12 August 2022 05:45 AM

Churches and Monasteries

Wednesday، 15 June 2022 11:29 AM

During the Coptic era, Egypt knew the arts, architecture and aspects of other distinguished   cultural features of that stage, which was influenced by the

Pharaonic civilization and continued with the Greek Romanian properties to add an important link in the civilized communication on Egypt’s land, a lot of Coptic Christian monuments spread across Egypt, Cairo, Sinai, the oasis, and Fayoum.

Churches &Monasteries

 a-Churches

 1-Hanging church

 

The Hanging Church is one of the oldest churches in Egypt and the history of a church on this site dates to the 2nd century AD.

 It is called the Hanging Church because it was built on the southern of Babylon Fortress, the Roman fortress in Coptic Cairo (Old Cairo). Logs of palm trees and layers of stones were constructed above the ruins of the Roman fortress to be used as a fundament. The Hanging Church is a unique church and has a wooden roof in the shape of Noah's ark.

 

 The entrance from the street is through iron gates under a pointed stone arch. The nineteenth-century facade with twin bell towers is then seen beyond a narrow courtyard decorated with modern art biblical designs. Up the steps and through the entrance is a further small courtyard leading to the eleventh-century outer porch.

 

 

 There are three sanctuaries at the eastern side of the church, the one in the middle is dedicated to the Virgin Mary, the one to the left is named after St. George and the one to the right is named after John the Baptist. Inside the sanctuaries painted baldachins are placed above the altars.

 

 2-Abu Serga Church

 Abu Serga Church, in Coptic Cairo is one of the oldest Coptic churches in Egypt.

The Church was built in the 4th century and was probably finished during the 5th century.

 

 Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church is traditionally believed to have been built on the spot where the Holy Family, Joseph, Mary and the infant Jesus Christ, rested at the end of their journey into Egypt.

 

 The church is of significant historical importance, and in fact, it is where many patriarchs of the Coptic Church were elected.

 

It was burned during the fire of Fustat during the reign of Marwan II around 750.

 

It was then restored during the 8th century, and has been rebuilt and restored constantly since medieval times; however, it is still considered to be a model of the early Coptic churches.

 

Again, the most precious and ancient of the icons are on the southern wall. A vast central hall is

 

 3-The Church of Saint George or Mar Girgis

 

It was the most beautiful churches of the Roman fort.

 

 According to some sources.  It was built by the writer buried Athanasius about the year 684 AD, but unfortunately, it has been demolished by fire eighty years ago and built a new church place.

  Unfortunately there was nothing left of the old church except the reception hall it was called the “Bridal Hall”. It dates back to the fourteenth century.

 

 This room, which was of a length of 15 meters almost 12 meters.

 

It is divided to a “hall” two “Iwoans” near one of the iwoans, there are windows of wood inscriptions adorn the walls and prominent reliefs of plaster on the ceiling of colorful fees.

 

 

 4- Saint Barbara Church

 

 The Coptic Orthodox Church of St. Barbara is one of the many famous Coptic Orthodox parishes that can be found in the district of Coptic Cairo.

 

 The building is located on the eastern part of the Babylon Fortress and is one of the oldest buildings in Cairo, dating back to the 5th or 6th century AD.

 

However, like many other buildings of Coptic architecture, it was rebuilt several times, most notably by the end of the 11th century.

 Saint Barbara's Church has been a long-lasting example of ancient Coptic architecture; it resembles the shape of ancient Basilicas.

 

It comprises an entrance, a narthex, a long nave, several aisles and three sanctuaries.

 Like most other Coptic Orthodox churches that have more than one Sanctuary, the middle sanctuary is the one of main importance, dedicated to St. Barbara.

After entering, from the narthex's lobby, there are five marble columns that separate the nave from the two aisles.

 

In front of the middle sanctuary there is a semi-circular choir, which consists of 7 large steps.

 

There are several other icons on the southern aisle of the church, representing the Virgin Mary and Jesus when he was a child, Jesus entering Jerusalem and the baptism of Christ.

 

 -Our Lady of the Church

 -St. Mina Church

 -The Virgin Tree Church

 -Mary church

 

 

-The Cathedral of St. Mark Zeitoun Abbasia.

 

 

  b-Monasteries

 

 1-Saint Catherine's Monastery

 

 Saint Catherine's Monastery lays on the Sinai Peninsula, at the mouth of a gorge at the foot of Mount Sinai, in the city of Saint Catherine, Egypt in the South Sinai Governorate.

 

The monastery is controlled by the autonomous Church of Sinai, part of the wider Eastern Orthodox Church, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Built between 548 and 565, the monastery is one of the oldest working Christian monasteries in the world.



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