26 May 2024 05:36 PM

Local Administration

Assiut Governorate

Monday، 15 May 2023 - 11:23 AM

Assiut Governorate is one of the oldest and largest governorates in Egypt. It is considered the trade center of south Egypt. It has the First regional university, which is Asuuit University.

Assiut is famous for the manufacture of Kleem (rug), upholstery and furniture since ancient times. It also has a number of large and developed industries such as cement, fertilizers, petroleum refining, medicines, ginning and spinning of cotton. Six industrial zones have been established in the centers of Assiut governorate.

1- The most important landmarks of Assiut Governorate:

Umawy mosque:

The Great Umayyad Mosque is one of the oldest mosques dating back to the Umayyad era. It was developed in the Mamluk era twice and was rebuilt and renovated during the reign of King Fuad I. This mosque is one of the important tourist attractions in Assiut Governorate.

Monastery of the Virgin Mary:

The Monastery of the Virgin Mary in the Western Mountain in the city of Assiut is considered one of the most important holy places for Christians in Egypt and outside Egypt. The monastery is located in the Western Mountain of the city of Assiut, at an altitude of one hundred meters from the surface of the earth. This monastery gained its fame and status from the visit of the Virgin Mary and Jesus during the Holy Family's journey to Egypt, as this monastery was the last place for the Holy Family, and from there they returned to Palestine.

The Monastery of Al Muharraq:

The Monastery of the Virgin Mary Muharraq in Mount Qusqam, known simply as the Monastery of Muharraq, is a Christian monastery affiliated with the Coptic Orthodox Church, 12 km from the city of Al-Qusiya in Assiut Governorate. The prayers are in the ancient Coptic language, and it is a global religious tourist attraction that tourists from all over the world come to perform the rituals of the Christian religion after the Church of the Nativity in Palestine.

Mier archaeological tombs:

It is located west of the village of Mir, the center of Al-Qusia, which is 65 km northwest of Assiut. It includes a group of tombs carved into the body of the mountain to be a cemetery, the capital of the ancient region of the princes and rulers of the fourteenth district, which was known as “Kees”, in Roman times it was known as “Kusai”, and its idol was the god Hathor.

Al-Majzoub archaeological bridge:

The archaeological bridge of Majzoub is considered one of the most important water installations in the governorate of Assiut. It was established in the year 1836AD-1251H during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha.

Islamic commercial agencies:

It is a commercial city dating back to the Ottoman era. It is located on Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha Street. It includes many mosques. Such as the mosque of Sidi Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, and shops for the trade of copper, scrap, and handmade fabrics, and agencies such as Shalaby Agency and Lotfi Agency, built in the Ottoman style.

Mujahideen Mosque:

It is one of the oldest mosques in Assiut, and it is one of the hanging mosques, as it is located on a high hill.

Alexan Pasha Palace:

Al-Alexan Pasha Palace is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Assiut, and the only one registered as an archaeological palace in the governorate. The palace extends over an area of more than 8 thousand square meters.

Wadi Al-Assiuti Nature Reserve: 

The Delta of Wadi Habib is located 60 km from Assiut, and its area is about 5,000 acres. It contains a variety of historical nature, in addition to the mineral and geological structures of civilization. It has shallow surface waterways resulting from torrential rains that occur during the rainy seasons. There are some wild plants, which are rare herbs, as well as there are wild animals such as deer and rare reptiles, and it is considered a center for training, culture, and adventure tourism.

Archeology Museum at Al-Salam School:

This museum is located in the School of El Salam in the war and peace square in Assiut. The museum includes a large collection of artifacts from different eras, as it includes antiquities from the pre-dynastic era, the Pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic eras, in addition to Sudanese antiquities and antiquities from Ethiopia.

2- Location:

It is located on the banks of the Nile and is bordered on both sides by the eastern and western mountain ranges, with a width ranging between 10 and 20 km. The governorate of Assiut mediates the governorates of Minya in the north, Sohag in the south, the Red Sea in the east, and the New Valley in the west. Surrounded by chains of marble mountains.

3- The area

The area of Assiut governorate is 25,926 square kilometers.

4- Population:

The population of Assiut Governorate is 4,961,951, according to statistics issued by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), on 7-27-2022.

5- Governorate Map:

6- Assiut Governor:

Major General / Jamal Noureddine Muhammad Zaki

7- Emblem:

The emblem of Assiut Governorate appears, including its symbol, which is the Assiut Barrage in brown, the eagle of Saladin in yellow, the symbol of strength, and the olive branch, the symbol of peace, in green.

8-National day:

Assiut celebrates its national day on April 18 of each year as a sincere expression of loyalty, appreciation and reverence for the people of the village of Bani Uday who stood against the French under the leadership of Sheikh Hassan Al-Khatib. It is an example of heroism and redemption, as more than three thousand people gathered in it, and 450 Egyptian Bedouins and 300 Mamluks joined them, and the French general Dafoe with his soldiers, intending to seize it, and when he reached it, he found all the people carrying weapons, and the battle ended. With the inability of the French to seize the village.

9- Administrative division:

The governorate consists of 11 cities, namely: Assiut (the capital), Dayrut, Al-Qusiya, Abnoub, Manfalut, Abu Tig, Al-Ghanayem, Sahel Salim, Al-Badari, Sidfa, Al-Fath. It also includes 55 rural units comprising 235 villages and 908 Kafr and Nagaa’.

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