25 April 2024 12:20 AM

Petroleum and mineral wealth

Monday، 08 May 2023 - 11:41 PM

Egypt has huge amounts of mineral wealth which can contribute effectively to reviving the Egyptian economy.
The development of mineral wealth in Egypt with the aim of making it an essential element of the national income is considered a national goal that must be planned and seriously worked for to achieve it based on the fact that mineral wealth in any country in the world is one of the main pillars on which it relies in the development of its industries and the development of its economy.
The operations of exploiting these resources must be based on scientific and well-studied foundations according to a set of procedures and measures necessary to activate the search and exploration operations for these raw materials and to use the best methods for extracting and exploiting them in an economical way.
Mineral resources in Egypt are divided into three basic types:
Energy raw materials
It includes petroleum materials such as petroleum and natural gas. Solid energy raw materials include a number of types, the most important of which are:
Carbon ores:
Such as the coal that is found in the regions of Oyoun Musa and Jabal al-Maghara in North Sinai. The proven reserves in Jabal al-Maghara are 27 million tons, of which about 21 million tons are minable, and it is used as fuel for power plants, cement factories and other industries, and carbonaceous clays that are located in the regions of Bada and Thawra in the South Sinai Governorate, where the proven reserves are estimated at about 15 million tons, while the potential reserves are estimated at about 60 million tons, and oil clay which is found in the rocks above the formation of phosphates in the governorates of the Red Sea and the New Valley.
Radioactive materials:
  As uranium, which is found in the rocks of the eastern desert in the Musikat region, Mount Kattar and Sinai and is used in the production of nuclear energy.
2- Metallic ores
It includes three spectra of minerals, namely; Ferrous ores, non-ferrous ores and precious metals:
Ferrous ores:
Such as iron, which is one of the most important mineral resources that Egypt is well-known for, and it is the basis of heavy industries as it is used in the manufacture of cars, trains and construction works. The Egyptian reserves of iron ore, according to 2010 estimates, are 3.1 billion tons.
In 2011, iron production amounted to about 3.93 million tons, and its deposits are located in three regions, east of Aswan, where the geological survey estimated the initial geological reserves of iron ore east of Aswan at about 14 million tons, and the quantities of iron extracted until production stopped in 1974 were 2.7 million tons or about 24% of the total reserves suitable for economic use, according to the company’s concept at that time.
In the Bahariya Oasis, there is iron in four regions, which is Al Gadeeda, where the  proven reserves of iron ore in it in 2005 amounted to 71 million tons, sufficient for the country for only 21 years, while in the regions of Gharabi, Nasser and Al-Hara, the balance of ore is about 7.5 million tons, but it is not exploited due to the presence of a large percentage of manganese, which makes the ore unsuitable for use in the blast furnace in its condition without treatment or concentration to remove impurities. As for the Eastern Desert iron ore, its reserves were estimated in 1964 at 53 million tons.
Ilmenite is located in the Abu Ghalaqa region, south of the eastern desert, where the reserves are estimated at about 40 million tons, of which the proven reserves are 25 million tons, and a potential reserve of 15 million tons, and in black sands along the northern coast east of Alexandria, up to Al-Arish. The reserve is about 7 million tons.
And manganese, which is located in the Umm Bejama region in the Sinai, Ish Al-Malaha, Day Al-Ma’alik, Jabal Elba and Abu Ramad, whose reserves amounted to about 120 thousand tons, 50% of which has been exploited since 1955, and it is used in the steel industry, dry batteries, in the paint industry, as well as in the chemical industries, and the value of Egypt’s manganese exports amounted in 2007 to 11.31 million pounds.
Chromium, which is found in Bramiya, Ras Shaith, Abu Dahr, Wadi al-Ghadeer, Jabal al-Jarf, Umm Kabu, and is used in the manufacture of strong steel and heat-resistant alloys, jet engines, gas turbines, leather tanning and dyes, thermal industries and photography, but its reserves are uncertain as it ranges Between (2000 - 5000 tons).
- Non-ferrous ores:
Such as copper, which is found in Serabit el-Khadim, Ferran, and Samra in the Sinai Peninsula, Abu Sweil, Wadi Haymur and Akram in the Eastern Desert, while zinc and lead ores are found together in some areas, such as the Umm Dughij region on the Red Sea coast.
