28 June 2022 01:46 PM

Active popular societies in Egypt

Monday، 20 July 2009 - 12:00 AM

* Integrated Care Society

* Future Generation Foundation
A nonprofit organization aiming to enhance workforce performance through human resources development activities. It was established in 1998.

The Future Generation Foundation aimed to provide training programs for developing and qualifying the human cadres in order to gain the basic skills necessary for the economic work in our new world. Through its activities, the foundation aims to upgrade concepts of work mechanisms in the economic institutions for the sake of a well-being society and a pioneering role for the Egyptian economy in the region as well as a distinguished status on the world map.

For more information, please contact:
E-mail: fgf@fgf.org.eg
Website: www.fgf-egypt.com

* Association for Human Rights Legal Aid
The association was established in 1999 on hands of a team of human rights activists with the purpose of spreading culture of human rights, providing the legal support for victims of human rights violations, increasing the awareness of human right among a broader segment of citizens. This, in addition to abolishing laws which do not coincide with the Egyptian constitution or international agreements, conventions and treaties on human rights signed by the Egyptian government.

For more information, please contact:

E-mail: ahrla@ahrla.org.
Website: www.ahrla.org

Woman and Society

The Woman and Society Foundation was established in 1994 aiming to build the human potentials with the purpose of creating effective social participation. The foundation adopts the issues which support woman in different fields based on education and training as the main entrance for human development thus leading to the comprehensive development.

For more information, please contact:
E-mail: women_society@ yahoo.com

Egypt has experienced the voluntary activities over many years ago based upon the concept of "Kheir". The network of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) includes more than 16.800 ones practicing various activities in education, culture, charities and other services.

NGOs are a key partner on the way of development and progress. Therefore, the state provided NGOs with material support and legal protection to perform their works on a basis of freedom.

These organizations play the role of mediator between individuals and state. They exert efforts to spread knowledge, awareness, culture of democracy, mobilization of collective and individual efforts for more socioeconomic development, influencing the public policies and deepening the concept of social solidarity.

History of NGOs in Egypt dates back to the 17th century, where the first one was established in 1821 under the name of the Greek Organization in Alexandria. In Egypt, there are cultural organizations such as Egypt Society for researches in history of the Egyptian civilization in 1859, Knowledge Society in 1868, Geographical Society in 1875. There are religious organizations such as the Islamic Charity Society in 1878 and Coptic Charity Efforts Society in 1881.

According to Article 30 of Egypt’s constitution which stipulates right of Egyptians to establish organizations, the number of NGOs increased from 159 between 1900 and 1924 to reach 633 between 1925 and 1944.

Since mid-1970s, the number of NGOs increased significantly to reach 16.800 including nearly 3 million members and covering various fields.

Since foundation, the NGOs played key and several roles in providing services in different fields as follows:

1- Childhood and motherhood.
2- Family care.
3- Social assistances.
4- Aging care.
5- Handicapped and those of special need care.
6- Cultural, scientific and religious services.
7- Development of local communities.
8- Organization and management.
9- Prisoners care.
10- Family planning.
11- Friendship between the Egyptian people and other friendly peoples.
12- Cultural activity.
13- Social defense.
14- Pensioners.
15- Environment protection.
16- Development of family’s economy and income.
17- Consumer protection.

- Egypt has adopted some steps to reform the institutional and legislative framework which organizes activity of NGOs through issuing Law No. 84 for the Year 2002 and its Executive Regulations in order to help in the development of their work. This law represents a quantum leap where it eliminated all administrative constraints and opened new fields of work to include all productive and services activities which participate in the social development and increase job opportunities for youths.

- The law stressed right of NGOs in practicing activities in defense of human rights as well as rights of women and children. It stipulated a number of advantages and exemptions necessary for their activities. This law also facilitated the establishment of NGOs as a mechanism for financing the social and charity activities based on efficiency in using resources.

- There are primary responsibilities before the voluntary work in many vital fields concerning future of Egypt topped by:

* Facing the overpopulation which threatens efforts of development in Egypt including the decrease of average per capita income, level of education and other general services. * Participation in eliminating illiteracy and developing education and culture among girls.
* Participation in creating job opportunities through encouraging and supporting small projects and self-operating activities.
* Activity of family, motherhood, childhood and handicapped care represents one of the most important fields in which NGOs play a key role in Egypt. This activity shows values of social solidarity and harmony in Egypt.
* Participation in increasing the level environmental awareness among individuals, while taking different initiatives to improve positions of environment.

- During the meeting of the Board of Directors of NGOs Union in March 2004, it set a future work plan for NGOs including several projects as follows:

* Project of preparing a database for NGOs in Egypt.
* Project of connecting all NGOs in Egypt to a unified information network.
* Project of developing potentials of NGOs board members through a comprehensive training program.
* Project of increasing women participation in voluntary work and establishing voluntary centers.

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