26 May 2024 05:00 PM

Local Administration

North Sinai

Saturday، 08 October 2022 - 10:04 PM

North Sinai Governorate takes up a strategic location, whether at the regional or the national level, as it is the eastern bulwark of Egypt, and links the East to the West. And its capital is the city of Al-Arish.

The governorate is characterized by distinguished agricultural production of vegetables and fruits and enjoys high export competitive advantages, luxurious production of fish from Bard Will Lake, as well as the unique features of each raw material with economic reserves, long, beautiful and extended beaches. It is covered with palm trees, suitable for diving and water sports, and vast areas for desert tourism and migratory birds (Zaraniq Reserve).

1-North Sinai Landmarks: 

Pelusium Archeological Area (Tel el-Farma):

It is considered the most important archeological site and is located about 15 km to the north of the Balouza village on the road to the East Qantara in Northern Sinai. It includes a number of important archeological hills in addition to the main area in the ancient city. The modern Excavations revealed a number of baths, a large amphitheater dating back to the Roman era, and a Roman castle persisted until the Islamic era. A number of hills, namely; Tel el-Makhzan, Tel el-Kanaes and Tel al-Shohada, lies next to the Pelusium.

Arish Castle:

It is built by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 1560 and is located to the south-west of el-Arish. It witnessed remarkable historical events such as the Treaty of el-Arish in 1800 between the Turks and the French campaign.

Nekhel Castle: 

A square-shaped five-towered castle that dates back to the reign of Sultan Qansuh Ghouri.

Qatia Castle:

It is 65 km to the east of East Qantara on the old Royal sand road pursued by Amr ibn al-Aas during the Islamic Conquest to Egypt. It is considered one of the most important commercial cities in the Mamluk era.

Archaeological Areas:

The Governorate also hosts a number of archaeological hills such as; Tel al-Mahmdiat, directly located on the Mediterranean in Rommana village, and featuring some of the sunken architectural remnants on the coast, and Tel al-Karama, dating back to the Roman and Islamic eras. Additionally, it includes Tel Qasrawit which features the remnants of the city dating back to the Coptic era, and Tel el-Darawish which is one of the archaeological sites dating back to the modern dynasty of the Pharaonic era. Among other hills are; Tel Filossiat, Tel Suedat, Tel Hephen, Tel Kharoub, Tel Zeizaa, Tel Kawthar, Tel set, and Tel Aselij.
Zaraniq Reserve:

It is located on the Mediterranean coast of North Sinai and includes the eastern part of Lake Bardawil. The 250-km2 reserve is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean, to the south by Al-Arish-Qantara Highway, and to the west by Lake Bardawil.
The Zaraniq area is also considered one of the important sites for the breeding of some species, such as the Alexandrian Kentish Plover.

El-Ahrash Reserve:

It is located in the extreme north-east of Egypt in Rafah on an area of 6 km2. It is characterized by the unique presence of sand dunes and acacia trees.

It is covered by a high density of acacia trees, eucalyptus trees, cypress, shrubs, herbs, and other grazing, all of which act as windbreaks and stabilize sand dunes and groves within the scope of the reserve to preserve one of the important forms of environments for the Mediterranean coast, most of which have been changed by development processes. It works to increase the attraction of tourist activity to the area because the area contains natural resources and there are some wild animals in the protected area such as: the fennec fox - sand cat - long-eared hedgehog - wild rabbits. As well as types of birds such as quail - cats - wild pigeons - owl - blackbird - partridge and sunset falcon. 


North Sinai Governorate is in the northeast of the Arab Republic of Egypt, between longitudes 32 and 34E and latitudes 29 and 31N. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea by 220-km coast line, to the south by South Sinai Governorate, to the west by Port Said, Ismailia and Suez Governorates, and to the east by the international border with Palestine.


Its total area reaches 27,564 km2, representing about 2.7% of Egypt’s area.

Population is estimated at about 450, 528 according to the statistics issued by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics on June 1, 2022.

5- Governorate Map:


Major General Mohammed Abdel Fadeel Mohammed

7- Logo:
The emblem consists of many logos;
The cogwheel 
It reflects the mineral wealth in which the governorate is rich and symbolizes the prospects for industrial development expected on this good land.
Drilling auger
It reflects the prospective petroleum discovery in this governorate.
Olive branch
The olive branch refers to peace, and promising agricultural development in the region, which depends on rainwater as a main source of water.
The fish refers to fishing activity in the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Bardawil.
Yellow Color
It reflects the nature of North Sinai, which includes the coastal environment in the north and the desert environment in the south.
8-National Day:
North Sinai Governorate celebrates its National Day on April 25, commemorating the liberation of Sinai in 1982.

9-Administrative Division:

North Sinai is divided into six administrative Markazes (regions), including six cities; al-Arish, Bir al-Abed, Sheikh Zuweid, Rafah, al-Hasana and Nekhel, which are further subdivided into 85 rural local units. The largest Markaz’s area is Bir al-Abed, followed by Rafah.

Related Stories

Most Visited

From To