The estimated reserves amount to about 1.6 million tons, including one million tons of confirmed ore, with a percentage of zinc of 14% and lead of 2%, and tin, which is located in the Wadi al-Ajlah area west of Marsa Alam, and the Muweilha area in the south of the eastern desert where the reserves are estimated at 160 tons and the Abu Dabab area where the reserves are estimated at about 850 thousand tons containing 700 tons of tin.
C- Precious Metals:
  such as silver, platinum, and gold, where there are 3 gold production sites in the eastern desert in Hamish, which produced 60 kg in 2009, Wadi Al-Alaqi, and Al-Sukari, where the first integrated factory for the production of gold, silver, and copper was established in the Al-Sukari area, and its production of gold during January 2010 reached about 911 kilos grams, and the gold reserves there increased from 3 million ounces in May 2005 to 13 million ounces in 2010 (15), and Egypt is ranked 38 according to the World Gold Council, as its total reserves of gold in May 2012 amounted to 75.6 tons.
Gold reserves in the Sukari mine alone amounted to 14 million ounces of gold. 34 tons of gold  reserves were produced in some areas of the eastern desert, such as the Anoud region with 33 thousand tons, Al Baramiyya with 280 thousand tons, Hanjila with 500 thousand tons, Al Sabahiya with 83 thousand tons, Umm Oud with 15.6 thousand tons, and Abu Marwat 290 thousand tons.
3- Non-metallic ores:
It includes raw materials for chemical industries and fertilizers, ores for refractories and ceramics, raw materials for building and paving materials, ornamental stones, and precious and semi-precious stones.
Characteristics of the Egyptian mineral wealth
These raw materials are distinguished by the fact that they have large reserves that are found in suitable places and locations and are penetrated by or close to them through main or secondary roads and their appropriate proximity to export places from various ports. Also, the extraction and processing of the produced raw materials do not need complex technology. The open mine (quarry) is of little cost and is easy to process and manufacture for any number of products, each of which has its own industrial uses at the local and international levels.
As for the proximity of these sites to specialized employment sites, especially in the governorates of Qena and Aswan, it is a comparative advantage of great importance in this industry.
The development of performance within the petroleum sector and the comprehensive reforms implemented by the Egyptian state under the leadership of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi enabled the sector to face unprecedented challenges that the world is going through, represented by the challenges resulting from the Corona pandemic and now the Russian-Ukrainian crisis, the effects of which are being dealt with according to scenarios that would not have been possible to prepare had the reform and modernization and development been delayed. They succeeded in eliminating the crises that Egypt was experiencing.

The results and performance of the Egyptian petroleum sector during the 8 years (2014-2022) indicate the efficiency of planning and implementation of the strategic goals set by the ministry and set out to achieve them through an integrated vision to develop and modernize the sector and a national economic reform program, explaining that the years of this period witnessed growth in Egypt’s resources from Natural gas, optimal exploitation of it, unprecedented development of oil refineries, value-added industries, infrastructure, sustainability in securing fuel supplies, as well as a shift in the performance of petroleum public sector companies, in the field of mining, digital transformation, coping with climate change, and other areas of the petroleum industry. These results would not have been achieved without what Strong foundations and good business planning were laid and managed by an efficient economic administration that took into account the sector’s keeping pace with the country’s development efforts, while modernizing and developing it, and making the best use of the political leadership’s direction in achieving real economic reform served by political stability.
Financial and economic indicators for the petroleum sector:
  The Egyptian petroleum sector’s exports increased to reach about $13 billion in 2021, equivalent to about EGP 208 billion, compared to $7 billion in 2020, an increase of 84.3%.
The value of Egypt's exports of natural gas and liquefied gas increased in a record way during the year 2021 by 770%, as the gas liquefaction plant in Damietta was restarted and the export of liquefied gas resumed after a hiatus of 8 years. A and gas export plant in Idku, was operated and natural and liquefied gas was exported during the period from January to the end of April 2022, at a value of 3.9 billion dollars, equivalent to 63 billion pounds, due to the increase in international prices.
Shifting from achieving a deficit in the petroleum trade balance to achieving a surplus, as the sector had achieved for the first time in many years a surplus in the trade balance for the year 2018/2019 amounting to about 9.9 billion pounds. The surplus in the oil trade balance during the year 2021 amounted to about 46.4 billion pounds.
