Tuesday، 19 April 2016 - 12:00 AM
Damietta governorate is considered one of Egypt's window on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, where the meeting point with the Nile River is.
The Nile divides the governorate into two parts along its farms and plains.
The National Day
Damietta governorate celebrates its National Day on May 8th which marks the victory of the popular resistance on the Crusades forces in 1250 AD.
A boat with two sails referring to the coastal environment and water ways which surround Damietta from most sides, in addition to the craft works featured in the industry of fishing boats
Damietta is surrounded by the Mediterranean in the north and Manzala Lake in the east and Daqahlia in west and south.
Hot, dry in the Summer and mild rainy in the Winter.
The total area of the governorate is 910,30km2, equivalent to about 00.10% of Egypt's total area and its population density is 1.40 per km2.
The population of Damietta is estimated at about 1,332,376 million people (January 2015)
· Administrative division
The governorate is divided into five Markazas and ten cities:
1- Damietta (Damietta - Ezbt El-Borg Ras al-Bar]
2- El-zarka (El-zarka – El-sro)
3- Faraskor (Farskour – Alroda)
4- Kafr saad (Kafr Saad – Meet Abo-Ghalb)
5- Kafr Al-Buteekh
Kafr Saad is considered the biggest in terms of area followed by Faraskour.
The governorate includes 33 villages and New Damietta city which is 4-5 km for fromtheport.
The total area of farmland is about 114000 feddans, making up 1.27% of the total farmland in Egypt.
The agricultural production in the governorate varies between winter crops such as wheat bean linen, onion barley and summer crops like cotton rice watermelons and potatoes in addition to citrus, grapes, date, guava, banana and pear.
The industrial activity in Damietta is considered the best economic model. It depends on the human element and most of the small production units are private ones.
The governorate is famous for its craft industries, mainly furniture, dairy, desserts, shoes, spinning and weaving, fish canning, cooking oils, soap, rice mills, wheat mills, freezing and packing of vegetables and fruits.
In addition, Damietta port, which serves as a reciprocal port with the port of Alexandria, is a transit port which has the largest space for containers in Egypt. Not mention a fishing fleet and a ship building arsenal.
The governorate has an industrial free zone, east the seaport on an area of 190 feddans dedicated to industrial oriented products export and another industrial zone south New Damietta city on an area of 200 feddans.
A global logistics center for the storage of grain and seeds in Damietta port will be established. It is a giant national project to meet the local market's needs and the surrounding regional markets of grain. The project's area is about 3.350 million m2 modern silos and stone houses will be set up with a capacity of 7,5 million tons.
The total number of the schools in the governorate is 854 in the academic year [2013 - 2014] including 48 private schools, 47 ones for the technical education and 155 institutions of Al-Azhar education. Also, the University of Damietta includes 8 colleges.
· Research and healthy centers:
The governorate has about five research centers and there are four hospitals affiliated to the Ministry of Health and El-Helal Health Insurance Hospital, which has 15 renal dialysis centers. Besides Al-Azhar university hospital in addition to 10 public and central hospitals and 14 private ones.
The governorate includes 8 cultural palaces and houses and 77 public libraries and 9 cinemas.
Youth and Sport
The governorate houses 101 youth centers, which contains 74 libraries, 25 clubs and Damietta stadium.
Archaeological and Tourist Sites
Damietta has some archaeological monuments dating back to the Greco-Roman eras such as the hills of Tal Shata – El-Brachia - Qalaa – El-Ezam – El-masaara. There are bsome ancient mosques and Shrines that back date to the Islamic conquest of Egypt such as: [El-Meny Mosque, Shata Mosque and Shrine - Gamal El-din Sheha Mosque - Aboul Maaty Mosque, Matbouli mosque]. It also includes a number of churches such as: Mary George church - Virgin church – the Roman Orthodox church.
The most important tourist sights
Ras Al-Bar resort, is distinguished by its unique location, where the Nile River and the Mediterranean Sea meet with the famous Al-Lesan Zone on triangle shape. Al-Garby zone includes for a physiotherapy center. There are the dry sands that are useful in the treatment of rheumatism. The governorate has the Hanging Park, Palm and Beach, and Oraby Fort.