28 May 2024 07:47 AM

Local Administration

Marsa Matrouh Governorate

Monday، 15 May 2023 - 08:21 PM

Matrouh Governorate is one of the border governorates of Egypt, and its capital is the city of Marsa Matrouh. The governorate is considered the second largest governorate of Egypt in terms of area, after the New Valley.

Matrouh has great economic importance in the agricultural field, as there are many crops such as olives and dates in Siwa, figs along the northern coast, wheat and green barley in Hammam, Dabaa, Barani and Marsa Matrouh.

Since it has abundant water resources, including the underground water, floods, rain, and natural springs as well as al-Nassr Tributary project, the governorate has huge potentials for agricultural development.

Matrouh adds to Egypt's touristic assets being rich in its natural, historical and religious potentials and historical sites. In this context, Matrouh can be a shrine for different kinds of tourism. Matrouh sand coast extends over 450 km and is ripped by peaceful bays providing a sense of safety for tourists.

The governorate is endowed with several attractions, most important of which are: Marina Monastery, the Mass Graves, the Military Museum in Alamein, Rumelle Museum, Ramses II Temple in Oum el-Rakham, Cleopatra Bath, Siwa Oasis, and Seedy Soliman mosque as well as the hot sand that cures dermatitis and rheumatism diseases.

1-The most important features of Matrouh Governorate:

Siwa Oasis:

Siwa Oasis is considered a therapeutical natural resort due to its dry climate throughout the year and the nature of its hot sands, which have properties that make them able to treat many rheumatic diseases, joint pain and spine pain.
Therefore, the oasis was a place from ancient times for those seeking treatment. The priests of the Temple of Amun were famous for their skill in predictions, which prompted Cambyses the Persian to prepare a famous campaign that ended under the sands of the desert. Alexander’s campaign that ended with him in the oasis increased its fame and It increased the richness of its history, which was spread in the Greek era, then the Roman era, and the ancients discovered since ancient times the elements of medical tourism, which were represented in the dryness of the weather and the large number of water springs that rush from the ground.

Cleopatra area (Hamamat Cleopatra):

It is located northwest of Marsa Matruh, about 8 kilometers away. It is one of the most prominent natural landmarks in Marsa Matruh, and it is also one of the most beautiful bays overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.

Cleopatra Beach in Marsa Matruh is characterized by its huge rock formations and high waves, to allow the visitor to have a natural bath and at the same time help them to relax and enjoy the sun.

Agiba Beach:
Agiba Beach in Marsa Matruh is one of the most beautiful beaches in it and one of the most beautiful waterfronts in Egypt. It is distinguished by its unique nature, turquoise water, and strange rock formation. It is considered one of the best places in Marsa Matruh.

Salt cave:

The cave is located in the Bedouin village, seven kilometers west of the city. This cave is famous for its salt, which helps to remove negative energy. It is also used to treat many diseases such as sinusitis, asthma allergy, and some skin diseases.

Temple of Ramesses II:

24 km south of Marsa Matruh, you can explore the ruins of the Temple of Ramesses II, which dates back to the Twenty-sixth Dynasty (1200 BC). This site is known as "Umm al-Rakhm" and was discovered by the Egyptian archaeologist Labib Habash in 1942. The site includes some wonderful hieroglyphic inscriptions that refer to the ancient Egyptian pharaoh.

Mountain of the Dead:

There are several tombs carved into the rock, four of which contain colorful scenes. They are the tombs of Amon-Ni Barbathutu Isis, the crocodile tomb, and the tomb of Amun enriched it with drawings.

Rumelle Museum:

The Rommel Museum dates back to the Greco-Roman era, where it lies in a U-shaped cave inside the mountain. The entrance is an opening. It was named after the son of the German commander Rommel. It was used for several purposes, including as a fortress on the sea directly to escape if conditions worsened during Rommel's era, and as a warehouse. For wheat, barley and water to be exported to the Roman states, and as storage of supplies to supply ships with their needs.

Roman burial grounds:

There are tombs in Agiba, 25 km west of Matrouh, which were built by the Romans during their rule of Egypt, and they chose this place because of the beauty of nature.

Al-Ameed Reserve:

The reserve is located in the desert, it is distinguishes with the sand dunes, swamps, salt flats, valleys and depressions, and there are 170 species of plants that bear the desert environment in the reserve.

Military Museum in Alamein:

One of the most famous museums in Matrouh Governorate, which displays the most famous weapons used by the Axis Powers and the Allies, the two parties to the conflict in World War II, and some maps and military equipment.

Matrouh Museum:

It was inaugurated by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi via video conference during his inauguration of the new city of El Alamein. It is located in Matrouh Public Library and includes 10,000 artifacts from different eras.


Marsa Matrouh governorate lies in the Western North of the Republic. It extends along the Mediterranean Sea from Kilo 41 West of Alexandria to el-Saloum in the West. It is bordered in the West by Libya up to South of Siwa and by New Valley governorate in the South and in the East by Alexandria, el-Beheira.

3-Total area: 

The area of Matruh is 166563.00 Km2, which is about 16% of the area of Egypt.


The population of Matrouh Governorate is 530,270, according to the statistics issued by the Central Agency for Mobilization and Statistics on July 27, 2022.

5- Governorate Map:


Major General Khaled Shuaib.


Gear: It expresses the mineral wealth that the governorate abounds with and the prospects for the expected industrial development in the field of industry.

The deer jumping to the east, taking the sun disk as its center, expresses the desert environment that extends in the governorate, which includes rare animals.

Palm: Refers to Siwa Oasis, which is characterized by high quality dates.
Mining Tower: refers mainly to the oil and natural gas fields.

Land: The land was used in its distinctive color to express the desert and the beach and the gains that can be achieved from the investment of the vast land.

Amwaj al-Bahr: The governorate is famous for the beauty of its beaches, with its multi-coloured clear water, fine white sand.

8- National Day:
The celebration of the governorate’s National Day was changed from August 24 to December 15 of each year, to coincide with the real anniversary of the battle of Wadi Majid between the sons of Matrouh tribes and the British occupation forces in 1915, with the participation of Saleh Harb, the commander of the Egyptian army in the Western Desert at that time.

9-Administrative division:

Matrouh includes 8 administrative centers: Marsa Matrouh (the capital), Al-Hamam Center, Al-Alamein Center, Al-Dabaa Center, Al-Nujaila Center, Barani Center, Al-Salloum Center, Siwa Center.

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