Monday، 08 May 2000 - 12:00 AM
Located in the North Delta, Damietta Governorate is divided by the River Nile into two parts.
The Governorate is bounded by the Mediterranean to the north, Manzala Lake to the east and by the Daqahlia Governorate to the south and west.
Damietta was mentioned in Torah as "Kaftoud". In Pharaonic eras, it was known as "Tamit", which means a land of water. The Romans called it "Tamyatish"; the Coptic "Tameat"; the Arabs Damietta.
Damietta is famous for furniture, leathers, textile and sweets industries, in addition to dairy produce and rice mills as well as extracting salts, ship building, sardine and shrimp processing and canning. Also, It produces many agricultural crops such as rice, date, guava, lemon, water melon and melon.
Fishing is considered one of the most major activities of the people of Damietta. It has the biggest fishing fleet in the Mediterranean at Ezbat El-Bourg which accounts for half of Egypt’s fishing fleets.
The New Damietta port is one of Egypt’s most outstanding. It lies 8.5 Km west of the Nile mouth at Damietta 27 quays. Also, there is Ras Al Bar which is one of the most beautiful summer resorts in Egypt.
Coptic and Islamic monuments
The Byzantine church or the Greek Orthodox Church, dating back to the Byzantine era was renovated in 1845, and then restored in 1945 and 1950.
The church still houses some ancient masterpieces of which are a large size Greek Bible coated with silver, precious stones, some crowns, incense-burners, cups as well as a grand wooden icon ancient and an elaborate wooden pulpit.
As for the Islamic monuments, they date back to the Islamic-Arab conquest consisting mainly of a set of mosques and shrines such as: Amr Ibn al-A’as Mosque.
Considered the biggest and most ancient mosque in Damietta, Amr Ibn al-Aas mosque is 60 m long, 54 m wide. It comprises160 pillars of which 144 pillars still survive. Its four walls were constructed facing the four cardinal points.
It was built during Amr Ibn al-A’as reign, and renovated several times since the Fatimid age up to the modern age.
Damietta’s National Day:
Marking the day of sacrifices of people of Damietta and the crushing defeat of the Crusaders in 1125 AD, Damietta chose May 8 to be its national day.