28 February 2024 02:29 AM

Muhammad Ali Pasha Palace in Shubra

Saturday، 11 June 2022 - 01:55 PM

Muhammad Ali began building his palace at Dhu al-Hijjah 1223 AH, in Shubra al-Khaimah area at Qalyubia Governorate. Zulfikar Katkhuda has supervised the construction of the Buildings. The construction of the palace is new in its style .It has not been before. Large area of the new site  helped in implementing  Turkish new design. It is the style of garden palaces, which was popular in Turkey on the shores of the Bosphorus, the Dardanelles, and the Marmara Sea. This design depends on the vast garden surrounded by a huge wall with a few doors. Several buildings have been scattered in this garden, each of which carries special architectural qualities.

 

The Palace of Muhammad Ali Pasha in Shubra El-Kheima was opened on December 26, 2005, which was built two hundred years ago after the Ministry of Culture completed its restoration and development as an international center for hosting conferences and VIP visitors and as a tourist attraction, at a cost of 50 million pounds.

 

The first construction of this palace was at Saray residence . Its location was in the middle of the current Corniche Road. Several wooden buildings were attached to it for the officials of the palace and guard offices, in addition to a berth for boats on the Nile..

 

 In 1821, the palace garden was annexed to it  “Saray al-Fasqiah,” which still remains until now. It consists of a rectangular building (76 and a half meters by 88 and a half meters).

 

As for the interior design of the Saray is unique, as it relies on a central block consisting of a large water basin (61 meters by 45 and a half meters), and a depth of 2.5 meters, lined with white alabaster marble.

In the middle of the basin is a large fountain mounted on statues of huge crocodiles and  water emanates from their mouths. There are four corner fountains in the corners of the basin. Around the fountain basin is also a portico overlooking the basin with a hundred columns of marble columns. 'Saray al-Jabaliah'  was annexed to the palace garden that still exit till now.

 

Among the beautiful things that the palace of Muhammad Ali were unique with. It has witnessed the introduction of the first modern lighting systems. England knew this system in 1820 by M. Galloway. So Muhammad Ali ordered him to be summoned to make the preparations for this in his palace, and that was a huge qualitative leap.

 

The palace was unique in it its design. As it combined both the European style of decoration with the spirit of Islamic architecture planning. The palace was built in the spirit of building the mosque. We have 4 shades surrounding a huge fountain as if it were a mosque courtyard. As for the drawings and decorations of the palace, they were completed in Italian; French drawings in the nineteenth century. As, Muhammad Ali relied on French, Italian, Greek and Armenian artists to decorate his palace.

 

Among the beautiful things that were unique to the palace of Muhammad Ali is that it witnessed the introduction of the first modern lighting systems. England knew this system in 1820 by M. Galloway, so Muhammad Ali ordered him to be summoned to make the preparations for this in his palace, and that was a huge qualitative leap.

 

The palace was unique in that it combined the European style of decoration with the spirit of Islamic architecture planning. The palace was built in the spirit of building the mosque. We have 4 shades surrounding a huge fountain as if it were a mosque courtyard. As for the drawings and decorations of the palace, they were executed in the style of Italian and French drawings in the nineteenth century, where Muhammad Ali used French, Italian, Greek and Armenian artists to decorate his palace.

 

 

Among the masterpieces in the palace are paintings antique of Muhammad Ali Pasha and his family members.

 

Among the marvels that deserve to be mentioned is the Saqia Tower, whose miracle and splendor is that the engineer who built it aimed to achieve several things. He built it at a great height to achieve a water rush force enough to operate the Fisqiya fountain, in addition to that, the Nile water was drawn. Through a tunnel, it pours, after passing through the Saqia, into 4 basins, through which the water is purified before passing through the Sekiya basin. It is pure to exit again through irrigation channels.

 

Palace restoration:

 

The countdown has begun for the start of the opening of the Palace of Muhammad Ali in Shubra Al-Khaimah, after its development, which is a rare archaeological masterpiece at Qalyubia, but rather on the world level. The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities is carrying out a project to restore and rehabilitate the Palace of Muhammad Ali in Shubra Al-Khaimah, in cooperation with the Engineering Authority, according to the protocol signed between the Ministry and the Authority in 2017.

After preparing the necessary studies by the Center for Archeology and Environment Engineering, Cairo University with the Islamic, Coptic and Jewish Antiquities Sector in the Ministry.

The development work in the palace includes the Al-Fascia Palace building and the rooms that make up the palace, including the “throne room and the names (the names of the family of Muhammad Ali), food, billiards, the garden, the tourist walkway and the marina.” A tree fence is also built around the pergola located in this area to give it an aesthetic appearance,.  Cards are made as an introduction to the rare trees in the garden explaining their types and ages at the back of the fountain building.

 

 Special needs, visitors have been provided special services as   Umbrellas; seats; indicative and explanatory boards are installed in order to improve the visit route, as some modifications are made to raise the efficiency of the services provided to them to improve their experience during the visit.

All works have also been completed in the Jabaliya kiosk building, and the initial receipt of it. The implementation rate in the Fasqih Palace building has reached 99%. The initial handover work is underway. The works of Al-Fasqyih Palace included: dismantling and restoring old marble; re-installing the marble floors and walls; and raising the efficiency of the lake and the central island; and the restoration of archaeological elements in it, as well as the treatment of wood with a wooden truss; changing the dilapidated wood; and the restoration and structural strengthening of the domes and corridors.

 

While the percentage of works on the tourist walkway leading to the palace was about 98%. It  also includes bazaars; security rooms ; car garages, walkers, and pergolas. In addition, the construction of an indigo marina for boats on the corniche opposite the palace and a pedestrian bridge was completed to transport tourists from the marina to the palace, with a percentage of96%.  This comes in accordance of the mandates of the President of the Republic.

 

As for the great role that Qalyubia Governorate implements, Engineer Hala Shendi, Director of the Educational Buildings Authority Branch, announced the completion of 98% of the painting works for the buildings adjacent to the palace, with a total of 39 buildings, and work is now in progress in full swing to finish painting the rest of the facades of the buildings in the area surrounding the palace, by the men of the Educational Buildings Authority in Qalyubia.

In turn, Major General Abdel Hamid Al-Hagan, Governor of Qalyubia, said that work is in full swing to develop the roads leading to the palace, where the surface layer on Mohamed Ali Park has been completed, and the surface layer of the Nile Corniche Road has been skimmed in both directions, and paving will start after the paving of Muhammad Ali Park Street has been completed, and concrete slabs have been made for the central island on the sidewalk


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