The 70th Anniversary of Police Day
Sunday، 23 January 2022 - 02:04 AM
The Police Day is celebrated every year on the 25th of January to commemorate Ismailia battle that took place on the same day in 1952 when the British occupiers killed 50 policemen and left 80 others wounded because the policemen refused to hand over their weapons and evacuate the governorate building to the British occupiers.
The Battle of Ismailia
The battle of Ismailia represents one of the chapters of the national struggle that erupted like a volcano following the cancellation of the 1936 treaty that imposed on Egypt to take the occupier as its guardian, to be forced to bear the burden of defending Britain’s interests, and to suffer the raids of the occupying army that demolished ports and abandoned cities.
As soon as the Second World War ended, the national movement erupted, demanding the cancellation of the treaty and the achievement of independence.
The Wafd government responded to this popular demand, and on the eighth of October 1951, Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Nahhas announced the cancellation of the treaty before the House of Representatives.
Within a few days, the youth of Egypt rose to the canal area to strike the British camps in the canal cities, where hot battles took place between the fedayeen ″volunteer fighters″ and the occupation armies.
At the same time, more than 91,572 Egyptian workers left the camps of the British to contribute to the national struggle movement, and the merchants also refrained from supplying the occupiers with foodstuffs.
This matter disturbed the London government, threatening to occupy Cairo if the activity of the fedayeen did not stop. However, the youth did not heed these threats and proceeded with their plan, disregarding the British military superiority, and they were able, with their modest weapons, to inflict heavy losses on the British.
The battle witnessed the alliance of the police forces with the people of the canal. The British realized that the fedayeen were working under the protection of the police, so they worked to evacuate the canal cities from the police forces so that they could single out civilians and strip them of any security cover, but the police forces refused to hand over the governorate building, although their weapons and training do not allow them to confront armed armies with cannons.
On Friday morning, January 25, 1952, the British commander in the canal area, Brigadier Kenneth Exham, summoned the Egyptian liaison officer, and handed him a warning that the Egyptian police forces in Ismailia have to hand over their weapons to the British forces, and leave the canal area and withdraw to Cairo.
The province rejected the British ultimatum and informed Fuad Sirag Eddin , the Minister of the Interior at this time, who asked the policemen to stand firm and resist and not to surrender.
The British commander became extremely angry and the refusal made him lose his nerve. Upon his orders, broadcasts were made using loudspeakers calling upon the police to surrender and hand over their weapons, a demand which the courageous policemen refused to comply to despite of being heavily surrounded by heavily armed British forces although they carried ordinary rifles and pistols.
More than 7,000 British soldiers equipped with machine guns, tanks and armors surrounded the Ismailia governorate building and its barracks, which were defended by only 850 soldiers who resented the threat and resisted under the leadership of the young Egyptian officer Mustafa Refaat.
The British forces fired their cannons brutally for more than 6 hour, while the Egyptian police heroes remained steadfast, resisting with their very old rifles against the most powerful cannons until their weapons ran out of ammunition.
Despite being heavily armed, the British infantry suffered fourteen causalities.
On the other hand, nearly 50 Egyptian policemen were killed and 73 were wounded.
The British were not satisfied with killing, wounding and capturing, but they also demolished peaceful villages belonging to the governorate, believing that the citizens engaged in the armed struggle against the colonization “fedayeen” hid in those villages.
This sparked significant outrage and passions in Cairo, as on Jan. 26, security police staged demonstrations in support to their comrades in the Canal Zone, and were joined by university students and workers, chanting against the British king himself, and calling to bear arms to confront the brutal enemy.
Since then, the day became a national day in Ismailia governorate. In 2009, a decision was issued to consider the 25th of Januaury an official holiday ‘Police Day’, in appreciation to police efforts and in recognition of their sacrifices.
On this day, the State is always keen on honoring the policemen who protect the homeland and defend Egypt against terrorism.
In this respect, President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi is keen on honoring the families of the police martyrs who were killed while performing their national duty and laying a wreath of flowers at the memorial of the police martyrs.