The amount transferred from the petroleum sector to the state’s public treasury for the year 2020/2021 amounted to about 33 billion pounds, compared to a deficit of about 77.4 billion pounds in 2016/2017.
The total investments achieved in the petroleum sector until the end of April 2022 amounted to about 1.2 trillion pounds, of which 778 billion pounds are projects that have started operating, 119 billion pounds are projects that are being studied, and 292 projects are being implemented, including 6 refining projects with a value of about 131 billion pounds, which are being implemented to increase the production capacity of petroleum derivatives and from thus reducing the import.
Converting the growth rate of the gas sector during the previous years from negative 11% to positive 25% in 2018/2019, which enabled the country to achieve self-sufficiency in gas and resume exports. The growth rate of the refining sector was about 25% in 2019/2020.
Launching and implementing the largest comprehensive development plan for petroleum public sector companies, which included the implementation of new projects, development of existing units, expansions, replacement and renovation of assets, strengthening safety systems, support for digital transformation and training of cadres. Unprecedented investments were spent to develop these companies amounting to 52 billion pounds during the period from June 2014 to June 2021.
Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Engineer Tarek El-Molla, approved the largest investment budget for the public sector, starting from the year 2022/2023, with a value of 30 billion pounds.
Attracting foreign investments to develop petroleum reserves
The petroleum sector has succeeded in advancing investment in the search for oil and gas in Egypt in order to develop petroleum wealth and achieve new discoveries, after returning to bidding and concluding petroleum agreements, which are a major cornerstone, as the following has been done during the eight years:
Ten international bids were launched during that period to search for oil and gas in the land and sea areas in each of the Mediterranean and Red sea, the Delta, the western and eastern deserts, the Gulf of Suez and Upper Egypt.
Nine bids resulted in the awarding of 39 areas for oil and gas exploration, with minimum investments of about $2.2 billion, and granting signatures of $272.6 million to international companies, including Exxon Mobil and Chevron, which represents success in attracting new partners to invest in the petroleum industry.
Signing 108 new petroleum agreements with international companies to search for oil and gas, with minimum investments of about $22 billion and signing grants of about $1.3 billion for drilling 409 exploratory wells as a minimum.
Signing 112 development contracts for new oil discoveries in the Mediterranean Sea and the western and eastern deserts, with a total of development grants estimated at $53.2 million.
Achieving 401 new oil discoveries (281 crude oil, 120 gas) in the western and eastern deserts, the Mediterranean Sea, Sinai, the Delta and the Gulf of Suez. These discoveries added oil reserves of about 503 million barrels of oil and condensate, and about 39.9 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Launching the Egypt Upstream Gateway for marketing and promoting research and exploration areas globally in February 2021, which is in line with the country’s direction to support digital transformation, which requires providing digital infrastructure and advanced electronic applications to preserve geological, geophysical and production data and managing global bidding tours for research of  oil and gas.
Preparing an investment map for bidding areas and using modern methods in marketing operations and promoting opportunities and activities for research, exploration and production through geological studies of the various basins, in addition to preparing trained technical cadres, which will contribute to increasing production rates.
Indeed, bids are being put up, including three international bids that were put up during the year 2021.
Advanced projects for seismic survey and geophysical data collection
A number of regional seismic survey projects have been implemented and an integrated digital information center has been established (Egypt Exploration and Production Gateway) within the framework of the first program for the development and modernization project of the petroleum sector for attracting investments in the field of research and production, the most important of which:
The second phase of the 3D seismic survey is currently being completed in the Red Sea, with an area of 13,000 square kilometers, at a cost of $74.5 million.
A 3D seismic survey program is being implemented for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea using Nodes technology for an area of 329 square kilometers at a cost of $35 million.
Attracting foreign investments to develop petroleum reserves
The petroleum sector has succeeded in advancing investment in the search for oil and gas in Egypt in order to develop petroleum wealth and achieve new discoveries, after returning to bidding and concluding petroleum agreements, which are a major cornerstone, as the following has been done during the eight years:
10 international bids were launched during that period to search for oil and gas in land and sea areas in both the Mediterranean and Red Seas, the Delta, the western and eastern deserts, the Gulf of Suez and Upper Egypt.
