheat cultivation in Buhaira governorate exceeds 500 thousand feddans, producing one and a half million tons, but only one million and 200 thousand tons are supplied. In recent years, the governorate managed to achieve a significant improvement in the grain storage system, represented by the establishment of 3 modern silos; two of them with a capacity of 60 thousand tons each, and the third with a capacity of 30 thousand tons. In addition to the presence of 20 lockers and 10 barns belonging to the Agricultural Bank of Egypt in the villages and centers of the governorate, which contributed to facing the problems that the governorate was suffering from annually without facing them.

Al Sharqiya governorate first in wheat production

Al Sharqiya is the first governorate in wheat production, annually planting about 381 thousand feddans, and it ranks first in the production and supply of wheat, so it has received the lion’s share of the national project.

It is planned to establish about 13 new silos with investments of EGP 980 million, and 5 new silos have been established in the cities of Abu Hammad, Haya, Tenth of Ramadan and San El Hajar Marine, with a capacity of 310 thousand tons at a cost of EGP 668 million and 600 thousand on an area of 126 thousand square meters.

 Moreover, 8 new storages have been constructed, including two large silos; one of them is in the new city of Salhiya on 42 thousand square meters with a capacity of 90 thousand tons, and the second is in Belbeis Center being built on an area of ​​​​22 thousand square meters with a capacity of 60 thousand tons and a cost of EGP230 million.

In addition to 6 new silos which have been established in 2020 in the cities of Faqous, Minya Al-Qamh, Abu Hammad, the villages of Al-Qarmous and Nazlet Khayal in the Abu Kabir Center, with a funding of EGP 72 million, with a capacity of 30 tons, at a rate of 5 thousand tons each.

Finally, the national project for silos is one of the most prominent giant projects that support the state's vision of planning by using the best technological methods to preserve food and provide it with high quality for all Egyptians.

Updates on the project

Egypt now has 44 silos with a capacity of 2.7 million tons. However, the continuous expansion of the areas cultivated with wheat and the annual increase in production require the construction of storage silos to accommodate these quantities, even with the construction of 6 new silos.

These six new silos are scheduled to be used in the upcoming wheat harvest season, at a cost of EGP 68 million per silo with a capacity of 60,000 tons, while the cost of the silo, which has a capacity of 90,000 tons, will reach EGP300 million.

The storage capacity of Tahta silo in Sohag governorate, which has a capacity of 60 thousand tons, increased to 90,000 tons, with an increase of 30 thousand tons. In parallel, new field and central silos are being established at a total cost of EGP 5.8 billion.

Furthermore, the government aims to establish four central silos in Toshka, East El Oweinat, El Dabaa, Qena, at a total cost of 1,200 billion pounds. Thus, the financing of the construction of these silos is currently being discussed by the Ministries of Supply and International Cooperation.

A plan is currently being developed to improve the river and railway transportation system in a number of new and existing silos in order to reduce the volume of fuel consumption for roads. The railways are currently being installed in the Kom Abu Radi silo in the Beni Suef governorate, as well as the Arab Al-Alayqat silo in the Qalyubia governorate will be linked to the railways within months, while the new Minya silo is being linked with the course of the river in order to benefit from transportation via the Nile.

The government has started implementing a project to build 60 field silos with a total storage capacity of 300,000 tons, and a total cost of EGP 4 billion and 200 million. Each silo has a capacity of 5,000 tons at a cost of EGP 70 million.

The necessary funding for these silos is provided through the Italian Debt Stock Exchange, where the construction of 6 silos has begun in the governorates of Sharkia, Menoufia and Minya. The implementation of these silos will take one year to enter service in the upcoming wheat season 2022.

These field silos are distributed as follows: 4 silos in the Sharkia governorate in Abu Hammad, Minya al-Qamh, Nazlat al-Khayal in Abu Kabir and Toukh al-Qarmout in Derb Negm, a silo in Quesna in Menoufia Governorate, and another silo in Adwa in Minya governorate. Another field silo will be constructed during the second half of the year in the new valley.

It is planned that the field silos will cover all governorates of the Republic, as it is taken into account that the field silos will be more in the production areas, while the major central silos will be near the production and consumption areas.

A technical training program has been drawn up for the workers in the system, to enable them to deal digitally in the various stages of work, in addition to dealing with malfunctions and methods of equipment maintenance. The program includes means to follow the various stages from cleaning and sifting to drying. In addition, during the program, they will receive training on storage facilities for follow-up from the headquarters of the central control room.

The Abu Sweir silos are one of the major strategic projects that were launched in Ismailia during the past months in 2021 to preserve the grain. The silos are located at “Mostaqbal City - Abu Sweir” road, on an area of more than 20,000 meters that includes 6 huge silos, with a total cost of EGP150 million. The project took 12 months to implement and included 6 silos with a capacity of 5,000 tons for each silo, with a total storage capacity of 30,000 tons.

The Abu Sweir silos in Ismailia consist of 6 cells that store 30 thousand tons of wheat, and were established at a total cost of EGP150 million. The storage capacity of the silos increased during the last 7 years from 1.2 million tons to 3.4 million tons.

It is scheduled that the number of silos in the project will increase to 9 silos instead of 6 to develop and improve the storage capacity for storing wheat through a network of silos linking all governorates of the Republic.

The construction of a grain storage silo with a storage capacity of 100,000 tons began on the Al-Abbas quay in the west of Port Said port at the end of October 2021.

It is estimated that the project will be completed within 18 months, with a total investment value of approximately 520 million pounds, which will allow the reception of Panamax ships with a tonnage of (50-60) thousand tons, where the tank reaches 56 feet below the surface of the water.

In this way, the port can receive all the incoming quantities of wheat and unload them at large rates in record times to save time and avoid delay penalties. Thus, the country will face the steady increase in the volume of imported quantities to fill the nutritional gap of grains resulting from the increase in the volume of consumption as a result of population increase and insufficient local production.

The implementation of such project comes in light of the state’s policy to achieve sustainable development. The project is one of the national projects included in the state’s investment plan.

The importance of this silo comes due to alleviating the burden on the ports of Damietta, Alexandria and Dekheila, in order to prevent any congestion in the ports of ships and reduce waiting periods, which helps to transport wheat in the country and provide it for producing the subsidized bread.

The project will provide 50 permanent job opportunities in its construction phase, in addition to temporary job opportunities and other job opportunities that will be provided after the completion of the project. The silos include 8 cells divided into 4 cells with a capacity of 14,285 tons and other 4 cells with a capacity of 10,830 tons, plus the draining wheat cells.

This project will contribute to increasing the capacities of the Egyptian ports to receive wheat by an additional 15% for the ports of Damietta, Dekheila and Alexandria.

Digital technology has been used in wheat silos and in operations coping with the state’s policy towards digital transformation, especially when talking about one of the most important basic commodities that touch the citizen’s need, a loaf of bread, according to the state’s agenda to achieve the 2030 development goals.

The development of silos’ infrastructure and the use of the digitization system will enable the Ministry of Supply to instantly calculate the quantities of wheat received, whether locally or imported, and determine the storage capacity of each silo in any governorate in an instant.

The state is taking a large number of measures to secure its stock of wheat, topped by the expansion of the construction of silos throughout the republic; around 70 silos have been established so far, and 60 new field silos are being established in 14 governorates.

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