President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi arrived at the headquarters of the Police Academy in New Cairo on Sunday morning 23/1/2022 to attend celebrations marking the 70th celebration of Police Day which is commemorated every year on January 25.
The celebration was attended by Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouli, Al-Azhar Grand Imam Ahmed el Tayyeb, Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria and Patriarch of Saint Mark Diocese, House of Representatives Speaker Hanafy El Gebaly, Senate Speaker Abdel Wahab Abdel Razek, Interior Minister Mahmoud Tawfiq, and senior state officials.
Upon his arrival President El-Sisi was received by Interior Minister Mahmoud Tawfiq. Then the military band played the national anthem.
The ceremony started with a recitation of verses of the holy Quran before a documentary was played about the police battle in Ismailia in 1952 and the police accomplishments until the June 30 Revolution in 2013.
Another documentary was played showing children of police martyrs as they spoke about heroic battles and sacrifices of their fathers for the sake of the homeland.
A documentary about police achievements over the past year was then played to show how the achievements contributed to reducing the rate of crimes in Egypt, as well as offering security services to citizens.
A number of the stars of the TV series, “The Choice 2”, addressed the attendees during the ceremony stressing that art would always be a reflection of the homeland and would always promote the message of patriotism and belonging.
They also expressed their willingness to embody tales of martyrs and heroes with the aim to shed light on their sacrifices for the sake of Egypt.
Interior Minister Mahmoud Tawfiq then addressed the gathering. He said that his Ministry is adopting a comprehensive strategy to upgrade the security system, protect human rights and conduct preemptive strikes against terrorists.
The interior minister pointed out that the strategy also focuses on countering cybercrimes through which terrorist organizations promote rumors and false information.
The minister further stressed that the ministry is keen on enhancing skills of human cadres and upgrading their performance.
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi honored names of some police martyrs, who sacrificed their lives in facing terrorism over the past year.
He honored the families of the martyrs of the police heroes as part of the activities of the celebration.
President Abdel Fattah El Sisi stressed that maintaining the security and safety of the state and citizens remains the highest priority that could only be realized in the presence of a well-aware police apparatus.
Sisi said that the Egyptian policemen proved, in the Ismailia battle in 1952, that defending the homelands is not contingent upon possessing equipment and gadgetry, but rather upon the extent of the men’s faith and belief, which is firmly rooted within their souls.
Sisi paid tribute to police martyrs and their families. He noted that over the past seven years, policemen have sacrificed a lot to help achieve development and prosperity, and to build a strong and new Egypt, saying: “Our sons who sacrificed themselves paid a precious price for the nation to live in safety and to secure the lives of more than 100 million Egyptians.”
Sisi said that policemen are well aware of the value of belonging to this homeland, adding “I appreciate their national role side by side with the Armed Forces, who, together, represent an impregnable fortress to defend the nation against all evils.”
He also highlighted the sacrifices made by the medical staff in Egypt in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, saying: “I reiterate my gratitude in the name of all Egyptians to your children from the medical staff for the sacrifices they are making in the face of this pandemic to preserve the health of Egyptians.”
The president also greeted Egyptians on the anniversary of the January 25 Revolution, which, he said, reflected the people’s aspirations to build a new future for this nation, where all segments are leading a decent life.
He touched upon the “Decent Life” presidential initiative, which aims at creating a better future for the coming generations, explaining that this road will not be smooth or without obstacles, in light of the challenges and dangers facing Egyptian national security.
The president stressed the importance of unity, saying: “There is no way for us to confront all these matters, except with our national unity and cohesion.
Sisi concluded his speech asserting that what the policemen do in preserving the security and stability of the homeland and in combating terrorism is the best evidence that our nation is a wellspring of faithful men who are well aware of the value of belonging to this good nation.At the conclusion of the celebration of the 70th anniversary of Police Day at the Police Academy in New Cairo, the national anthem of the Arab Republic of Egypt was played.