(9) bids resulted in the awarding of 39 areas for oil and gas exploration, with minimum investments of about $2.2 billion, and granting signatures of $272.6 million to international companies, including Exxon Mobil and Chevron, which represents success in attracting new partners to invest in the petroleum industry. The Egyptian company is one of the giant international companies, and the offers of international companies are currently being evaluated for the last bid.
Signing 108 new petroleum agreements with international companies to search for oil and gas, with minimum investments of about $22 billion and signing grants of about $1.3 billion for drilling 409 exploratory wells as a minimum.
Signing 112 development contracts for new oil discoveries in the Mediterranean Sea and the western and eastern deserts, with a total of development grants estimated at $53.2 million.
Achieving 401 new oil discoveries (281 crude oil, 120 gas) in the western and eastern deserts, the Mediterranean Sea, Sinai, the Delta and the Gulf of Suez. These discoveries added oil reserves of about 503 million barrels of oil and condensate, and about 39.9 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.
Launching the Egypt Upstream Gateway for marketing and promoting research and exploration areas globally in February 2021, which is in line with the country’s direction to support digital transformation, which requires providing digital infrastructure and advanced electronic applications to preserve geological, geophysical and production data and manage global bidding tours for research about oil and gas.
Preparing an investment map for bidding areas and using modern methods in marketing operations and promoting opportunities and activities for research, exploration and production through geological studies of the various basins, in addition to preparing trained technical cadres, which will contribute to increasing production rates.
Advanced projects for seismic survey and geophysical data collection

Implementation of a number of regional seismic survey projects and the establishment of an integrated digital information center (Egypt Exploration and Production Gateway) within the framework of the first program of the project to develop and modernize the petroleum sector for attracting investments in the field of research and production, the most important of which:
The second phase of the three-dimensional seismic survey in the Red Sea, is undergoing with an area of 13,000 square kilometers, at a cost of $74.5 million.
A 3D seismic survey program is being implemented for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea using Nodes technology for an area of 329 square kilometers at a cost of $35 million.
The second phase of the regional seismic survey in the western Mediterranean was completed in September 2018 to record, collect and process additional two-dimensional seismic data with a length of 22 thousand km.. Based on the results of this project, major and globally classified companies such as BP, Total, Shell, Chevron and Exxon Mobil and others want to pump new investments in research, exploration and oil production in the western pristine region as soon as possible.
Seven agreements were signed in the Western Mediterranean region with ExxonMobil, BP, Total, Shell, and Chevron companies. A three-dimensional seismic survey was conducted for the first time in those areas in the Western Mediterranean, covering an area of 30.8 thousand square kilometers at a cost of $115 million. It is planned to offer the rest of the regions are in a global auction to attract more companies and investments in the western Mediterranean. Putting the Red Sea region for the first time on the investment map in the search for oil and gas after demarcating the borders with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where the first global bid was launched in March 2019 to search in the Red Sea region and award 3 major international oil companies, namely Chevron, Shell and Mubadala in 3 regions In the Red Sea, for the first time, and drilling work will start within those areas during the year 2023, and this bid came as a result of the geophysical data collection project implemented by the petroleum sector in cooperation with the International Schlumberger in that region. Signing an agreement between the Ministry of Petroleum and the Schlumberger International Company, which includes conducting an advanced seismic survey that will be implemented for the first time in Egypt to reassess petroleum resources in the Gulf of Suez region to increase crude oil reserves and production.
The regional seismic survey of an area of 820 km2 was completed in July 2020 for the Suez Gulf Petroleum Company (Gupco), as well as the completion of the seismic survey of the Neptune Company for an area of 305 km2 in July 2020, and the advanced processing of this data is now being completed at a total cost of more than $70 million. A project to collect geophysical data in open areas in southern Egypt, where the South Valley Petroleum Holding Company contracted with the English company TGS to implement a project aimed at collecting geophysical data in open land areas within its scope of work and at a cost of about 50 million dollars.
