26 May 2024 05:19 PM

Remains of a sunken ship and pottery jars were discovered in the El Alamein area

Saturday، 11 November 2023 - 12:12 AM
Remains of a sunken ship and pottery jars were discovered in the El Alamein area

An archaeological mission from the Central Department of Sunken Antiquities at the Supreme Council of Antiquities, in Egypt has discovered the remains of a sunken ship from the third century BC in a site at the Mediterranean Sea, roughly 650 meters from the beach of el-Alamein, alongside various ancient jars.

The Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Mostafa Waziri, said that Alamein was of commercial importance on the northern coast in the third century BC, with many commercial ports there.

The discovery also provides new evidence of the status of Egypt and the region in terms of trade, economy and tourism, Waziri added, in addition to its scientific importance.



The head of the Egyptian antiquities sector at the Supreme Council of Antiquities Ayman Ashmawy, explained that during archaeological survey work in the region remains of the sunken ship’s wood were found alongside hundreds of pieces of pottery.

These included a large number of jars (amphoras) imported from the island of Rhodes in Greece, which were used in ancient times in the storage and transportation of wine.

Ashmawy noted that these jars were found resting on a sunken island next to the ship, which indicates that the ship sank after it collided with the island during its commercial voyage.

Islam Salim, head of the Central Administration for Sunken Antiquities, explained that this archaeological site was reached through engineer Hussein Musharraf a, owner of a marine survey company, who saw the remains of the sunken ship while his company was conducting survey work in this area, and who in turn notified the Supreme Council of Antiquities, where he, Immediately, an archaeological scientific team from the Central Administration of Sunken Antiquities headed to the El Alamein area and began diving and archaeological survey work to explore the site and determine its historical and archaeological importance.

He added that studies conducted by the work team indicate that the ship that was found is a commercial ship, dating back to the third century BC, which explains the flow of commercial movement between Egypt and the Mediterranean countries at that time, as it is known that the northern coast. It included about 30 villages, cities, and ports during the Greek and Roman eras, the most important of which were the ports of Marsa Matruh, Dabaa, and Marina El Alamein. These ports were stops on the way for ships coming from North Africa and Southern Europe to Alexandria. Food products, including wine, were also exported. Olives, and grains from the ports of the northern coast to North Africa, southern Europe, and the eastern Mediterranean.

The mission completed the archaeological documentation of the finds using a three-dimensional imaging technique (Photogrammetry).

The Central Department of Sunken Antiquities is studying scenarios for dealing with the site’s archaeological finds and ways to safely remove them from the site and preserve them.

The mission will complete the underwater excavation work during the season to uncover more of the ship’s secrets.


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