Egypt’s Participation in the 28th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28)
Thursday، 30 November 2023 - 12:00 AM
The 28th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change is taking place in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, from 30 November to 12 December 2023.
President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi headed to Dubai, the United Aran Emirates, on Thursday 30/11/2023, to participate in the presidential segment of the 28th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28).
The President’s participation in COP28 comes upon an invitation extended by President of the United Arab Emirates, His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, whose country will assume the coming chairmanship of the Conference of the Parties, and in Egypt’s capacity as current chair of the conference.
President El-Sisi will focus during the functions of the Dubai Conference on efforts by the Egyptian chairmanship of COP27 over the past year, starting with the Sharm El-Sheikh Summit in November 2022, which was dedicated to issues of interest to developing countries, in general, and African countries, in particular. Those primarily include bolstering efforts toward advancing international climate action and emphasizing the critical need for developed countries to live-up to their pledges, within the framework of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
Egypt is participating with a delegation from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Environment, headed by Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry and Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Minister of Environment, Coordinator and Ministerial Envoy for the COP27 Climate Conference.
Egypt’s Minister of the Environment, Dr. Yasmine Fouad, Coordinator and Ministerial Envoy of the COP27 Climate Conference, will display Egypt's efforts during its presidency of the COP27.
Firstly, she will highlight the launch of the National Climate Change Strategy 2050 and the update of the Nationally Determined Contributions.
Secondly, she will explain how Egypt has advanced its goal of producing 42 percent of renewable energy by 2030, instead of 2035.
Thirdly, she will present the implementation of the “NWFE” program and the investment packages that were offered at the Environmental and Climate Investment Forum.
As co-leader of the COP28 informal consultations on climate finance and implementation mechanisms with her Canadian counterpart, the Minister of Environment will focus on advancing the issue of climate finance and communicating the voices of states parties, as well as contributing to agreement on the features of the new collective financing goal.
She will also participate in the event on Nature-Based Solutions in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (Persiga) as Chair of the current session of the Convention.
Fouad will also participate in a number of events on linking biodiversity and climate change within the conference, including the event to replicate the Egyptian model of the Eco Egypt campaign to promote eco-tourism, and the ministerial event to link the climate change and biodiversity 2030 frameworks.
In addition to holding a number of bilateral meetings with her counterparts from other countries to enhance joint cooperation at the national and international levels in the environment and climate file.
Activities of Egypt’s Participation
The Opening Session
Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry participated in the opening session of the 28th session of the United Nations Climate Conference (COP28) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, in the presence and participation of the Egyptian delegation from the Ministries of Environment and Foreign Affairs in addition to representatives of countries around the world and international organizations from more than 198 countries.
Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry officially handed over the presidency of the UN Climate Change Conference to Sultan Al-Jaber, the president-designate of the twenty-eighth session of the COP28 Conference of the parties to the convention on climate change.
In his speech, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry expressed his thanks to States Parties, observers, stakeholders, civil society and the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, for the support he received his presidency of the COP27 climate conference.
Shoukry recalled the challenging international circumstances at the time of the COP27 summit, including the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war, adding that despites these challenges, Egypt managed during its presidency to reach very crucial outcomes.
Shoukry asserted that throughout Egypt’s presidency of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP27) it managed to achieve a major leap in transition from the stage of promises and outlining rules and commitments to the stage of implementation.
Shoukry said that establishing the Loss and Damage Fund announced during Egypt’s Presidency of COP27, launching the Just Transition Action Program, and agreeing on the Mitigation Action Program reflected the firm commitment to global climate action.
He noted that COP27 opened the door for a better era in mitigating climate change impact by calling for reforming international financial institutions, highlighting the importance of renewable energy, and supporting the adaptation agenda that stipulated unprecedented outcomes on water, oceans and forests.
Shoukry pointed out that COP27 has contributed to reinforcing the climate action throughout this year through calling for the reformation of the international financial institutions and paying due attention to the renewable energy for utilization in the future.
He added that COP27 marked the launch of new era for climate action and climate change resilience.
Shoukry stressed that it is of crucial importance to continue building on previous achievements, and implement what has been agreed upon.
He added “We cannot achieve our common goals without having everyone on board, most importantly the Global South. We need to start delivering on climate justice and provide the needed tools as agreed in Sharm El-Sheikh to fund loss and damage. One of the most anticipated outcomes of COP28 is for the Loss and Damage Fund to be fully activated.”
Shoukry added that the COP27 summit also called for reforming international financial institutions, advocated for more reliance on renewable energy, and saw consensus related to water, oceans, and forests issues.
He highlighted the “worrying” climate indicators -- a reference to the declining climate finance of developed countries despite the growing costs incurred by developing countries in their fight against climate challenges.
He expressed concern about the expansion of fossil fuel exploration and production, especially coal, in countries that had previously committed to gradually reducing or eliminating its use.
Shoukry concluded his speech expressing his confidence in the upcoming leadership of Dr. Sultan Al Jaber, President of the COP28 Conference, in promoting the climate action agenda and achieving common goals.
For her part, Minister of Environment Yasmine Fouad, the Coordinator and ministerial envoy of the cop27 climate conference, explained that Egypt is keen to complete the successes and outputs achieved during her year-long presidency of the cop28 conference, through intensive cooperation with the UAE presidency of the current cop28 conference, to build on what has been achieved at the level of negotiations and initiatives, including work on activating the loss and damage fund that was announced in Sharm el-Sheikh last year, and work on the new collective goal of climate finance.
Dr.Yasmine Fouad said that through our chairmanship of the conference, Egypt has committed to accelerating the pace of transformation for sustainable (low carbon) transport, as it signed with Siemens to establish and finance high-speed electric sector lines, and also continued to implement sustainable transport plans (monorail, metro, development of the tram and railway system in Alexandria, development of transport sectors), in addition to mobilizing funding for the NWFE program, with partners from the European Construction Bank EBRD and the African Development Bank, in particular to accelerate the pace of expansion in the field of renewable energy, while using the funding provided by a number of development partners to debt swaps is among the effective tools, the development of irrigation and agriculture to reduce water losses, including projects of lining the canals.
She added that support for vulnerable groups and communities was also expanded to enhance their ability to deal with the effects of climate change, through the Decent Life initiative, and the implementation of the results of the Sharm el-Sheikh COP27 conference, including the activation of the committee to prepare recommendations on financing arrangements for developing countries to cope with losses and damage, as well as Egypt hosting two out of five meetings of the committee, as well as activating the Emissions Reduction Action Program, activating the fair transition action program, and making recommendations to the conference of the parties in Dubai.
President of COP28 Climate Change Summit Sultan Al-Jaber expressed his appreciation for Egypt’s pioneering role during the presidency of Cop27 summit in Sharm El Sheikh.
He lauded Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry’s accomplishments and commitment to achieve progress in climate change file during his presidency of the COP27 summit.
Jaber said, “Let’s rise above our differences to make the difference for future generations. You have the power to do something unprecedented.”
He further urged “Let’s unite around the agenda and restore our faith in multilateralism.”