The project was completed in March 2018 covering a distance of 11 thousand km 2 as a prelude to launching future bids for research in those areas. Natural gas production jumps to unprecedented rates Photo In order to achieve the strategic objectives of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, the rate of production of petroleum wealth has witnessed a steady increase, and the most important indicators of this were the following:
The total production of petroleum wealth over the past eight years amounted to about 597 million tons, consisting of 245 million tons of crude oil, about 342 million tons of natural gas, and 10 million tons of butane gas other than butane produced by refineries and joint stock companies. Self-sufficiency in locally produced natural gas was achieved by the end of September 2018 thanks to the increase in domestic gas production as a result of the completion of the development and laying down of new phases of several gas field development projects, the most important of which are four major fields in the Mediterranean on the production map, which led to stopping the import of liquified natural gas and thus rationalizing the use of foreign exchange destined for import and reducing the import bill which constitutes a burden on the state's general budget. After achieving self-sufficiency in September 2018 and the resumption of exports, Egypt turned from the largest importer of liquefied gas between the years 2015-2017, to an exporting country, succeeding in supporting its position as a major player in the gas sector, as it ranked second in North Africa and the Middle East in the production of natural gas. And the fourteenth globally in the production of natural gas in 2020, after it was ranked eighteenth globally in 2015. Achieving the highest production rate of petroleum wealth in the history of Egypt in August 2019, reaching about 1.9 million barrels per day of crude oil, gas and condensates.
Projects to develop the discovered fields The volume of projects that have been accomplished for the development and production of natural gas and crude oil over the past eight years reveals the main factor for development in the production of petroleum wealth and reaching these levels. 48 projects have been implemented in this field with a total investment of about $33.4 billion.
The most important of which are: First: natural gas production projects, the most important of which are: Zohr field development project: Photo President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi inaugurated the project on January 31, 2018, from which trial production had begun on December 15, 2017. It aims to reach production rates of 3.2 billion cubic feet of gas per day, at a total investment cost of about $15.6 billion (the cost until the end of the project’s life).
Production from the field began 28 months after the discovery, which is a world record, as this period ranges from 6 to 8 years. Nooros Field Development Project: It will add new production of natural gas estimated at about 1.1 billion cubic feet of gas per day.
The cost of the project is about $290 million, as 15 wells were put on production during the period from August 2015 to July 2018. Atoll Field Development Project in North Damietta (Pharaonic / British): It adds an estimated production of 350 million cubic feet of gas per day, 10 thousand barrels of condensates per day, and the investment cost is about $855 million by putting 3 wells on production in December 2017.
North Alexandria and West Nile Delta Fields Development Project: It works to develop the reserves discovered in deep waters of natural gas and condensates, which are estimated at about 5 trillion cubic feet of gas from five fields (Libra-Tors-Giza-Fyoum-Raven). The total investment cost of the project is about $9.3 billion. This project has been implemented on 3 stages.
The project of the ninth phase in the deep water fields of the West Delta (Burollos / Dutch Shell):
It produces about 435 million cubic feet per day of gas and 9.93 thousand barrels of condensates per day, and its investment cost is about $775 million, as 8 wells were put on production during the period from October 2018 to April 2020.
Southwest Baltim Region Development Project - in the Mediterranean Sea - Italian company Petrobel / Eni: It is the necessary facilities to absorb an estimated amount of 400 million cubic feet of gas/day by drilling 4 wells in the southwest region of Baltim.
The cost of the project is about $363 million. The wells were put on production during the period from September 2019 to April 2020. Project for the development of fields in the Desouk region, phase (b) (Desouk-Dia, Germany):
It is working on producing about 90 million cubic feet per day by placing 9 wells on production, with investments amounting to about $30 million. A number of 9 wells on production was completed in the period from December 2018 to October 2019. Nidoku-Gamil-Delta Pipeline Project (Italy's Petrobel/Eni): It works to transfer about 700 million cubic feet per day from the production of the Nidoku field in the Delta to the Gemayel treatment plant in Port Said to increase the extraction of butane and condensate and the ability to process larger quantities of gases. The project consists of 2 land lines, and the first line (Nidoko-Abu Madi) has been operated by the end of January 2019, and the second line (Abu Madi – Al-Jameel) was put into operation in May 2019.
The cost of the project is $300 million. Completion of the development of North Sinai fields, the third phase (North Sinai / NOSEPCO):
 It works to produce quantities of natural gas amounting to about 25 million cubic feet/day by drilling 3 wells with the manufacture and installation of three offshore platforms and connecting them to the main line Qatar 22.
The cost of the project is about 87 million dollars, and the wells have been completed on production 
Seven agreements were signed in the Western Mediterranean region with ExxonMobil, BP, Total, Shell, and Chevron companies. A three-dimensional seismic survey was conducted for the first time in those areas in the Western Mediterranean, covering an area of 30.8 thousand square kilometers at a cost of $115 million.
It is planned to offer the rest of the regions are in a global auction to attract more companies and investments in the western Mediterranean. Putting the Red Sea region for the first time on the investment map in the search for oil and gas after demarcating the borders with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where the first global bid was launched in March 2019 to search in the Red Sea region and award 3 major international oil companies, namely Chevron, Shell and Mubadala in 3 regions In the Red Sea, for the first time, and drilling work will start within those areas during the year 2023, and this bid came as a result of the geophysical data collection project implemented by the petroleum sector in cooperation with the International Schlumberger in that region.
Signing an agreement between the Ministry of Petroleum and the Schlumberger International Company, which includes conducting an advanced seismic survey that will be implemented for the first time in Egypt to reassess petroleum resources in the Gulf of Suez region to increase crude oil reserves and production. The regional seismic survey of an area of 820 km2 was completed in July 2020 for the Suez Gulf Petroleum Company (Gupco), as well as the completion of the seismic survey of the Neptune Company for an area of 305 km2 in July 2020, and the advanced processing of this data is now being completed at a total cost of more than $70 million.
A project to collect geophysical data in open areas in southern Egypt, where the South Valley Petroleum Holding Company contracted with the English company TGS to implement a project aimed at collecting geophysical data in open land areas within its scope of work and at a cost of about 50 million dollars. The project was completed in March 2018 covering a distance of 11 thousand km 2 as a prelude to launching future bids for research in those areas.
Natural gas production jumps to unprecedented rates Photo In order to achieve the strategic objectives of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, the rate of production of petroleum wealth has witnessed a steady increase, and the most important indicators of this were the following:
The total production of petroleum wealth over the past eight years amounted to about 597 million tons, consisting of 245 million tons of crude oil, about 342 million tons of natural gas, and 10 million tons of butane gas other than butane produced by refineries and joint stock companies.
Self-sufficiency in locally produced natural gas was achieved by the end of September 2018 thanks to the increase in domestic gas production as a result of the completion of the development and laying down of new phases of several gas field development projects, the most important of which are four major fields in the Mediterranean on the production map, which led to stopping the import of liquified natural gas and thus rationalizing the use of foreign exchange destined for import and reducing the import bill which constitutes a burden on the state's general budget.
After achieving self-sufficiency in September 2018 and the resumption of exports, Egypt turned from the largest importer of liquefied gas between the years 2015-2017, to an exporting country, succeeding in supporting its position as a major player in the gas sector, as it ranked second in North Africa and the Middle East in the production of natural gas. And the fourteenth globally in the production of natural gas in 2020, after it was ranked eighteenth globally in 2015.
Achieving the highest production rate of petroleum wealth in the history of Egypt in August 2019, reaching about 1.9 million barrels per day of crude oil, gas and condensates. Projects to develop the discovered fields The volume of projects that have been accomplished for the development and production of natural gas and crude oil over the past eight years reveals the main factor for development in the production of petroleum wealth and reaching these levels. 48 projects have been implemented in this field with a total investment of about $33.4 billion.
The most important of which are:
First: natural gas production projects, the most important of which are:
Zohr field development project:

President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi inaugurated the project on January 31, 2018, from which trial production had begun on December 15, 2017. It aims to reach production rates of 3.2 billion cubic feet of gas per day, at a total investment cost of about $15.6 billion (the cost until the end of the project’s life). Production from the field began 28 months after the discovery, which is a world record, as this period ranges from 6 to 8 years.
Nooros Field Development Project:
It will add new production of natural gas estimated at about 1.1 billion cubic feet of gas per day. The cost of the project is about $290 million, as 15 wells were put on production during the period from August 2015 to July 2018. Atoll Field Development Project in North Damietta (Pharaonic / British): It adds an estimated production of 350 million cubic feet of gas per day, 10 thousand barrels of condensates per day, and the investment cost is about $855 million by putting 3 wells on production in December 2017.
North Alexandria and West Nile Delta Fields Development Project:
It works to develop the reserves discovered in deep waters of natural gas and condensates, which are estimated at about 5 trillion cubic feet of gas from five fields (Libra-Tors-Giza-Fyoum-Raven).
The total investment cost of the project is about $9.3 billion. This project has been implemented on 3 stages. The project of the ninth phase in the deep water fields of the West Delta (Burollos / Dutch Shell): It produces about 435 million cubic feet per day of gas and 9.93 thousand barrels of condensates per day, and its investment cost is about $775 million, as 8 wells were put on production during the period from October 2018 to April 2020. Southwest Baltim Region Development Project - in the Mediterranean Sea - Italian company Petrobel / Eni: It is the necessary facilities to absorb an estimated amount of 400 million cubic feet of gas/day by drilling 4 wells in the southwest region of Baltim. The cost of the project is about $363 million.
The wells were put on production during the period from September 2019 to April 2020. Project for the development of fields in the Desouk region, phase (b) (Desouk-Dia, Germany): It is working on producing about 90 million cubic feet per day by placing 9 wells on production, with investments amounting to about $30 million.
A number of 9 wells on production was completed in the period from December 2018 to October 2019. Nidoku-Gamil-Delta Pipeline Project (Italy's Petrobel/Eni):
It works to transfer about 700 million cubic feet per day from the production of the Nidoku field in the Delta to the Gemayel treatment plant in Port Said to increase the extraction of butane and condensate and the ability to process larger quantities of gases.
The project consists of 2 land lines, and the first line (Nidoko-Abu Madi) has been operated by the end of January 2019, and the second line (Abu Madi – Al-Jameel) was put into operation in May 2019. The cost of the project is $300 million.
Completion of the development of North Sinai fields, the third phase (North Sinai / NOSEPCO):
It works to produce quantities of natural gas amounting to about 25 million cubic feet/day by drilling 3 wells with the manufacture and installation of three offshore platforms and connecting them to the main line Qatar 22. The cost of the project is about 87 million dollars, and the wells have been completed on production from January 22 to June 2022.
Second: Crude oil production projects, the most important of which are:
Reproduction project from the offshore field of Helal in the Gulf of Suez The initial production adds about 5 thousand barrels per day of crude oil, and the wells were entered successively, starting from March 2015 until November 2015, and the investment cost is about 234 million dollars.
Construction of four berths in the fields of the General Petroleum Corporation:
It works on the production and transportation of crude oil from 12 offshore wells in the fields of hh & nao se alhamd & hh2 in the Gulf of Suez region, with the aim of increasing the total production by about 10.5 thousand barrels of oil per day, and the investment cost is about $134 million. The construction and connection of the two berths hh & nao in January 2018, and the construction and connection of the two berths HH2 & SE Alhamd were completed in January and April 2021.
Amazing Field Development Project (Petroznima Company):

To accommodate the expected production of crude oil, estimated at about 6,000 barrels of oil per day, by constructing an offshore platform and replacing the leased floating storage unit with a new line (sea / land) with a length of about 13 km. The offshore facilities were operated in September 2016 and the line in June 2021. The investment cost is about $180 million.
Improving services provided to citizens
The policy of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources aims to raise the level of services provided to citizens, and to support the system of distributing petroleum products such as butane, gasoline, diesel, and natural gas to achieve the goal of reaching all consumers throughout the Republic with ease. In this regard, several measures were taken during the period. 
Connecting natural gas to houses
Within the framework of the support of the political leadership and its continuous follow-up of projects to expand the use of natural gas for houses to achieve social justice, especially for the governorates and regions most in need, and to reduce the burden on citizens in obtaining butane gas cylinders and on the state’s general budget in importing butane gas, a boom has been achieved in the use of natural gas as a substitute for butane over the past eight years, to ensure enhanced utilization of this civilized service, which provides clean fuel that is less costly and burdensome for citizens.
Expanding the use of compressed natural gas as a fuel for fueling cars
Within the framework of implementing the presidential initiative to expand the use of natural gas as fuel in cars, the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources is implementing an ambitious program to expand the activity of converting cars to run on natural gas and increase the number of fuel stations with compressed natural gas, as well as centers for converting cars to run on natural gas at the level of the Republic.
Second: Crude oil production projects, the most important of which are:
Reproduction project from the offshore field of Helal in the Gulf of Suez The initial production adds about 5 thousand barrels per day of crude oil, and the wells were entered successively, starting from March 2015 until November 2015, and the investment cost is about 234 million dollars.

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